The Central Labour Institute (CLI), Mumbai was conceived by the Government of India during the first five year plan as a centre for research, training and consultancy on the various aspects of industrial work related to the human factor.
The institute commenced its activities in a rented building in 1961. On the 7th October 1954 the foundation stone of the CLI building was laid by the first Prime Minister of India, Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. It was shifted to its present premises in 1966 when the building was inaugurated on the 9th February, 1966 by Late Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the then President of India.
Divisions/Cells of the Institute
The Divisions in CLI are organised as below :
- Industrial Safety
- Industrial Hygiene
- Industrial Medicine
- Staff Training & Productivity
- Major Accident Hazards & Chemical Safety
- Management Information Service
- Work Environment Engineering Division
The Industrial Safety division aims at achieving improvement in working conditions and safety standards of factories and docks through training,consultancy, field studies, surveys and other promotional activities. It has contributed to the following achievements:
- Evolution of a safety movement in the country
- Creation of national awareness on safety
- Development of infra-structure on safety at national level through competence building
- Better administration of the Factories Act through training of Inspectors of Factories and technical support.
Studies, Surveys & Audits
National surveys are conducted for ascertaining the status of working conditions and standards of safety in particular industries and operations.
Unit level studies are carried out with the objective of assessing the safety related problems and formulating recommendations for improvements. These studies also help the management to take necessary measures towards setting up safety systems, instituting safety programmes and achieving the goal of better safety in their organisations. Consultancy studies are undertaken at the request of the management or government agencies like the Factory Inspectorates for studying specific problems and rendering advice for corrective measures. The findings of national surveys and unit level consultancy studies become the source of technical inputs while drafting Rules & Regulations and designing various occupational safety and health intervention modules for target groups.
Safety audits are conducted on request from Factories and Ports.
In keeping with its pioneering role in the field of industrial safety, the division has been conducting training for the benefit of industries, Factory Inspectors, Labour Administrators and Trade Unions.
Specialised training courses are conducted for identified target groups such as Senior managers, Safety officers, Supervisors, Trade Union officials, and Safety Committee members from the industry. Some of these courses are :
- Testing and examination of lifting machinery, lifting tackles and pressure vessels
- Safety audit
- Safety in chemical industry
- Safety management techniques
- Accident Prevention
In view of the need of inspection of specific industries and major hazards control, specialised courses are also conducted to impart necessary technical knowledge and skill to the Inspectors of Factories Act 1948.
In order to provide industries and docks sector with qualified safety officers the division conducts one-year post diploma course in Advance Diploma in Industrial Safety (ADIS) affliated to Maharashtra State Board of Technical Examinaton.
- Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Exhibition Centre
The Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Exhibition Centre have exhibits to demonstrate methods, arrangements and appliances for promoting safety and health of workers. This centre has models and exhibits regarding safety, health and welfare in the form of properly guarded machines, personal protective equipment, safe methods of material handling, light and colour schemes and other arrangements, for propagating the message of safety and other health of workplaces. This centre is open to organised groups from industry and educational institutions.
Environmental Engineering Division
The Environmental Engineering Division was added in Central Labour Institute, Mumbai during Seventies with an object to carry out research, consultancy, and training activities in the field of engineering interventions for control of occupational health hazards related to airborne contaminants and physical hazards including Noise, Thermal stress, vibration, faulty industrial illumination etc.
The Industrial Hygiene division is concerned with the improvement of industrial work environment and comprises Industrial Hygiene Laboratory (IHL), Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (RETL) and Non-Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (NRTEL).
The division undertakes various studies/surveys, national projects and training courses to protect the health of industrial workers through identification, evaluation and control of occupational health hazards and advises the management on ways to meet the requirements prescribed in the Second Schedule (under Section 41F) to the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987.
The RETL tests the performance and efficiency of indigenous respiratory personal protective equipment such as dust respirators and canisters/cartridge gas respirators,etc.and advises manufacturers on improvements required to meet prescribed standards.
The NRETL carries out the testing of indigenous non-respiratory personal protective equipment such as safety shoes,safety helmets,safety goggles, eye protectors, etc. These personal protective equipment are tested as per the specifications set by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS). Based on the test reports, technical advice and guidance on quality improvement are suggested to the entrepreneurs and manufacturers. User industries are also advised on proper selection, use, care and maintenance of various personal protective equipment.
