In these rules unless there is anything repugnant in the subjector context:
Rules prescribed under Section 2A Clause 2(ca) and Section 112
Explanation: For the purpose of this Rule, an institution includes an organisation.
Form of Application for grant of Certificate of Competency to a person under sub-rule (I) of 2A.
Name of the Organisation Period of Service Designation Area of Responsibility
|Name of the Organisation||Period of Service||Designation||Area of Responsibility|
I, …………………., hereby declare that the information furnished above is true.
Signature of the applicant :
Declaration by the Institution (if employed)
I, …………………., certify that Shri …………………… whose details are furnished above, is in our employment and nominate him on behalf of the organisation for the purposes of being declared as a competent person under the Act. I also undertake that I will.
Form of Application for grant of Certificate of Competency to an Institution under sub-rule (2) of Rule 2A.
|S.No.||Name and Designation||Qualifications Experience||Section(s) and the Rules under which Competency is sought for|
I, …………………….. hereby, on behalf of …………………. Certify the details furnished above are correct to the best of my knowledge. I undertake to ----
Signature of Head of the
Institution or of the persons
authorised to sign on his behalf.
Form of Certificate of Competency issued to a person or an institution in pursuance to Rule 2A made under Section 2(ca) read with Section …………………….
I, ……………………., in exercise of the powers conferred on me under Section 2(ca) of the Factories Act and the Rules made thereunder, hereby recognize ……………………….. (Name of the Institution) employing qualified persons Shri ______________________ whose qualification and experience are being approved in the name of the institution
or Shri ………………………… (Name of the person) employed in …………………….……….. (Name of the Institution) to be a competent person for the purpose of carrying out tests, examinations, inspections and certification for such buildings, dangerous machinery, lifts and hoists, lifting machines and lifting tackles, pressure plants, confined space, ventilation system available and process or plant and equipment as the case may be, used in a factory located in …………….. under Section …………….. and the Rules made thereunder. *
* Strike out the words not applicable.
This certificate is valid from ……………..to …………………….
This certificate is issued subject to the conditions stipulated hereunder: -
Station Official Seal Signature of the Chief Inspector Date
NOTE: A separate certificate should be issued under each relevant Section. A person or an institution may be recognised competent for the purpose of more than one Section of the Act.
|S.No.||Section or Rules under which competency is recognised||Qualification required||Experience for the purpose||Facilities at his command|
|1.||Rules made under Section 6 and Section 112 – Certificate of stability for buildings||Degree in Civil or Structural Engineering; or equivalent||i) A minimum of 10 years experience in the design of construction or testing or repairs of structures;ii) Knowledge of non-destructive testing, various codes of practices that are current and the effect of the vibrations and natural forces on the stability of the building; andiii) Ability to arrive at a reliable conclusion with regard to the safety of the structure or the building.|
|2.||Rules made under Section 21(2) – “Dangerous Machines”||Degree in Electrical or Mechanical or Textile Engineering or equivalent.||(ii) a minimum of 7 years experience in-a) design or operation or maintenance; orb) testing, examination and inspection of relevant machinery, their guards, safety devices and appliances.(ii) he shall –a) be conversant with safety devices and their proper functioning;b) be able to identify defects and any other cause loading to failure; andc) have ability to arrive at a reliable conclusion with regard to the proper functioning of safety device and appliance and machine guard.||Guages for measurement; instruments for measurement of speed and any other equipment or device to determine the safety in the use of the dangerous machines.|
|3.||Section 28 – Lifts and Hoists||A degree in Electrical and /or Mechanical Engineering or the equivalent||(i) A minimum experience of 7 years in-(a) design or erection or maintenance; or(b) inspection and test procedures of lifts and hoists;(ii) He shall be –(a) Conversant with relevant codes of practices and test procedures that are current;(b) Conversant with other statutory requirements conversing the safety of the Hoists and Lifts;(c) able to identify defects and arrive at a reliable conclusion with regard to the safety of Hoists and Lifts.||Facilities for load testing, tensile testing, guages equipment/ gadgets for measurement and any other equipment required for determining the safe working conditions of Hoists and Lifts.|
|4.||Section 29 – Lifting Machinery and Lifting Tackles||Degree in Mechanical or Electrical or Metallurgical Engineering or its equivalent||(ii) A minimum experience of 7 years in-(a) design or erection or maintenance; or(b) testing, examination and inspection, of lifting machinery, chains, ropes and lifting tackles.(ii) He shall be –(a) Conversant with the relevant codes of practices and test procedures that are current;(b) Conversant with fracture mechanics and metallurgy of the material of construction;(c) Conversant with heat treatment/ stress relieving techniques as applicable to stress bearing components and parts of lifting machinery and lifting tackles;(d) capable of identifying defects and arriving at a reliable conclusion with regard to the safety of lifting machinery, chains, ropes, and lifting tackles.||Facilities for load testing, tensile testing, heat treatment, equipment/gadget for measurement, gauges and such other equipment to determine the safe working conditions of the lifting machinery tackle.|
|5||Section 31 –‘Pressure Plant||Degree in Chemical or Electrical or Metallurgical or Mechanical Engineering or its equivalent.||(ii) A minimum experience of 10 years in(a) design or erection or maintenance, or(b) testing, examination and inspection of pressure plants.(ii) He shall be –(a) Conversant with the relevant codes of practices and test procedures relating to pressure vessels;(b) Conversant with statutory requirements concerning the safety of unfired pressure vessels and equipment operating under pressure;(c) Conversant with non-destructive testing techniques as are applicable to pressure vessels;(d) able to identify defects and arrive at a reliable conclusion with regard to the safety of pressure plants.||Facilities for carrying out hydraulic test, non-destructive test, gauges equipment/ gadgets for measurement and any other equipment or gauges to determine the safety in use of pressure vessels.|
|6||(ii) Section 36 –Precautions against dangerous fumes(ii) Rules made under Sections 41 112 concerning ship-building and ship repairs,(ii) Handling and processing of asbestos,(ii) Manufacture of Rayon by viscose process,(v) Foundry operations.||Masters degree in Chemistry, or a degree in Chemical Engineering.||(i) a minimum of 7 years in collection and analysis of environmental samples and calibration of monitoring equipment;(ii) He shall –(a) be conversant with the hazardous properties of chemicals and their permissible limit values;(b) be conversant with the current techniques of sampling and analysis of the environmental contaminants; and(c) be able to arrive at a reliable conclusion as regards the safety in respect of entering and carrying out hot work.||Meters, instruments and devices duly calibrated and certified for carrying out the tests and certification of safety in working in confined spaces.|
|7||Ventilation systems as required under various Schedules framed under Section 87, such as Schedules on –(ii) Grinding or glazing or metals and processes and incidental thereto,(ii) Cleaning or smoothing, roughening, etc. of articles, by a jet sand, metal shot, or grit, or other abrasive propelled by a blast of compressed air of steam.||Degree in Mechanical or Electrical Engineering or equivalent.||(i) A minimum of 7 years in the design, fabrication, installation, testing of ventilation system and systems used for extraction and collection of dusts, fumes and vapours and other ancillary equipment.(ii) He shall be conversant with relevant codes of practice and tests procedures that are current in respect of ventilation and a traction system for fumes, and shall be able to arrive at a reliable conclusion with regard to effectiveness of the system.||Facilities for testing the ventilation system, instruments and gauges for testing the effectiveness of the extraction systems for dusts, vapours and fumes, and any other equipment needed for determining the efficiency and adequacy of these systems. He shall have the assistance of a suitable qualified technical person who can come to a reasonable conclusion as to the adequacy of the system.|
(Rules 3 to 13 prescribed under sub-section (I) of Section 6)
The State Government or the Chief Inspector Rules of Factoriesmay require, for the purposes of the Act, submission of plans ofany factory which was either in existence on the date of commencement of the Act or which has not been constructed or extended since then. Such plans shall be drawn to the scale showing :
Form of Certificate of Stability
I certify that I have inspected the building/buildings the plans of which have been approved by the Chief Inspector in his letter No................ dated ......... and examined the various parts including the foundationswithspecial reference to the machine, plant etc., that have beeninstalled. I am of the opinion that the building/buildings which has/have been constructed/ reconstructed/extended/ taken into use is/are in accordance with the plans approved by the Chief Inspector in his letter mentionedabove,thatit/they/are structurally sound and that its/their stability will not be endangered by its/their use as factory/partof factory for the manufacture of .......... for which the machinery, plant, etc. installed are intended.
If employed by a company or association, name and address of the company or association]
Applications for registration and grant of licence
The occupier of every factory shall submit to the Chief Inspector an application in triplicate in form for the registration of the factory and grant of licence.
Provided that the occupier of premises in use as a factory on the date of commencement of these rules shall submit such application within 30 days from the date of commencement of these rules.
The occupier of every factory shall submit to the Chief Inspector an application in triplicate in Form 6 for the registration of the factory and grant of a licence.
Kilowatts | Maximum number of persons to be employed on any
installed | day during the year
(Maximum | -------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kilowatts) | 20 | 50 | 100 | | | |
Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs
If a licensee dies or becomes insolvent, the person carrying on the business o f such licensee shall not be liable to any penalty under the Act for exercising the powers granted to the licensee by the licence during such time as may reasonably be required to allow him to make an application for the amendment of the licence under rule 7 in his own name for the unexpired portion of the original licence.
Where a licence granted under these rules is lost or accidentally destroyed, a duplicate may be granted on payment of a fee of rupees .......
Provided that the appropriate fee may alternatively be paid by a crossed cheque or a bank draft on any nationalised bank or by a postal order drawn in favour of the Chief Inspector.
An occupier shall not use any premises as a factory or carry on any manufacturing process in a factory unless a licence has been issued in respect of such premises and is in force for the time being :
Provided that if a valid application for grant of licence or renewal of licence has been submitted and the required fee has been paid the premises shall be deemed to be fully licensed until such date as the Chief Inspector grants or renews the licence or refuse in writing to grant or renew the licence.
The notice of occupation shall be in Form prescribed under
The notice of change of manager shall be in Form 4.
No person shall be appointed as an Inspector for the purpose of the Act unless he possesses the qualifications as hereunder :
An Inspector shall, for the purpose of the execution of the Act, have power to do all or any of the following things, that is to say
20. Record of whitewashing, etc.
The record of dates on which white washing, colour washing, varnishing, etc. are carried out shall be entered in a register maintained in Form......
The arrangements made in every factory for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing processes carried on therein shall be in accordance with those approved by the relevant Water and Air Pollution Boards appointed under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention & Control Of Pollution) Act, 981 and other appropriate authorities.
