The DGFASLI headquarters Mumbai maintains overall liaison with its Central and Regional Labour Institutes, frames policy, plans and executes the program concerning the organization on matters pertaining to safety, health and welfare of workers in industries and docks and implements technical projects and liaises with national and international agencies.
The headquarters consists of the following divisions:
Factory Advice Service
The Factory Advice Service division coordinates the administration of the Factories Act in the States and advises the Central and State Governments on related matters. The activities include interpretation of the provisions of the Act and the Rules, formulation of Model Rules, recommending amendments to the provisions of the Factories Act, and the Rules whenever necessary, issue of technical guidelines, organizing and conducting training for Inspectors of Factories, recommending approval of flameproof equipment for use in the factories, review and comment on documents on safety and health from the International Labour Organisation and other international agencies and participation in international programmes.
A conference of the Chief Inspectors of Factories of the States is convened annually for the purpose of obtaining their views and suggestions regarding the changes that need to be made in the Act and Rules to meet the challenges brought about by new technology and changing socio-economic scenario..
The division had organising training for Fellows from developing countries under various technical assistance programmes of the government such as COLOMBO Plan, Special Common Wealth African Assistance Programme (SCAAP), etc. which are generally of three months duration. During period 1981-88, 41 fellows were trained.
The statistical cell under the division collects and compiles accident statistics and other information related to the administration of the Factories Act and Rules framed thereunder. This information base is used in planning and implementation of national policie concerning occupational safety and health as well as preparing replies to the various Parliament questions.
Dock Workers Safety Division
The office of the Chief Adviser of Factories, presently known as DGFASLI drafted the Indian Dock Labourers Regulations,1948 under the Indian Labourers Act, 1934. The Chief Adviser of Factories started administering the Regulations from 1948 in the five major ports of Mumbai, Kolkatta, Chennai, Cochin and Visakhapatnam through the three inspectorates of Dock Safety set up in Mumbai, Kolkatta and Chennai.
Besides these Regulations, the Dock Workers (Safety,Health &Welfare) Scheme,1961 framed under the Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948 was also enforced by the Inspectorate of Dock Safety in the major ports. Subsequently, six more ports namely, Paradip, Turicorin, New Mangalore, Mormugao, Kandla and Nhava-Sheva, renamed as Jawaharlal Nehru Port, were declared as major ports.
Consequent to the recommendation of the First National Commission on Labour (Gajendranagar Commission) a common comprehensive law on safety and health of dock workers titled the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act,1986 was framed and made applicable from 15th April 1987. Under this Act a set of comprehensive regulations called the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations 1990 was framed and brought into force with effect from 18th March 1990 and thereby repealing the earlier Regulations and Scheme. The new Act and Regulations are in line with the ILO Convention 152 concerning safety and health in dock work. The Director General, DGFASLI is the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety and the administration of these dock safety statutes is carried out by the Ministry of Labour through DGFASLI, Mumbai
The DGFASLI is also entrusted with the responsibility of enforcing the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed under the Environment(Protection) Act, 1986, in the port sector.
The main focus of the Dock Safety division is on:
- Administering the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act,1986 and the Dock Workers(Safety, Health and Welfare)Regulations, 1990 framed there under involving administrative approval of decisions arising out of enforcement of the Statutes by the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety and fixing inspection priorities, etc. in all the eleven major ports.
- Proposing amendments to the existing Dock Safety Legislation
- Enforcing the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed thereunder and the Marking of Heavy Packages Act, 1951 and the Rules made there under
- Planning and policy making
- Advisory services to the Port Authorities, Dock Labour Boards, Stevedores and other employers of dock workers.
- Organising international training programmes for port officials from developing countries.
- Publishing Annual Reports on the administration of the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986 and the Regulations framed there under.
The enforcement function is carried out through the Eleven Inspectorates located at the major ports with their regional inspectorates in Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. These Inspectorates of Dock Safety are responsible for carrying out the following major activities.
- Inspection of ships, docks, loose gear, lifting appliances, transport equipment etc.
- Investigation of accidents
- Launching of prosecutions.
- Carrying out safety studies and surveys through a multi-disciplinary approach
- Organising and conducting training courses on occupational safety and health
Rendering Technical Advice to:
- The port authorities
- Other employers of dock workers
- Port users
Safety Promotional activities
- Organising/participating in safety promotional activities such as celebration of Dock Safety Weeks
- Functioning as representatives of the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety on the Dock Safety Committees at ports
The Construction Safety division undertakes activities like collection of data related to manpower, accidents and dangerous occurrences in the construction sector of the country and training of managerial and supervisory personnel at the national and international levels with the assistance of international agencies, workers' and employers' associations.
The Awards division operates the National safety Awards and the Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar of the Labour Ministry. There are two schemes of National Safety Awards which are presented to the management of factories and ports for best safety performance. The "Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskars" are given to employees of factories, plantations and ports for outstanding suggestions made by them that have resulted in increased productivity, import substitution or higher efficiency.