The division also organises training courses in the areas of industrial hygiene for the specific group of industries given in the First Schedule, Section 2(cb) of the Factories (Amendment)Act,1987. These training courses are meant to help safety officers,chemists, supervisors and middle level managers in the identification, assessment and control of occupational hazards in their factories.
The Industrial Medicine division aims to prevent and contain health hazards at the workplace brought in by industrialization. The hazards may arise from chemicals or from physical factors such as noise, heat, dust, vibration and radiation.
Occupational Health studies and surveys on industries manufacturing asbestos products, dyestuff, cement, chemical, engineering and ports handling such products are carried out to assess the incidence of occupational diseases by the division. Suitable recommendations such as medical surveillance, use of personal protective equipment, facilities for personal hygiene and first-aid are made to prevent and control health hazards.
The division also carries out training programmes for factory medical officers and workers on occupational health hazards and first-aid. Division also conducting a three-month certificate course “Associate Fellow of Industrial Health (AFIH)” for factory medical officers every year since 1993 as per statutory requirement of Factories Act .The laboratory attached to the division has facilities for medical investigation, including ILO radiography, visual acuity tests, Audiometric evaluation, and Pulmonary Function Tests.
Environmental physiology - It helps to identify and assess the impact of factors like heat, humidity, thermal radiation and movement of air in the working environment so that limits of heat stress for day-to-day industrial work can be stipulated and suitable remedial measures prescribed.
Respiratory physiology - It determines the effects of dust, fumes, toxic gases, etc. on the pulmonary functions and work capacity of the exposed individuals and suggest remedial measures.
In the area of ergonomics the emphasis has been laid on the collection of anthropometric data from different regions of the country, which can be used in the design of work station, machinery, equipment, tools, etc.
The division conducts specialised training courses such as industrial ergonomics, occupational stress and industrial heat, etc.
Staff Training & Productivity
A pilot project on supervisory training was organized in India by the International Labour Organisation in 1952. Encouraged by the results of the pilot project and realising that such training is an essential requirement for the successful implementation of the plans for the industrialisation of the country the Ministry of Labour, Government of India set up the Training Within Industry (TWI) Centre in Mumbai in 1955 with the assistance of the ILO. In keeping with the changing trend of manpower training and development activities, the centre was later renamed as the Staff Training Division.
The division :
- conducts comprehensive supervisory trainer development projects
- helps industry to setup training and development cells with persons trained by the division
- assists industry in institutionalising their manpower training and development efforts by helping them formulate their training and development plans
Over a period of time the activities have expanded to cover the training of management and trade union representatives to help organisation, create a climate conducive for the development of collaborative leadership and bring about improvement in working conditions and productivity. Towards this end, new courses for managers, supervisors, trade union representatives and bipartite forums covering socio- psychological and team building aspects have been developed and conducted.
The division has embarked upon the training of supervisory trainers in chemical industries and trainers of dock workers to help organisations discharge their training responsibility on safety and health aspects under the amended Factories Act and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, respectively. These trainers, in turn, undertake the training of supervisors/workers on safety and health aspects in their organisations.
The productivity division aimd at improving productivity vis-a-vis working conditions and promoting co-operation between labour and management in industrial units. The above objectives are sought to be achieved through training courses and consultancy projects. In consultancy projects a management and labour project team is formed and the experts of the division act as technical consultants and catalyst to the team.
Some of the courses conducted by the division are :
- Productivity techniques for effective employee participation
- Work study and wage incentives
- Wage & Salary Administration
- Office management
Man-power planning, job evaluation, productivity improvement, organisation and methods and wage incentives are some of the consultancy areas.
Major Hazards Chemical Safety Division (MH & CS)
Major Accident Hazards Control division (MAHC) formerly known as Major Accident Hazard Control Advisory (MAHCA) Division added to the CLI as well as in RLIs located at Chennai, Kanpur, & Kolkata in 1987. This Division was the outcome of the ILO project “Establishment and Initial Operation of Major Accident Hazards Control System” The project was executed by DGFASLI in collaboration with Factory Inspectorates of the various States and Union Territories. Although the project was completed in December, 1990, divisions continue to provide important services for the control of major accident hazards in the country. The activities of divisions were gradually enlarged to include other aspects of chemical safety. The name of the division was changed since the year 2007.