In any factory the maximum wet-bulb temperature of air in aworkroom at a height of 1.5 meters above the floor level shall notexceed 30 degrees centigrade and adequate air movement of atleast 30 meters per minute shall be provided; and in relation todry-bulb temperature, the wet-bulb temperature in the workroomat the said height shall not exceed that showninthescheduleannexed hereto,or asregardsadry-bulbreading intermediate between thetwodry-bulb readings thatspecified inrelationto the higher of these two dry-bulb readings :
Dry-bulb Temperature Wet-bulb temperature
(Degrees Centigrade)(Degrees Centigrade)
|Dry-bulb Temperature (Degrees Centigrade)||Wet-bulb temperature (Degrees Centigrade)|
|30 to 34||29|
|35 to 39||28.5|
|40 to 44||28|
|45 to 47||27.5|
Provided that if the temperature measured with a thermometer inserted in a hollow globe of 15 centimeters diameter coated mat black outside andkept in the environment for not less than 20 minutes exceeds the dry-bulb temperature of the air, the temperature so recorded by he globethermometer shall be taken in place of the dry-bulb temperature.
Provided further that when the reading of the wet-bulb temperature outside in the shade exceeds 27 degrees centigrade, the value of thewet-bulb temperature allowed in the schedule for a given dry-bulbtemperature may be correspondingly exceeded to the same extent.
Provided further that this requirement shall not apply in respect offactories covered by section 15 and in respect of factories where thenature of work carried on involves production of excessively hightemperatures referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section (1) to whichworkers are exposed for short periods of time not exceeding one hourfollowed by an interval of sufficient duration in thermal environmentsnot exceeding those otherwise laid down in this rule.
Provided further that the Chief Inspector, having due regard to the health of the workers, may in special and exceptional circumstances, by anorder in writing exempt any factory or part of a factory from the foregoing requirement, in so far as restricting the thermal conditionswithin the limits laid down in the schedule are concerned, to the extent that he may consider necessary subject to such conditions as he mayspecify.
Providedthatthe ChiefInspectormayrelaxtherequirements regarding the amount of ventilatingopenings if he is satisfied that having regard to the location of the factory, orientationofthefactory, orientation of the workroom, prevailing winds, roof heightand the nature of manufacturing process carried on, sufficient supplyof fresh air into the workroom is afforded during most part of theworking time.
Provided further that this requirement shall not apply in respect ofworkrooms of factories :
situation with respect to adjacent buildings and height of theventilation openings under clause (a) of this sub-rulecannot becomplied with or in the opinion of the inspector the temperatureofair in a workroom is sufficiently high and islikely to exceed the limits prescribed in sub-rule (1) he may serve on the manager of the factory an order requiring him to provide additional ventilation either by means of roofventilators or by mechanical means.
There shall be no artificial humidification in any room of a cotton spinning or weaving factory :
Provided, however, that clause (b) shall not apply when the difference between the wet-bulb temperature as indicated by the hygrometer in the department concerned and the wet-bulb temperature taken with a hygrometer outside in the shade is less than 2 degrees.
In all departments of cotton spinning and weaving mills wherein artificialhumidification is adopted, hygrometers shall be provided and maintainedin such positions as are approved by the Inspector. The number ofhygrometers shall be regulated according to the following scale :-
One hygrometer for departments with less than 500 looms, andone additional hygrometers for every 500 or part of in excess of 500.
One hygrometer for each room of less than 8500 cubic meterscapacity and one extra hygrometer for each 5670 cubic meters orpart thereof, in excess of this.
When the Inspector is satisfied that the limits of humidity allowed by the schedule to rule 23 are never exceeded, he may, for any department other than the weaving department, grant exemption from the maintenance of hygrometer. The Inspector shall record such exemption in writing.
A legible copy of the schedule to rule 23 shall be affixed near each hygrometer.
At each hygrometer maintained in accordance with rule 24, correct wet and dry-bulb temperature shall be recorded thrice daily by the manager and approved by the Inspector. The temperature shall be taken between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m., between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. In exceptional circumstances, such additional readings be taken and between such hours, as the Inspector may specify, shall be taken. The temperatures shall be entered in a humidity register in the prescribed Form......., maintained in the factory.
At the end of each month, the persons who have taken the readings shall sign the register and certify in the register the correctness of the entries. The register shall always be available for inspection by the Inspector.
Each thermometer shall be maintained at all times during the period of employment in efficient working order, so as to give accurate indications and in particular :-
If an Inspector gives notice in writing that a thermometer is not accurate, it shall not, after one month from the date of such notice, be deemed to be accurate unless and until it has been re-examined as prescribed and a fresh certificate obtained, which certificate shall be kept attached to the humidity register.
No reading shall be taken for record on any hygrometer within 15 minutes of the renewal of water in the reservoir.
In any room in which steam pipes are used for the introduction of steam for the purpose of artificial humidification of the air the following provisions shall apply :-
Provided that in any such parts in which the mounting height of the light source for general illumination necessarily exceeds 7.6 meters measured from the floor or where the structure of the room or the position or construction of the fixed machinery or plant prevents the uniform attainment of this standard, the general illumination at the said level shall be not less than 22 lux and where work is actually being done the illumination shall be not less than 65 lux.
Where the Chief Inspector is satisfied in respect of any particular factory or part thereof or in respect of any description of workroom or process that any requirement of rules 35 and 36 is inappropriate or is not reasonably practicable, he may by order in writing exempt the factory or part thereof, or description of workroom or process from such requirement to such extent and subject to such conditions as he may specify.
The quantity of drinking water to be provided for the workers in every factory shall be atleast 5 litres per worker employed in the factory and such drinking water shall be readily available at all times during working hours.
The water provided for drinking shall be supplied :
If drinking water is not supplied directly from taps either connected with public water supply system or any other water supply system of the factory approved by the Health Officer, it shall be kept in suitable vessels, receptacles or tanks fitted with taps and having dust proof covers, and placed on raised stands or platforms in shade and having suitable arrangement of drainage to carry away the split water. Such vessels, receptacles or tanks shall be kept clean and the water renewed at least once every day. All practicable measures shall be taken to ensure that the water is free from contamination.
Provided that this requirement shall not apply to any such well or reservoir if the water therein is filtered and treated to the satisfaction of the Health Officer before it is supplied for consumption.
The Inspector may by order in writing direct the manager to obtain, at such time or at intervals as he may direct, a report from the Health Officer as to the fitness for human consumption of the water supplied to the workers, and in every case to submit to the Inspector a copy of such report as soon as it is received from the Health Officer.
In every factory wherein more than two hundred and fifty workers areordinarily employed :-
Provided that if ice is placed in the drinking water, the ice shall be clean and wholesome and shall be obtained only from a sourceapproved in writing by the Health Officer;
Provided that in the case of a factory where the number of persons employed exceeds 500 it shall be sufficient if there is one such "center" as aforesaid for every 150 persons upto the first 500 and one for every 500 persons thereafter;
Provided further that the distance between the place of work of any worker shall not be more than 50 meters from the nearest water center or any distance as may be specified by the inspector.
Latrine accommodation shall be provided in every factory on the following scale :-
Provided that where the number of males exceeds 100, it shall be sufficient if there is one latrine for every 25 males up to the first 100, and one for every 50 thereafter.
In calculating the number of latrines required under this rule, any odd number of workers less than 25, or 50, as the case may be, shall be reckoned as 25 or 50.
Latrines, other than those connected with an efficient water borne sewage system shall, comply with the requirements of the Public Health authorities.
Every latrine shall be under cover and so partitioned off as to secure privacy, and shall have a proper door and fastenings.
Where workers of both sexes are employed, there shall be displayed outside each latrine block a notice "For Men only" or "For Women only" as the case may be, in the language understood by the majority of the workers. The notice shall also bear the figure of a man or of a woman as the case may be.
Urinal accommodation shall be provided for the use of male workers andthere shall be at least one urinal of not less than 60 centimeters in length for every 50 males:
Provided that where the number of males employed exceeds 500, it shallbe sufficient if there is one urinal for every 50 males upto the first 500 employed, and one for every 100 thereafter.
In calculating the urinal accommodation required under this rule any odd number of workers
less than 50, or 100, as the case may be, shall be reckoned as 50 or 100.
Urinals, other than those connected with an efficient water-borne sewage system, and urinals in a factory wherein more than two hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed shall comply with the requirements of the Public Health authorities.
When any general system of underground sewerage with an assured water supply for any particular locality is provided in a municipality, all latrines and urinals of a factory situated in such locality shall, if the factory is situated within 30 meters of an existing sewer, be connected with that sewerage system.
The walls, coilings, and partitions of every latrine and urinal shall be white washed or colour washed and the whitewashing or colour washing shall be repeated at least once in every period of four months. The dates on which the whitewashing or colour washing is carried out shall be entered in the prescribed register (Form ):
Provided that this rule shall not apply to latrines and urinals, the walls, ceilings or partitions of which are laid in glazed tiles or otherwise finished to provide a smooth, polished, impervious surface and that they are washed with suitable detergents and disinfectants at least once in every period of four months.
All drains carrying waste or sludge water shall be constructed in masonry or other impermeable material and shall be regularly flushed and the effluent disposed off by connecting such drains with a suitable drainage line:
Provided that where there is no such drainage line, the effluent shall be deodorized and rendered innocuous and then disposed off in a suitable manner to the satisfaction of the Health Officer.
The number and location of the spittoons to be provided shall be to the satisfaction of the Inspector.
The spittoons shall be any of the following types :-
The spittoon mentioned in clause (a) of rule 55 shall be emptied, cleaned and disinfected at least once every day; and the spittoon mentioned in clause (b) of rule 55 shall be cleaned by scrapping out the top layer of sand as often as necessary or at least once every day.
Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 21 in regard to the fencing of machines, the further precautions specified in the schedules annexed hereto shall apply to the machines noted in each schedule.
Textile Machinery except Machinery used in Jute Mills :
The requirements of this schedule shall apply to machinery in factories engaged in the manufacture or processing of textiles other than jute textiles. The schedule would not apply to machinery in factories engaged exclusively in the manufacture of synthetic fibres.
For the purpose of this schedule -
(aa) "Sanforizing machine" means a machine consisting of a large steam-heated cylinder, and endless, thick, wollen felt blanket which is in close contact with the cylinder for most of its perimeter, and an electrically heated shoe which presses the cloth against the blanket while the latter is in a stretched condition as it curves around feed-in roll.
(bb) "Shoaring machine" means a machine used for shoaring cloth. Cutting action is provided by a number of steel bladesspirally mounted on the roller. The roller rotates in close contact with a fixed ledger blade. There may be from one to six such rollers on a machine.
(cc) “Singeing machine" means a machine which comprises of aheater roller, plate, or an open gas flame. The cloth or yarn is rapidly passed over a roller or the plate or through the open gas flame to remove fuzz or hairiness by burning.
(dd) "Slasher" means a machine used for applying a size mixtureto warp yarns. Essentially, it consists of a stand for holding section beans, a size box, one or more cylindrical dryers or an enclosed hot air dryer, and a beaming and for winding the yarn on the loom beams.
(ee) "Tenter frame" means a machine for drying cloth under tension. it essentially consists of a pair of endless traveling chains fitted with clips of fine pins and carried on tracks. The cloth is firmly held at the salvages by the two chains which diverge as they move forward so that the cloth is brought to the desired width.
(ff) "Warper" means a machine for preparing and arranging theyarns intended for thw warp of a fabric, specifically, a beam warper.
3. General safety requirements:
(i). Every textile machine shall be provided with individual mechanical or electrical means for starting and stopping such machines. Belt shifter on machines driven by belts and shafting should be provided with a belt shifter lock of an equivalent positive locking device
(ii). Stopping and starting handles or other controls shall be of such design and so positioned as to prevent the operator’s hand or fingers from striking against any moving part of any other part of the machine
(iii) All belts, pulleys, gears, chains, sprocket wheels,andother dangerous moving parts of machinery which either form part of the machinery or are used in association with it, shall be securely guarded.
4. Openers and pickers:
Provided that in the case of doors or covers of openings giving access to any dangerous part, other than better covers, instead of the interlocking arrangement, such openings may be so fenced by guards which prevent access to any such dangerous part and which is either kept positively locked in position or fixed insuch a manner that it cannot be removed without the use of hand tools.
Provided that the foregoing provision shall not apply to the machines equipped with automatic lap forming devices.
Provided further any such machine equipped with an automatic lap forming device shall not be used unless the automatic lap forming device is in efficient working order.
5. Cotton cards:
Provided that the latter requirement in respect of the automatic locking device shall not apply while stripping or grinding operations are carried out;
Provided further that stripping or grinding operations shall be carried out only by specially trained adult workers wearing tight fitting clothing whose names have been recorded in the register prescribed in this behalf as required in sub-section(1) of section 22.
6. Garnett machines:
7. Gill boxes:
Any opening which the guard may permit when fitted in position shall be so restricted with respect to the distance of the opening from any nip point through that opening and in any circumstances the maximum width of the opening shall not exceed the following :
|Distance of opening from nip point||Maximum width of opening|
|0 to 38 mm||6 mm|
|39 to 63 mm||10 mm|
|64 to 88 mm||13 mm|
|89 to 140 mm||15 mm|
|141 to 165 mm||15 mm|
|141 to 165 mm||19 mm|
|166 to 190 mm||22 mm|
|191 to 215 mm||32 mm|
8. Sliver and ribbon lappers (cotton):
The calender drums and the lap spool shall be provided with a guard to prevent access to the nip between the in-running rolls.
9. Speed frames:
Jack box wheels at the head stock shall be guarded and the guard shall have interlocking arrangement.
10. Spinning mules
Wheels on spinning mule carriages shall be provided with substantial wheel guards, extending to within 6 mm of the rails.
Swiveled double-bar gates shall be installed on all warpers operating in excess of 410 meters/min. These gates shall have interlocking arrangement, except for the purpose of inching or jogging:
Provided that the top and bottom bare of the gate shall be atleast 1.05 and 0.53 meters high from the floor or workingplatform, and the gate shall be located 38 mm from the vertical tangement to the beam head.
14. Valves of kiers, tanks, and other containers:
(1) Eachvalvecontrolling the flow of steam, injuriousgasesorliquids into a kier or any other tank or container into which a person is likely to enter in connection with a process, operation maintenance or for any other purpose, shallbeprovided with a suitable locking arrangement to enable the saidperson to lock the valve securely in the closed position andretain the key with him before entering the kier, tank or container.
(2) Wherever boiling tanks, caustic tanks and any other containers from whichliquids which are hot, corrosive or toxic may overflow or splash, are so located that the operator cannot seethe contents from the floor or working area emergency shut offvalves which can be controlled from a point not subject todanger of splash shall be provided to prevent danger.
15. Shearing machines
All revolving blades on shearing machines shall be guarded so that the opening between the cloth surface and the bottom of the guard will not exceed 10 mm.
16. Continuous bleaching range (cotton and rayon)
The nip of all in-running rolls on open-width bleaching machine rolls shall be protected with a guard to prevent the worker from being caught at the nip. The guard shall extend across the entire length of the nip.
17. Mercerizing range (piece goods)
18. Tender frames
Suitable nip guards conforming to the requirement in paragraph 7(2) shall be provided to all dangerous in-running rolls.
20. Centrifugal extractors
21. Squeezer or wringer extractor, water mangle, starch mangle, back washer (worsted yarn) crabbing machines, and decating machines:
All in-running rolls shall be guarded with nip guards conformingto the requirements in paragraph 7(2).
22. Sanforizing and palmer machine
23. Rope washers
24. Laundry washer tumbler or shaker
(1) Each drying tumbler, each double cylinder shaker or clothes tumbler and each washing machine shall beequipped withaninter-locking arrangement which will prevent the power operationof the inside cylinder when the outer door on the case or shallis open and which will from being opened without shutting offthe power and the cylinder coming to a stop. This should notprevent the movement of the inner cylinder by means of a hand operated mechanism or an inching device.
(2) Each closed barrel shall also be equipped with adequatemeansfor holding open the doors or covers of the inner and outercylinders or shells while it is being loaded or unloaded.
25. Printing machine (roller type)
The nip at the in-running side of the rolls shall be provided with a guard extending across the entire length of the nip and arranged to prevent the fingers of the workers from being pulled in between the rolls or between the guard and the rolls, and so constructed that the cloth can be fed into the rolls safely.
27. Rotary staple cutters
The cutter shall be protected by a guard to prevent hands reaching the cutting zone.
28. Plaiting machines
Access to the trap between the knife and card bar shall be prevented by a guard.
29. Hand baling machine
An angle iron handle-stop guard shall be installed at right angle to the frame of the machine. The stop guard shall be so designed and so located that it will prevent the handle from traveling beyond the vertical position should the handle slip from the operator’s hand when the pawl has been released from the teeth of the take-up gear.
30. Flat-work ironer
Each flat-work or cellar ironer shall be equipped with a safety bar or other guard across the entire front of the feed or first pressure rolls so arranged that the striking of the bar or guard by the hand of the operator or other person will stop the machine. The guard shall be such that the operator or other person cannot reach into the rolls without removing the guard. This may be either in verticalguard on all sides or a complete cover. If a vertical guard isused, the distance from the floor or working platform to the topof guard shall be not less than 1.83 meters.
The line shaft or second motion in cotton ginning factories, when below floor level, shall be completely enclosed by a continuous wall or un-climbable fencing with only so many openings as are necessary for access to the shaft for removing cotton seed, cleaning and oiling; and such openings shall be provided with gates or doors which shall be kept closed and locked.
For the purposes of this schedule -
2. Stopping and starting device:
An efficient stopping and starting device shall be provided on every woodworking machine. The control of this device shall be in such a position as to be readily and conveniently operated by the person in charge of the machine.
3. Space around machines:
The space surrounding every woodworking machine in motion shall be kept free from obstruction.
The floor surrounding every woodworking machine shall bemaintained in good and level condition, and shall not be allowed tobecome slippery, and as far as practicable shall be kept free fromchips or other loose material.
5. Training and supervision:
6. Circular saws:
Every circular saw shall be fenced as follows :-
(a) behind and in direct line with the saw there shall be riving knife, which shall have a smooth surface, shall be strong, rigid and easily adjustable, and shall also conform to the following conditions :
(b) the top of the saw shall be coveredbyastrong and easily adjustable guard,with a flange at the side of thesawfarthestfrom the fence. The guard shall be kept so adjusted that the said flange shall below the roots of the teeth of the saw, The guard shall extend from the top of the riving knife to a pointaslow as practicable at the cutting edge of the saw; and
(c) the part of the saw below the bench table shall be protected by two plates of metal or other suitable material, one on each side of thesaw; such plates shall not be more than 15 centimeters apart, andshall extend from the axis of the saw outwards to a distance of notless than 5 centimeters beyond the teeth of the saw. Metal plates, if not bended, shall be of thickness of least 2.5 millimeters, or, if beaded, be of a thickness of at least 1.25 millimeter.
7. Push sticks
A push stick or other suitable appliance shall be provided for use at every circular saw and at every vertical spindle moulding machine to enable the work to be done without unnecessary risk.
8. Band saws
Every band saw shall be guarded as follows :-
9. Planning machines:
10. Vertical spindle moulding machines:
11. Chain mortising machines:
The chain of every chain mortising machine shall be provided with a guard which shall enclose the cutters as far as practicable.
12. Adjustment and maintenance of guards:
The guardsandother appliances required under this schedule shall be :
Paragraphs 6,8,9 and 10 shall not apply to any wood working machine in respect of which it can be proved that other safeguards are provided, maintained and used which render the machine as safe as it would be if guarded in the manner prescribed in this schedule.
1. Installation of machines:
Mills for breaking down, cracking, grating, mixing, refining and warming rubber or rubber compounds shall be so installed that the top of the front roll is not less than 105 centimeters above the floor or working level :
Provided that in existing installations where the top of the frontroll is below this height a strong, rigid distance-bar guard shall be fitted across the front of the machine in such position that the operator cannot reach the nip of the rolls.
2. Safety devices:
Safety-trip rods and tight wire cables on all rubber mills shallbeexaminedand tested daily in the presence of the managerorother responsible person and if any defect is disclosed suchexaminationand test the mill shall not be used untilsuchdefecthas been remedied.
"Centrifugal machines" include centrifugal extractors separators and driers.
2. Every part of centrifugal machine shall be:
(a) of good design and construction and of adequate strength;
(b) properly maintained; and
(c) examined thoroughly by a competent person at regular intervals.
3. Inter-locking guard for drum or basket
4. Braking arrangement:
Every centrifugal machine shall be provided with an effective braking arrangement capable of bringing the drum or basket to rest within as short as a period of time as reasonably practicable after the power is cut off.
5. Operating speed:
No centrifugal machine shall be operated at a speed in excess of the manufacturer’s rating which shall be legibly stamped at easily visible places both on the inside of the basket and on the outside of the machine casing.
Sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 3, paragraphs 4 and 5 shall not apply in case of top lung machines or similar machines used in the sugar manufacturing industry.