The important achievements are :
- Setting up of a 3-tier technical organisation on Major Accident Hazards Control (MAHC) at the national, regional and state levels..
- Preparation of Model Rules for Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards.
- Training of Inspectors of Factories in the inspection of major accident hazards installations.
- Development and publication of training manuals and checklists.
- Preparation of guidelines for inspection of chemical plants, on-site emergency plans and safety reports.
Major Accident Hazards Control division offers the following services :
- Conducting institutional & in-plant training programmes and workshops in specialised areas viz Major Accident Hazards Control, On-Site Emergency Preparedness, Off-Site Emergency Preparedness, Hazard & Operability (HAZOP) Study and Management of Hazardous Chemicals for Major Accident Hazards Installations.
- Conducting studies and surveys on specialised areas of Risk Assessment, HAZOP and Emergency Preparedness in Major Accident Hazards Installations
Management Information Service (MIS)
The objective of the division is to provide information services on occupational safety and health, function as a reference source and also as a center for dissemination of information, which will contribute to the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases.The division comprises of a INDOSHNET centre, CIS National Centre for India and a Library-cum-Information Centre. In order to achieve the above objectives, the division has taken up the following activities: .
National inventory of OSH information:
This division is developing a National Inventory on OSH Information. As a beginning to this inventory data has been collected form the state of Kerala. The major areas identified for the national inventory of OSH information are :
- Demographic Details
- Geographical Structures
- Economic Sectors
- Occupational Injuries Diseases
- Management Of OSH at Unit State Level
- Resources Available And Needed
The exercise is to be carried out in all the other states of the country so as to have a comprehensive database on Inventory of OSH Information.
OSH Information Dissemination
This quarterly newsletter is intended to reach to the people round the globe and bring about awareness in matters related to safety and health, highlight important issues, latest developments, current events in the area of safety and health It includes abstract on material safety data sheets, book reviews, finding of the studies and other relevant information on occupational safety and health training programmes
CIS National Centre for India
As a CIS National Centre for India this Directorate provides information and services on:
- Microfiche reference
- Awareness on current events
- Information access through CD-ROMs published by international agencies such as ILO, WHO, etc.
The Work Environmental Engineering Division of Central Labour Institute, Mumbai is a combination of engineering and industrial hygiene branches dealing with identification, assessment and control of physical hazards in industries.Although the emphasis is given on the engineering control of the working environment, it is important not to forget the recognition of potential health hazards is done by the industrial hygienist. The WEED indentifies the cause and effect relationship of physical hazards to exercise the engineering control to eliminate the work environmental hazards for protecting workers from occupational diseases. WEED also deals with logical and systematic approach toward recognizing and defining the potential exposures that exist within the occupational work environment which cannot be underestimated. WEED helps the industries for solving a problem of physical hazards and concludes with adequate data to support that conclusion. The WEED presents an outline of procedural method that can be used to recognize and evaluate physical hazard exposures that may be present within the work environment to provide a logical method of controlling the exposure. The Division is well-equipped with Environmental Engineering Parameters and sophisticated monitoring equipments for industrial research, study and consultancy services including In-plant and In-house training programmes in the following areas;
- Evaluation and control of Industrial Noise
- Evaluation and control of Industrial Vibration
- Evaluation and control of illumination levels in the work places
- Evaluation and control of industrial ventilation system and thermal comfort
The Central Labour Institute, Mumbai has the following facilities:
Auditorium and Conference Rooms
The Central Labour Institute has an auditorium with a seating capacity for 300 persons. It has 3 air-conditioned conference rooms, fully equipped with audio visual aids. Two conference rooms have a seating capacity of approximately 30 persons each and one conference room for 15 persons. A fully furnished class room having a capacity of 60 students is also available.
The institute also has a well furnished hostel with facility for catering to both the international and national level participants.