The Schedule shall apply to all types of power presses including press brakes, except when used for working hot metal.
For the purpose of this Schedule –
(a) "approved" means approved by the Chief Inspector
3. Starting and stopping mechanism:
The starting and stopping mechanism shall be provided with a safety stop so as to prevent over running of the press or descent of the ram during tool setting, etc.
4. Protection of tool and die:
5. Appointment of persons to prepare power presses for use:
(1) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (4), no person shall set, re-set, adjust or try out the tools on a power press or install or adjust any safety device thereon, being installation or adjustmentpreparatory to production of die proving, or carry out an inspectionand test of any safety device thereon required by paragraph 8 unlesshe -
(2) Thetraining shall include suitable and sufficient practical instruction in the matter in relation to each type of power press andsafety device in respect of which it is proposed to appoint the person being trained
6. Examination and testing of power presses and safety devices:
7. Defects disclosed during a thorough examination and tests:
8. Inspection and test of safety devices:
Provided that an inspection, test and certificate as aforesaid shallnot be required where any adjustment of the tools has not caused or resulted in any alteration to or disturbance of any safety device on the power press and if, after the adjustment of the tools, thesafety devices remain, in the opinion of such a person as aforesaid, in efficient working order.
9. Defects disclosed during an inspection and test:
10. Identification of power presses and safety devices:
For the purpose of purpose of identification every power press and every safety device provided for the same shall be distinctively and plainly marked.
11. Training and instructions to operators:
The operators shall be trained and instructed in the safe method of work before starting work on any power press.
Shears, Slitters and Guillotine Machines
For the purpose of this schedule
(a) "guillotine"meansa machine ordinarilyequippedwithstraight, bevel-edgedblade operating vertically against a stationary resisting edge and used for cutting metallic or non-metallicsubstances
(b) "shears"or "shearing machine" means a machine ordinarily equippedwith straight,bevel-edged bladesoperating vertically against resisting edges, or with rotary, overlapping cutting wheels, andused for shearing metals or non-metallic substances
(c) "slitter" or "slitting machine" means a machine ordinarily equipped with circular disc-type knives, and used for trimming or cutting into metal or non-metallic substances or for slitting them intonarrow strips; for the purpose of this Schedule, this term includesbread or other food slicers equipped with rotary knives or cuttingdiscs.
2. Guilloting and Shears:
Provided that in case of machines used in the paper printing and allied industries, where a fixed barrier metal guard is not suitable on a account of height and volume of the material being fed, there shall be provided suitable starting devices which require simultaneous action of both the hands of the operator or an automatic device which will remove both the hands of the operator from the danger zone at every descent of the blade
3. Slitting Machines:
(a) Automatically adjust themselves to the thickness of the material; or
(b) be fixed or manually adjusted so that the space between the bottom of the guard and the material will not exceed 6 mm (1/4 in.) at any time.
4. Index cutters and Vertical Paper Slotters:
Index cutters, and other machines for cutting strips from the ends of books, and for similar operations, shall be provided with fixed guards, so arranged that the fingers of the operators cannot come between the blades and the tables.
5. Corner Cutters:
Corner cutters used in the manufacture of paper boxes, shall be equipped with
6. Band Knives:
Band wheels on band knives, and all portions of the blades except working side between the sliding guide and the table on vertical machines, to between the wheel guards on horizontal machines, shall be completely enclosed with hinged guards of sheet metal not less than 1 mm (0.04 in.) in thickness or of other material of equal strength.
In every factory a register shall be maintained in Form 9 in which the name and other particulars of every such worker as may be employed for such examination or operation as referred to in the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 21 shall be entered.
The machines specified in sections 28, 29 and 30 and the machines mentioned below shall be deemed to be of such dangerous character that young persons shall not work at them unless the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 23 are complied with :
|Class or Description of hoist or lift applies(1)||Requirement which shall not apply (2)|
|Hoists or lifts mainly used for raising materials for charging blast furnaces or lime kilns.||Sub-section 1(b) in so far as it requires a gate at the bottom landing; sub-section (d); sub-section 1(e).|
|Hoists not connected with mechanical power and which are not used for carrying persons.||Sub-section 1(b) in so far as it requires the hoistway or liftway enclosure to be so constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any part of the hoist or lift and any fixed structure or moving part, sub-section 1(e).|
Provided that this sub-rule shall not apply in respect of such lifting tackle if the safe working load thereof, or in the case of a multiple sling, the safe working load at different angles of the legs, is plainly marked upon it.
(i) working cylinders of steam engines or prime movers, feed pumps and steam traps; turbine casings; compressor cylinders; steam separators or dryers; steam strainers; steam de-super-heaters; oil separators; air receivers for fire sprinkler installations; air receivers of monotype machines provided the maximum working pressure of the air receiver does not exceed 1.33 kilograms per square centimetre and the capacity 85 litres; air receivers of electrical circuit breakers; air receivers of electrical relays; air vessels on pumps, pipe coils, accessories of instruments and appliances such as cylinders and piston assemblies used for operating relays and interlocking type of guards; vessels with liquids subjected to static head only; and hydraulically operating cylinders other than any cylinder communicating with an air loaded accumulator.
Provided that the pressure vessel or plant in respect of the design and construction of which there is an Indian standard or a standard of the country of manufacture or any other law or regulation in force, shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the said standard, law or regulation, as the case may be, and a certificate thereof shall be obtained from the manufacturer or from the competent person which shall be kept and produced on demand by an Inspector.
Provided that it shall be sufficient for the purpose of this sub-rule if the safety valve or pressure relieving device, the pressure gauge and the stop valve are mounted on a pipeline immediately adjacent to the pressure vessel and where there is a range of two or more similar pressure vessels served by the same pressure lead, only one set of such mountings need be fitted on the pressure lead immediately adjacent to the range of pressure vessels, provided they cannot be isolated.
Provided, however, that the pressure vessel or plant which is so designed and constructed that it cannot be safely filled with water or liquid or is used in service when even some traces of water cannot be tolerated, shall be pneumatically tested at a pressure not less than the design pressure or the maximum permissible working pressure as the case may be.
Provided further that the pressure vessel or plant, which is lined with glass, shall be tested hydrostatically or pneumatically as required at a pressure not less than the design pressure or maximum permissible working pressure as the case may be.
Design pressure shall be not less than the maximum permissible working pressure and shall take into account the possible fluctuations of pressure during actual operation.
Provided that if by reason of the construction of a pressure vessel or plant, a thorough internal examination is not possible, this examination may be replaced by a hydrostatic test which shall be carried out once in every period of two years.
Provided further that for a pressure vessel or plant in continuous process which cannot be frequently opened, the period of internal examination may be extended to four years; and
Provided that in respect of a pressure vessel or plant with thin walls, such as sizing cylinder made of copper or any other non- ferrous metal, periodic hydrostatic test may be dispensed with subject to the condition that the requirements laid down in sub- rule (8) are fulfilled.
Provided further that when it is impracticable to carry out thorough external examination of any pressure vessel or plant every six months as required in sub-clause (i) of this clause, or if owing to its construction and use a pressure vessel or plant cannot be hydrostatically tested as required in sub-clause (ii) and (iii) of this clause, a thorough external examination of the pressure vessel or plant shall be carried out at least once in every period of two years, and at least once in every period of four years a thorough systematic non-destructive test like ultrasonic test for metal thickness or other defects of all parts the failure of which might lead to eventual rupture of the pressure vessel or plant shall be carried out.
Provided that if the Chief Inspector is satisfied that such electronic or other accurate devices are not available, he may permit the cutting of samples from the crown and the sides of the holder.
Provided further that if the above examination raises a doubt, an internal visual examination shall be made.
|Persons||Maximum weight of material,article, tool or appliance|
|(a) Adult male||55 Kilograms|
|(b) Adult female||30 Kilograms|
|(c) Adolescent male||30 Kilograms|
|(d) Adolescent female||20 Kilograms|
|(e) Male child||16 Kilograms|
|(f) Female child||14 Kilograms|
Effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed in or in the immediate vicinity of the following processes :-
Every chamber, tank, vat, pipe, flue or other confined space, which persons may have to enter and which may contain dangerous fumes to such an extent as to involve risk of the persons being overcome thereby, shall unless there is other effective means of egress, be provided with a manhole which may be rectangular, oval or circular in shape and which shall
The requirements of sub-section (4) of section 37 shall not apply to the following processes carried on in any factory
Provided that this exemption shall not apply to any gasholder containing acetylene or mixture of gases to which acetylene has been added intentionally; and
the site of the operation shall be free from any flammable or explosive gas or vapour;
where acetylene gas is used as a source of heat in connection with
an operation, it shall be compressed and contained in a porous
substances in a cylinder; and
Protection from lightning shall be provided for :
Wherever there is danger of fire explosion from accumulation of flammable or explosive substances in air :
Where materials are likely to induce spontaneous ignition, care shall be taken to avoid formation of air pocket and to ensure adequate ventilation. The material susceptible to spontaneous ignition should be stored in dry condition and should be in heaps of such capacity and separated by such passage, which will prevent fire. The materials susceptible to ignition and stored in the open shall be at a distance not less than 10 meters away from process or storage buildings.
Cylinders containing compressed gas may only be stored in open if they are protected against excessive variation of temperature, direct rays of sun, or continuous dampness. Such cylinders shall never be stored near highly flammable substances, furnaces or hot processes. The room where such cylinders are stored shall have adequate ventilation.
Provided that not more than 20 litres of flammable liquids having a flash point of 21 degrees centigrade or less shall be kept or stored in any workroom.
(aa) A staircase shall not be arranged round a lift shaft unless the latter is totally enclosed by a material having a fire-resistance rating not lower than that of the type of construction of the former.
(bb) Hollow combustible construction shall not be permitted.
(cc) The minimum width of an internal staircase shall be 100 cm.
(dd) The minimum width of treads without nosing shall be 25 cm. for an internal staircase. The treads shall be constructed and maintained in a manner to prevent slipping.
(ee) The maximum height of a riser shall be 19 cm. and the number of risers shall be limited to 12 per flight.
(ff) Handrails shall be provided with a minimum height of 100 cm. and shall be firmly supported.
(gg) The use of spiral staircase shall be limited to low occupant load and to a building of height of 9 metres, unless they are connected to platforms such as balconies and terraces to allow escapees to pause. A spiral staircase shall be not less than 300 cm. in diameter and have adequate headroom.
(hh) The width of a horizontal exit shall be same as for the exit doorways.
(ii) The horizontal exit shall be equipped with at least one fire door of self-closing type.
(jj) The floor area on the opposite or refuge side of a horizontal exit shall be sufficient to accommodate occupants of the floor areas served, allowing not less than 0.3 square metre per person. The refuge area shall be provided with exits adequate to meet the requirements of this sub-rule. At least one of the exits shall lead directly to the exterior or street.
(kk) Where there is difference in level between connected areas for horizontal exit, ramps nor more than 1 in 8 slope shall be provided. For this purpose steps shall not be used.
(ll) Doors in horizontal exits shall be openable at all times.
(mm) Ramps with a slope of not more than 1 in 10 be substituted for the requirements of staircase. For all slopes exceeding 1 in 10 and wherever the use is such as to involve danger of slipping, the ramp shall be surfaced with non-slipping material.
(nn) In any building nor provided with automatic fire alarm a manual fire alarm system shall be provided if the total capacity of the building is over 500 persons, or if more than 25 persons are employed above or below the ground floor, except that no buildings where the entire area is undivided and all parts thereof are clearly visible to all occupants.
In every factory, adequate provision of water supply for fire fighting shall be made and where the amount of water required in litres per minute, as calculated from the formula A+B+C+D divided by 20 is 550 or more, power driven trailor pumps of adequate capacity to meet the requirement of water as calculated above shall be provided and maintained.
In the above formula -
A = the total area in square metres of all floors including
galleries in all buildings of the factory
B = the total area in square metres of all floors and galleries
including open spaces in which combustible materials
are handled or stored;
C = the total area in square metres of all floors over 15
metres above ground level; and
D = the total area in square metres of all floors of all buildings
other than those of fire resisting construction.
Provided that in areas where the fire risk involved does not require use of water, such areas under B, C or D may, for the purpose of calculation, be halved.
Provided further that where the areas under B, C or D are protected by permanent automatic fire fighting installations approved by any fire association or fire insurance company, such areas may, for the purpose of calculation, be halved.
Provided also that where the factory is situated at not more than 3 kilometres from an established city or town fire service, the pumping capacity based on the amount of water arrived at by the formula above may be reduced by 25%; but no account shall be taken of this reduction in calculating water supply required under clause (a).
|Class of Fire||Suitable type of Appliances|
|A||Fires in ordinary combus-tibles (wood, vegetable fibres, paper & the like)||Chemical Extinguishers of Soda acid, Gas/expelled water and anti-freeze types, and water buckets.|
|B||Fires in flammable liquids,paints, grease, solvents and the like||Chemical Extinguishers of foam, Carbon dioxide and dry powder types and sand buckets.|
|C||Fires in gaseous substances under pressure||Chemical Extinguishers of carbon dioxide.and dry powder types|
|D||Fires in Reactive Chemicals, active metals and the like||Special type of dry powder extinguishers and sand buckets|
|E||Fires in electrical Equipments||Chemical Extinguishers of carbon dioxide.and dry powder type and sand buckets.|
|Water type Extinguishers|
|For one bucket||For three buckets||For each 9 ltrs.
(or 2 gallens) Extinguishers
|Dry sand||1 bucket||3 buckets||-|
|Carbondioxide Extinguishers||3kg (or 7 lbs.)||9kg. (or 20 lbs)
In not less than 2 extinguishers)
|9kg. (or 20 lbs)|
|Dry powder||2kg (or 5 lbs.)||5 kg. (or 11 lbs.)
In one or more extinguishers)
|5 kg. (or 11 lbs.)|
|Foam extinguishers||9 lts. (or 2 gallons)||9 lts. (or 2 gallons)||9 lts. (or 2 gallons)|
For light trailer pump of a capacity of 680 litres/minute
1 Armoured suction hose of 9 metres length, with wrenches
1 Metal suction strainer
1 Basket strainer
1 Two-way suction collecting head
1 Suction adaptor
10 Unlined or rubber lined 70 mm. delivery hose of 25 metres length complete with quick-release couplings
1 Dividing breaching-piece
2 Branch-piece with 15 mm nozzles
1 Diffuzer nozzle
1 Standpipe with blank cap
1 Hydrant key
4 Collapsible canvas buckets
1 Fire hook (preventor) with cutting edge
1 25 mm manila rope of 30 metres length
1 Extension ladder of 9 metres length (where necessary)
1 Heavy axe
1 Pick axe
1 Hurricane lamp
1 Electric torch
1 Pair rubber gloves
For large trailer pump of capacity of 1800 litres/minute
1 Armoured suction hose of 9 metres length, with wrenches
1 Metal strainer
1 Basket Strainer
1 Three-way suction collecting-head
1 Suction adaptor
14 Unlined or rubber lined 70 mm. delivery hose of 25 metres length complete with quick-release couplings
1 Dividing breaching-piece
1 Collecting breaching-piece
4 Branch pipes with one 25 mm, two 20 mm and one diffuser nozzle
2 Standpipe with blank caps
2 Hydrant keys
6 Collapsible canvas buckets
1 Coiling hook (preventor) with cutting edge
1 50 mm. manila rope of 30 metres length
1 Extension ladder of 9 metres length (where necessary)
1 Heavy axe 1 Saw
1 Spade 1 Hurricane lamp
1 Pick axe 1 Electric torch
1 Crowbar 1 Pair rubber gloves
Note :- If it appears to the Chief Inspector of Factories that in any factory the provision of breathing apparatus is necessary he may by order in writing require the occupier to provide suitable breathing apparatus in addition to the equipment for light trailer pump or large trailer pump as the case may be.
(aa) a recognised degree in any branch of engineering or technology and has had practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than 2 years; or
(bb) a recognised degree in physics or chemistry and has had practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than 5 years; or
(cc) a recognised diploma in any branch of engineering or technology and has had practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than 5 years;
shall also be eligible for appointment as a Safety Officers :
Provided that the Chief Inspector may, subject to such conditions as may specify, grant exemption from the requirements of this sub-rule, if in his opinion, a suitable person possessing the necessary qualifications and experience is not available for appointment.
Provided further that, in the case of a person who has been working as a Safety Officer for a period of not less than 3 years on the date of commencement of this rule, the Chief Inspector may, subject to such conditions as he may specify, relax all or any of the above said qualifications.
The duties of a Safety Officer shall be to advise and assist the factory management in the fulfilment of its obligations, statutory or otherwise, concerning prevention of personal injuries and maintaining a safe working environment. These duties shall include the following, namely -
No building, wall, chimney, bridge, tunnel, road, gallery, stairway, ramp, floor, platform, staging, or other structure, whether of a permanent or temporary character, shall be constructed, situated or maintained in any factory in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.
No machinery, plant or equipment shall be constructed, situated, operated or maintained in any factory in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury
No process or work shall be carried in any factory in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.
No materials or equipment shall be stacked or stored in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.
This rule shall apply to ovens and driers, except those used in laboratories or kitchens of any establishment and those, which have a capacity below 325 litres.
For the purpose of this Rule, oven or drier means any enclosed structure, receptacle, compartment or box, which is used for baking, drying or otherwise processing of any article or substance at a temperature higher than the ambient temperature of the air in the room or space in which the oven or drier is situated, and in which a flammable substance is likely to be evolved within the enclosed structure, receptacle, compartment or box or part thereof on account of the article or substance which is baked, dried or otherwise processed within it.
Electrical power supplied to every oven or drier shall be by means of a separate circuit provided with an isolation switch.
In each oven or drier efficient inter-locking arrangements shall be provided and maintained to ensure that
Every oven or drier heated by oil, gas, steam or electrically shall be provided with an efficient arrangement for automatic pre ventilation consisting of at least 3 volume changes with fresh air by operation of safety ventilation fans and the circulating fans (if used) so as to effect purging of the oven or drier of any mixture of air and a flammable substance before the heating system can be activated and before the conveyor can be placed in position.
Every oven or drier shall be provided with an automatic arrangement to ensure that the temperature within does not exceed a safe upper present limit to be decided in respect of the particular processing being carried on.
Wherever materials are to be processed in ovens or driers in successive operations, suitable arrangement should be provided to ensure that the operating temperatures necessary for safe operation at each stage are maintained within the design limits.
Effective arrangements shall be provided in every oven or drier to prevent dripping of combustible substances on electric heaters or burner flame used for heating.
No person shall be assigned any task connected with operation of any oven or drier unless he has completed 18 years of age and he is properly trained.
This rule shall apply as respects work carried out in any of the operations as defined in sub-rule (2)
In this rule unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context –
Explanation.- Flash point where ever it occurs in this rule shall be flash point as determined by Abel Closed Cup or Pensky-Marten Closed Cup procedures as described in I.S. 1448-1960.
For the purpose of this definition the expression “oil” means oil of any description whether or not oil within the meaning of foregoing definition of that expression;
Access and staging
All main gangways giving general access to a vessel in a shipyard, whether from the ground or from a wharf or quay, and all cross gangways leading from such a main gangway on to the vessel, shall –
Where there is a gangway leading on to a bulwark of a vessel there shall be provided -
(aa) as near its upper resting place as possible, or
(bb) where this is impracticable, at its base, or where such fixing is impracticable a person shall be stationed at the base of the ladder when in use to prevent it from slipping; and
Planks supported on the rungs of ladders shall not be used to support stages.
All planks forming a rising stage at the bow end of a vessel shall be securely fastened to prevent them from slipping.
Without prejudice to the other provisions of these sub-rules, all stages shall be of sufficient width as is reasonable in all the circumstances of the case to secure the safety of the persons working thereon.
Further precautions against fall of persons, materials and articles
Where workers are at work outside a vessel on a stage adjacent to part of the structure of the vessel and other workers are at work directly beneath that stage, the planks of the stage shall be in such a position that no article liable to cause injury to the workers can fall between the planks, and the inside plank of the stage shall be placed as near as practicable to the structure of the vessel having regard to the nature of the work being carried on.
So far as practicable, steps shall be taken to minimise the risk arising from loose articles or materials being left lying about in any place from which they may fall on workers or persons passing underneath.
Raising and lowering
Every lifting machine and all lifting tackle shall be adequately and suitable supported or suspended having regard to the purpose for which it is used.
No wire rope shall be used if in any length of ten diameters the total number of visible broken wires exceeds five percent of the total number of wires, or if the rope shows signs of excessive wear or corrosion or other serious defect.
A thimble or loop slice made in any wire rope shall have at least three tucks with a whole strand of the rope and two tucks with one half of the wires cut out of each strand. All tucks shall be against the lay of the rope.
Provided that this sub-rule shall not operate to prevent the use of another form of splice which can be shown to be as efficient as the form of splice specified in this sub-rule.
Provided that this does not exclude the use of a chain bolted or joined to another chain by an approved and properly constructed attachment.
Appropriate steps shall be taken to prevent, so far as practicable, the use of chains or ropes for raising or lowering in circumstances in which they are in or liable to come into contact with sharp edges of plant, materials or loads, or with sharp edges of any part of the vessel on which work is being carried out.
No load shall be left suspended from a lifting appliance other than a self-sustaining, manually operated lifting appliance unless there is a competent person in charge of the appliance while the load is so left.
Where there is reason to believe that a load being lifted or lowered on a lifting appliance weighs more than 20 tonnes its weight shall be ascertained by means of an accurate weighing machine or by the estimation of a person competent for the purpose, and shall be clearly marked on the load:
Provided that this sub-rule shall not apply to any load lifted or lowered by a crane which has either a fixed or a derricking jib and which is fitted with an approved type of indicator in good working order which-
Precautions against asphyxiation,
injurious fumes or explosions
A space shall not be certified under section 36(3) (a) of the Act unless -
Provided that no account shall be taken for the purposes of clause (b) of this sub-rule of any deposit or other material liable to give off dangerous fumes in insignificant quantities only.
No person shall enter or remain in any confined space in a vessel, being a confined space in which there is reason to apprehend that the proportion of oxygen in the air is so low as to involve risk of persons being overcome, unless either –
Provided that this clause shall not apply as respects a generator in the open air or on board a vessel which, since it was last charged, has been thoroughly cleaned and freed from any calcium carbide and acetylene gas.
Provided that where, owing to the nature of the work, it is impracticable to comply with the foregoing requirements of this clause, the pipes or hoses shall be disconnected from cylinders, generators or gas mains, as the case may be.
Provided that a naked light, fire or lamp of a kind specified in writing by a competent analyst may be applied to, or be in, or any hot work of a type specified by him carried on, any part of the tanker so specified;
(aa) to be in any oil tanker on board or in a vessel in which oil-tank the oil last carried was oil having a flash point of less than 23 degrees centigrade or was liquid butane, nor any hot work permitted to be carried out in any such oil tank or vessel, unless a naked light certificate has previously been obtained on the same day and is in force in respect of that oil tank and of any oil tank, compartment or space adjacent thereto;
(bb) to be applied to the outer surface of any oil-tank on board or in a vessel in which oil-tank the oil last carried was such oil as aforesaid nor any work of such a nature which is likely to produce sufficient heat capable of igniting flammable gases or vapours permitted to be carried out on the outer surface of such oil-tank or vessel, unless a naked light certificate has previously been obtained on the same day and is in force in respect of that oil-tank;
(cc) to be applied to the outer surface of, or to be in, any compartment or space adjacent to an oil-tank on board or in a vessel in which oil-tank the oil last carried was such oil as aforesaid, nor any hot work permitted to be carried out in such compartment or space as aforesaid, nor any work of such nature which is likely to produce sufficient heat capable of igniting flammable gases or vapours, permitted to be carried out on the outer surface of such compartment or space, unless a naked light certificate has previously been obtained on the same day and is in force in respect of that compartment or space:
Provided that where in any such case referred to in paragraphs (aa) (bb) or (cc) of this sub-clause a competent analyst has certified that daily naked light certificate are unnecessary or are necessary only to a specified extent, such a daily certificate need not be obtained or, as the case may be, need only be obtained to the specified extent;
Any naked light certificate or certificate of entry may be issued subject to a condition that it shall not remain in force after a time specified in the certificate.
Every occupier for whom a naked light certificate or a certificate of entry is obtained shall ensure that the certificate or a duplicate thereof is posted as soon as may be and remains posted in a position where it may conveniently read by all persons concerned.
(aa) all covers of manholes and other openings therein shall be removed and it shall be thoroughly ventilated by mechanical or other efficient means with a view to the removal of all oil vapour; and then
(bb) the interior surfaces, if any deposit remains thereon, shall be washed or scraped down.
If the Chief Inspector is satisfied, by reasons of the nature of the work and the circumstances in which it is carried out, that any provisions of sub-rules (33) to (45) or part there of can be suspended or relaxed without danger to the health or safety of any person, he may grant suspension or relaxation in writing specifying such conditions as he may consider fit. Any such suspension or relaxation may be revoked at any time.
Precautions in use of electrical energy
Electrical energy other than that generated by an independent generating unit on board shall not be taken for use, or used in, or in connection with any of the operations unless that body of the ship is securely earthed in such a manner as to ensure an immediate and safe discharge of energy to the earth. A ship or vessel shall not be considered as securely earthed for the purpose of this sub-rule only on account of it being partly submerged in water.
Electrical energy shall be cut off from all portable electric tools and manual electrode holders within any tank, compartment or space referred to in sub-rules (34) and (40) or in any other confined space during all times when such tools or holders are not in operations:
Provided that for determining whether any such portable electric tool or electrode holder is not in operation, no account shall be taken of brief interruptions of work occurring during normal working.
Provided further that energy may not be cut off from any such equipment if a responsible person is left in charge of it in such tank, compartment or space concerned.
Provided further that cutting of all electrical energy by operation of any switch or control provided on the portable tool or electrodes itself should not be taken as fulfilling the requirement of this sub-rule.
Miscellaneous safety provisions
All parts of a vessel and all other places where the operations are being carried on, and all approaches to such parts and to places to which a worker may be required to proceed in the course of his employment, shall be sufficiently and suitably lighted. In provided such lighting, due regard shall be given to avoidance of glare and formation of shadows, to the safety of the vessel and cargo, of the navigation of other vessels, and to any local statutory requirements as to the lighting of the harbour or dock.
The hatch beams of any hatch in use for the operations shall, if not removed, be adequately secured to prevent their displacement.
Bolts which have been jumped-up and re-screwed shall not be used for securing plates on the sides of vessels, and no worker shall use such bolts for this purpose.
Adequate protection for the hands shall be available for all workers when using cutting or welding apparatus to which oxygen or any flammable gas or vapour is supplied at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure or when engaged in machine caulking or machine riveting or in transporting or stacking plates or in handling plates at machines.
Suitable goggles or effective screens shall be provided to protect the eyes of all workers in any of the following processes –
When workers are employed in areas where there is danger of falling objects they shall be provided with suitable safety helmets.
Health and welfare
No young person shall be employed in
there shall be provided and maintained in good order and in clean condition a properly constructed ambulance room containing at least the equipment prescribed in the rules framed under section 45 of the Act. The room shall be used only for the purpose of treatment and rest and shall be in the charge of a suitably qualified person who shall always be readily available during working hours, and record shall be kept of all cases of accident or sickness treated at the room.
Training and Supervision
In the case of every shipyard other than a dry dock available for hire, being a shipyard where the number of workers regularly or from time to time exceeds five hundred, a person experienced in the work of such yards shall be appointed and employed exclusively to exercise general supervision of the observance of these rules and to promote the safe conduct of the work generally.
No person shall be permitted to be upon (whether inside or outside) any locomotive, wagon or after rolling stock except where secure foothold and handhold are provided.
Loose-shunting shall be permitted only when it cannot be avoided. It shall never be performed on a wagon not accompanied by a man capable of applying and pinning down the brakes. A wagon not provided with brakes in good working order and capable of being easily pinned down shall not be loose shunted unless there is attached to it at least another wagon with such brakes. Loose-shunting shall not be performed with, or against a wagon containing passengers, live stock or explosives.
Fly-shunting shall not be permitted on any factory railway.
The hand signals used by the shunting jamadar by day and night shall be those prescribed by the shunting rules of railways, working under the Indian Railway Act (IX of 1890).
(aa) from centre to centre of parallel tracks, the overall width of the widest wagon of that guage plus twice the width of the door of such a wagon when opened directly outward plus 1 metre.
(bb) from a building or structure other than a loading platform to the centre of the nearest track, half the overall width of the widest wagon of that guage, plus the width of its door when opened outward, plus 1.5 metres.
(cc) from material stacked or deposited alongside the track, on the ground or on a loading platform, to the centre of the widest wagon of that guage, plus half the width of its door when opened directly outward, plus 1 metre.
Existing Rule 79 be substituted by the following new Rule:-
There shall be a Safety Committee.
Where owing to the size of the factory, or any other reason, the functions referred to in sub-rule (7) cannot be effectively carried out by the Safety Committee, it may establish sub-committees as may be required to assist it.
All Personal Protective Equipment provided to workers as required under any of the provisions of the Act or the Rules shall conform to the relevant Indian Standards.
The Inspector may, having regard to the nature of the hazards involved in work and process being carried out, order the occupier or the manager in writing to supply to the workers exposed to particular hazard any personal protective equipment as may be found necessary.
Rules prescribed under Section 41-A sub-section (1) read with Section 112.
2.1) Revenue details of site such as Survey No. Plot No. etc.
2.2) Whether the site is classified as forest and if so, whether approval of the Central Government under Section 5 of the Indian Forests Act, 1927 has been taken.
2.3) Whether the proposed site attracts the provisions of Section 3(2) (v) of the E.P.Act, 1986, if so, the nature of the restrictions.
2.4) Local authority under whose jurisdiction the site is located.
3.1) Site Plan with clear identification of boundaries and total area proposed to be occupied and showing the following details nearby the proposed site.
3.2) Details of soil conditions and depth at which hard strata obtained.
3.3) Contour map of the area showing nearby hillocks and difference in levels.
3.4) Plot Plan of the factory showing the entry and exit points, roads ithin, water drains, etc.
4.1) A summary of the salient features of the Projects.
4.2) Status of the organisation (Government, Semi Government, Public or Private etc.)
4.3) Maximum number of persons likely to be working in the factory.
4.4) Maximum amount of power and water requirements and source of their supply.
4.5) Block diagram of the buildings and installations, in the proposed supply.
4.6) Details of housing colony, hospital, school and other infrastructural facilities proposed.
5.1) Organisation diagrams of –
5.2) Proposed Health and Safety Policy.
5.3) Area allocated for treatment of wastes and effluent.
5.4) Percentage outlay on safety, health and environment protection measures.
6.1) Average, minimum and maximum of
6.2) Seasonal variations of wind direction
6.3) Highest water level reached during the floods in the area recorded so far.
6.4) Lightning and seismic data of the area.
7.1) Availability of telephone/telex/wireless and other communication facilities for outside communication.
7.2) Internal communication facilities proposed
8.1) Process flow diagram
8.2) Brief write-up on process and technology
8.3) Critical process parameters such as pressure buildup temperature rise and run-away reactions
8.4) Other external effects critical to the process having safety implications, such as ingress of moisture or water, contact with incompatible substances, sudden power failure.
8.5) Highlights of the built-in safety/pollution control devices or measures/incorporated in the manufacturing technology.
9.1) Raw materials, intermediates, products and by-products and their quantities (Enclose Material Safety Data Sheet in respect of each hazardous substance)
9.2) Main and intermediate storages proposed for raw materials/intermediates/products/by-products (maximum quantities to be stored at any time).
9.3) Transportation methods to be used for materials inflow and outflow, their quantities and likely routes to be followed
9.4)Safety measures proposed for:
10.1) Major Pollutants (gas, liquid, solid) their characteristics and quantities (average and at peak loads)
10.2) Quality and quantity of solid wastes generated, method of their treatment and disposal
10.3) Air, water and soil pollution problems anticipated and the proposed measures to control the same, including treatment and disposal of effluents.
11.1) Enclose a copy of the report on environmental impact assessment
11.2) Enclose a copy of the report on Risk Assessment study.
11.3) Published (open or classified) reports, if any, on accident situations/occupational health
hazards or similar plants elsewhere (within or outside the country)
12.1) Details of fire fighting facilities and minimum quantity of water, CO2 and or other fire fighting measures needed to meet the emergencies
12.2) Details of in-house medical facilities proposed
13.1) Onsite emergency plan
13.2) Proposed arrangements, if any, for mutual aid scheme with the group of neighbouring factories
I certify that the information furnished above is correct to the best of my knowledge and nothing of importance has been concealed while furnishing it.
Name and Signature of the Applicant
|Manufacturer’s Name||Supplier’s Name|
|Street Address||Street Address|
|Postal Code||Emergency Telephone No.||Postal Code||Emergency Telephone No.|
|Chemical Name||Chemical Identity Trade Name and Synonyms||Product Use|
|Hazardous Ingredients||Approximate Concentration %||C.A.S. or UN Numbers||LD 50 (Specify Species and Route)||LC 50 (Specify Species and Route)|
|Physical State--Gas -- Liquid -- Solid||Odour and Apperance||Odour Threshold (p.p.m)||Specific Gravity|
|Vapour Pressure||Vapour density(Air=1)||Evaporation Rate||Boiling point (oC)||Freezing (oC)|
|Solubility in water (200C)||pH||Density (g/ml)||Coefficient of water / oil distribution|
|Flammability||Yes||No.||If yes, under what conditions|
|Means of Extinction|
|Flash Point (ºC)|
Limit (% by Volume)
Limit (% by Volume)
|Sensitivity to Static|
|Chemical Stability||Yes||No.||If no, under what conditions|
|Incompatibility to other substances||Yes||No.||If yes, which ones|
|Reactivity and under what conditions|
|Hazardous Decomposition Products|
|Material Name / Identifier|
|Route of Entry|
|Skin contact||Skin Absorption||Eye Contact|
|Inhalation Acute||Inhalation Chronic||Ingestion|
|Effects of Acute Exposure to Material|
|Effects of Chronic Exposure to Material|
|Exposure Limit(s)||Irritancy of Material|
|Sensitization to Material||Carcinogenicity, Reproductive Effects, Teratogenicity, Mutagenicity|
|Personal Protective Equipment|
|Gloves (specify)||Respiratory (specify)||Eyes (specify)|
|Footwear (specify)||Clothing (specify)||Other (specify)|
|Engineering Controls (e.g. ventilation, enclosed process, etc.) Please specify|
|Leak and Spill Procedures|
|Handling Procedures and Equipment|
|Special Shipping Information|
|Prepared by (Group, Department, etc.)||(Phone No.)||Date|
Flammability Classification by United Nations.
The occupier of every factory carrying on a ‘hazardous process’ shall furnish the following information in writing to the local authority having jurisdiction over the area in which the factory is situated –
The occupier of a factory carrying on a hazardous process, shall intimate the District Emergency Authority designated by the State Government, all information having a bearing on preparation of an on-site emergency plan and a disaster control and management plan in respect of the factory.
Without prejudice to the generality of this clause, the occupier shall furnish the District Emergency Authority the following:
The occupier of a factory carrying on ‘hazardous process’ shall disclose all information needed for protecting safety and health of the workers and the general public in the neighbourhood –
as required under Rules 82-D, 82-G, and 82-H. if the occupier is of the opinion that the disclosure of details regarding the process and formulations will adversely affect his business interests, he may make a representation to the Chief Inspector stating the reasons for withholding such information. The Chief Inspector shall give an opportunity to the occupier of being heard and pass an order on the representation.
An occupier aggrieved by an order of Chief Inspector may prefer an appeal before the State Government within a period of 30 days. The State Government shall give an opportunity to the occupier of being heard and pass an order. The order of the State Government shall be final.
Rules framed under Sections 41-B, 41-C and 112 – specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous process.
Provided that –
Provided that a factory employing less than 200 workers, may make arrangements for procuring such facility at short notice from a nearby hospital or other places, to meet any emergency.
(v) Emergency Medicines
In every factory, carrying out ‘hazardous process’, the following provisions shall be made to meet emergency :-
|No. of persons employed at any time||No. of drenching showers|
|(i)||Upto 50 workers||2|
|(ii)||Between 51 to 200 workers||2 + 1 for every additional 50 or part thereof.|
|(iii)||Between 201 to 500 workers||5 + 1 for every additional 100 or part thereof.|
|(iv)||501 workers and above||8 + 1 for every additional 200 or part thereof.|
The experience stipulated above shall be in process operation and maintenance in the Chemical Industry.
For the purpose of compliance with the requirements of sub-sections (1) (4) and (7) of Section 41-B or 41-C the Chief Inspector may, if deemed necessary, issue guidelines from time to time to the occupiers of factories carrying on ‘hazardous process’. Such guidelines may be based on National Standards, Codes of Practice, or recommendations of International Bodies such as ILO and WHO.
(2) The building in which the crèche is situated shall be soundly constructed and all the walls and roof shall be of suitable heat resisting materials and shall be water-proof. The floor and internal walls of the creche shall be so laid or finished as to provide a smooth impervious surface.
Provided that the Chief Inspector may by order in writing exempt any factory from compliance with this sub-rule if he is satisfied that there is not sufficient space available for the provision of such a play-ground.
At least a quarter litre of clean pure milk shall be available for each child on every day on every day it is accommodated in the creche and the mother of such a child shall be allowed in the course of her daily work ........................intervals of at least........................to feed the child. For children above two years of age there shall be provided in addition an adequate supply of wholesome refreshment.
The creche staff shall be provided with suitable clean clothes for use while on duty in the creche.
Provided that the State Government may, by notification in the official gazette, grant exemption from the provisions of clause (b) in suitable cases till such time better facilities in the matter of training in social science are available.
Provided further that, in the case of a person who is acting as a Welfare Officer at the commencement of these rules, the State Government may, subject to such conditions as it may specify, relax all or any of the aforesaid qualifications.
Provided that, in the case of discharge or dismissal, the Welfare Officer shall have a right of appeal to the State Government whose decision thereon shall be final and binding upon the occupier.
Rules prescribed under sub-section (2) of Section 53
Provided that, if the Chief Inspector of Factories is of the opinion that any muster roll or register maintained as part of the routine of the factory or return made by the manager, gives in respect of any or all of the workers in the factory the particulars required for the enforcement of section 52, he may, by order in writing, direct that such muster roll or register or return shall, to the corresponding extent, be maintained in place of and be treated as the register or return required under this rule for that factory.
Muster role prescribed under sub-section (5) of section 59
The manager of every factory in which workers are exempted under section 64 or 65 from the provisions of section 51 or 54 shall keep a muster roll in Form 15 showing the normal piece work rate of pay, or the rate of pay per hour, of all exempted employees. In this muster roll shall be correctly entered the overtime hours of work and payments therefor of all exempted workers. The muster roll shall always be available for inspection.
Notice prescribed under sub section (8) of section 61
The notice of periods of work for adult workers shall be in Form 16.
Register prescribed under sub-section(2) of section 62.
The register of adult workers shall be in Form 17.
Rules 106 to 109 prescribed under section 64.
The following persons shall be deemed to hold positions of supervision or management :
All timekeepers employed in a factory within the meaning of sub-section (1) of section 2 shall be deemed to be employed in a confidential position in the factory.
A list showing the names and designations of all persons to whom the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 64 have been applied shall be maintained in every factory.
Adult workers engaged in factories specified in column 2 of the schedule hereto annexed on the work specified in column 3 of the said schedule shall be exempted from the provisions of the sections specified in the column 4 subject to the conditions, if any, specified in column 5 of the said schedule.
Section of the Act empowering grant
Nature of exempted work
Extent of exemption
64(2) (a) and 64(3)
Section 51,53,54,5,56 and 61
(i) No worker shall be employed on such repairs for more than
15 hours on any one day, 39 hours during any three consecutive
days, or 66 hours during each period of seven consecutive days commencing from his first employment on such repairs.
(ii) Within 24 hours of the commencement of the work, notice shall be sent to the Inspector describing the nature of the urgent repairs and the period probably required for their completion.
(iii) Exemption from the provisions of section 54 shall apply only in the case of adult male workers.
64(2)(b) and 64(3) shop, the smithy
Sections 51, 54, 55, 56 and (4) of section 64.
- do -
The limits of work inclusive of overtime shall not exceed those mentioned in sub-section 61
- do -
64(2)(c) and 64(3)
Sections 51,54,55 and 61
- do -
64(2)(d) and 64(3)
(i)Oil tank installations
Work performed by workers connected with pumping operations
Sections 51, 52,54,55,56 and 61
In the absence of a worker who has failed to report for duty, a shift worker shall be allowed to work the whole or of a subsequent shift provided that –
(i) the next shift of the shift worker shall not commence before a period of 16 hours has elapsed;
(ii) within 24 hours of the commencement of the subsequent shift, notice shall be sent to the Inspector describing the circumstances under which the worker is required to work in the subsequent shift;
(iii)the exemption will be restricted to only male adult workers; and
(iv) the limits of work inclusive of overtime shall not exceed those mentioned in sub-section (4) of section 64.
(2) Public hydro electric supply factories.
Operation and maintenance of Prime movers and auxiliaries, transformers and switches.
Sections 52, 54 and 55
- do -
(3)Public electric supply companies generating electricity from oil in internal combustion engines.
Work of engine drivers and assistants, generator attendants, boilers and greasers, switch board operators and pumpmen
- do -
- do -
(4)Electrical transforming factories
Work of operation and maintenance of
plant, switches and
- do -
- do -
Work on the extraction of sugar from various bases,
sugar juice and
- do -
- do -
(6) Sugar factories
Extraction of the
juice from the cane,clarification, evaporation and boiling of the juice; curing of the massecuite; and bagging.
- do -
- do -
(7) Chemicals factories
Work on the sulphur burners, chambers, concentraters, and pumps; roasting furnaces, manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric acid, sulphates, sulphides, nitrates, superphosphates and chlorides; and work on the steam service
- do -
- do -
(8)Vegetable hydrogenation factories
Work on refining, bleaching, filtering,
generation of hydrogen; hydrogenating; deodorizing processes; compression of oxygen and cylinder filling; and work on the electrical power plant.
- do -
- do -
Work on the engine and compressor drivers and assistants and oilers.
- do -
- do -
Sections 54 and 55
- do -
Sections 52 and 55.
- do -
(a)Work in attending to furnace.
- do -
- do -
(b)All work and processes from mixing of batch to removal of the manufactured glassware from the lears.
- do -
Section 54 and 55
- do -
(b)Work on choppers, digesters, kneaders,
strainers and washers, beaters, paper-making machines, pumping plant reelers, cutters and power plant.
Sections 52,54 and 55
- do -
All work on curing process.
- do -
(15)Iron and steel
All work on steel furnaces
Sections 51,52,54 55 and 56
- do -
(16) All factories
Work on automatic equipment engaged in galvanizing, anodising and ename>
Sections 51,52,54,55,56 and 58.
(i)Newspaper printing factories
Sections 51, 54 and 56
- do -
Loading and unloading of railway wagons, Lorries or trucks
Sections 51, 52, 54, 55 and 56
- do -
Any factory or> be notified by the State Government in the Official Gazette.
Work of national importance as may be notified by the State Government in the Official Gazette.
Sections 51, 52,54,55,56 and 58
The notice of periods of work for child workers shall be in Form 18.
The register of child workers shall be in Form 19.
The manager shall keep a register in Form 20 hereinafter called the register of leave with wages:
Provided that if the Chief Inspector is of the opinion that any and muster roll or register maintained as part of the routine of the factory, or return made by the manager, gives, in respect of any or all of the workers in the factory, the particulars required for the enforcement of Chapter VIII of the Act, he may, by order, in writing, direct that such muster roll or register shall, to the corresponding extent, be maintained in place of and be traced as the register or return required under this rule in respect of that factory.
(2)The register of leave with wages shall be preserved for a period of three years after the last entry in it and shall be produced before the Inspector on demand.
Provided that in the case of a worker who is discharged or dismissed from service during the course of the year, that is, who is covered under sub-section (3) of section 79 of the Act, the manager shall issue an abstract from the register of leave with wages (Form 20) within a week from the date of discharge or dismissal as the case may be.
If any worker is absent from work and it appears that his absence is due to illness, he shall, if so required by his manager by a notice in writing, submit a medical certificate signed by a registered medical practitioner or by a registered or recognised vaid or hakim stating the cause of the absence and the period for which the worker is, in the opinion of such medical practitioner, vaid or hakim, unable to attend to his work.
The manager shall give, as soon as possible, a notice to the Inspector of every case of involuntary unemployment of workers, giving numbers of unemployed and the reason for their unemployment. Entries to this effect shall be made in the register of leave with wages and the leave book in respect of each worker concerned.
Before or on the completion of a period of twelve months continuous service in the factory, as defined in section 79, a worker may give notice to the manager of his intention not to avail himself of holidays falling due in the following period of twelve months. The manager shall make an entry to that effect in the register of leave with wages and in the leave book of the worker concerned.
If a worker dies before he resumes work, the balance of his pay due for the period of holidays shall be paid to his nominee within one week of the intimation of the death of the worker. For this purpose each worker shall submit a nomination in Form 22 duly signed by himself and attested by two witnesses. The nomination shall remain in force until it is cancelled or revised by another nomination.
Rule prescribed under sections 88 and 88A
Provided that if in the case of an accident or dangerous occurrence, death occurs of any person injured by such accident or dangerous occurrence after the notices and reports referred to in the foregoing sub-rules have been sent, the manager of the factory shall forth with send a notice thereof by telephone, special messenger or telegram to the authorities and persons mentioned in sub-rules (1) and (2) and also have this information confirmed in writing within 12 hours of the death.
Provided further that, if the period of disability from working for 48 hours or more referred to in sub-rule(4) does not occur immediately following the accident, or the dangerous occurrence, but later, or occurs in more than one spell, the report referred to shall be sent to the Inspector in the prescribed Form 25 within 24 Hours immediately following the hours when the actual total period of disability from working resulting from the accident or the dangerous occurrence becomes 48 hours.
A notice in Form 27 should be sent forthwith both to the Chief Inspector and to the Certifying Surgeon, by the manager of factory in which there occurs a case of lead, phosphorus, mercury, manganese, arsenic, carbon bisulphide or benzene poisoning; or of poisoning by nitrous fumes or by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series; or of chrome ulceration, anthrax, silicosis, toxic anaemia, toxic jaundice, primary epitheliomatous cancer of the skin, of pathological manifestations due to radium or other radio-active substances or X-rays.
Rule prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 107
123. Procedure in appeals
(1) and appeal presented under section 107 shall lie with the Chief Inspector or in cases where the order appealed against is an order passed by that officer, with the State Government or with such authority as the State Government as the State Government may appoint in this behalf and shall be in the form of a memorandum setting forth concisely the grounds of objection to the order and bearing court-fees stamp in accordance with Article 11 of Schedule II to the Court-fees Act, 1870, and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed against.
(2) On receipt of the memorandum of appeal, the appellate authority shall, if it thinks fit or if the appeallant has requested that the appeal should be heard with the aid of assessors, call upon the body declared under sub-rule (3) to be representative of the industry concerned, to appoint an assessor within a period of 14 days. If an assessor is nominated by such body, the appellate authority shall appoint a second assessor itself. It shall then fix a date for the hearing of the appeal and shall give due notice of such date to the appeallant and to the Inspector whose order is appealed against, and shall call upon the two assessors to appear upon such date to assist in the hearing of the appeal.
(3) The appellant shall state in the memorandum presented under sub-rule (1) whether he is a member of one or more of the following bodies. The body empowered to appoint the assessor shall :
(4) An assessor appointed in accordance with the provisions of sub-rules 2 and 3 shall receive, for the bearing of the appeal, a fee to be fixed by the appellate authority, subject to a maximum of Rs.............. per diem. He shall also receive the actual travelling expenses. The fees and travelling expenses shall be paid to the assessors by State Government, but where assessors have been appointed at the request of the appellant and the appeal has been decided wholly or partly against him the appellate authority may direct that the fees and travelling expenses of the assessors shall be paid in whole or in part by the appellant.
Rule prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 108
124. Display of notices
The abstract of the Act and of the rules required to be displayed in every factory shall be in Form 28.
Rule prescribed under section 110
The manager of every factory shall furnish to the Inspector or other officer appointed by the State Government in this behalf, following returns in the form and within the due dates specified below :-
(a) annual return in Form 29 , in duplicate , on or before the 31st January of each year; and
(b) half-yearly return in Form 30, in duplicate, on or before the 15th July of each year.
Rule prescribed under section 109
126. Service of notices
The despatch by post under registered cover of any notice or order shall be deemed sufficient service on the occupier, owner or manager of a factory of such notice or order.
Rules 127 to 132 prescribed under section 112
127. Information required by the Inspector
The occupier , owner or manager of a factory shall furnish any information that an Inspector may require for the purpose of satisfying himself whether any provision of the Act has been complied with or whether any order of an Inspector has been duly carried out. Any demand by an Inspector for any such information, if made, during the course of any inspection, shall be complied forthwith if the information is available in the factory, or, if made in writing, shall be complied with within seven days of receipt thereof.
128. Permissible levels of certain chemical substances in work environment
Without prejudice to the requirements in any other provisions in the Act or the Rules, the requirements as specified in this Schedule shall apply to all factories.
1. Definitions : for the purpose of this schedule -
(a) “mg/m3” means milligrams of a substances per cubic metre of air;
(b) “mppem” means million particles of a substance per cubic metre of air;
(c) “ppm” means parts of vapour or gas per million parts of air by volume at 25 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury pressure;
(d) ”Time weighted average concentration” means the average concentration of a substance in the air at any work location in a factory computed from evaluation of adequate number of air samples taken at that location, spread over the entire shift on any day, after giving weightage to the duration for which each such sample is collected and the concentration prevailing at the time of taking the sample.
Time weighted average C1T1 + C2T2 + ........CnTn
concentration = ------------------------------------
T1 + T2 +.........Tn
Where C1 represents the concentration of the substance for duration T1 (in hours);
C2 represents the concentration of the substance for duration T2 (in hours); and
Cn represents the concentration of the substance for duration Tn (in hours).
(e) “Work location” means a location in a factory at which a worker works or may be required to work at any time during any shift on any day.
2. Limits of concentration of substances at work location.- (1) The time weighted average concentration of any substance listed in table 1 or 2 of the schedule, at any work location in a factory during any shift on any day shall not exceed the limit of the permissible time weighted average concentration specified in respect of that substance:
Provided that in the case of a substance mentioned in Table 1 in respect of which a limit in terms of short term maximum concentration is indicated, the concentration of such a substance may exceed the permissible limit of the time weighted average concentration for the substance for short periods not exceeding 15 minutes at a time, subject to the condition that-
(a) such periods during which the concentration exceeds the prescribed time weighted average concentration are restricted to not more than 4 per shift;
(b) the time interval between any two such periods of higher exposure shall not be less than 60 minutes; and
(c) at no time the concentration of the substance in the air shall exceed the limit of short term maximum concentration.
2. In the case of any substance given in Table 3, the concentration of the substance at any work location in a factory at any time during any day shall not exceed the limit of exposure for that substance specified in the table.
3. In the cases where the word “skin” has been indicated against certain substance mentioned in Tables 1 and 3, appropriate measures shall be taken to prevent absorption through cutaneous routes particularly skin, mucous membranes, and eyes as the limits specified in these Tables are for conditions where the exposure is only through respiratory tract.
4. (a) In case, the air at any work location contains a mixture of such substances mentioned in Table 1,2 or 3, which have similar toxic properties, the time weighted concentration of each of these substances during the shift should be such that when these time weighted concentration divided by the respective permissible time weighted average concentration specified in the above mentioned tables, and the fractions obtained are added together, the total shall not exceed unity.
i.e. C1+ C2+ Cnshould not exceed unity
L1 L2 Ln
Where C1 ,C2 .......... Cn are the time weighted concentration of toxic substances 1,2,..........and n respectively, determined after measurement at work location;
and L1,L2 .........Ln are the permissible time weighted average concentration of the toxic substances 1,2,.....and n respectively.
(b) In case the air at any work location contains a mixture of substances, mentioned in Table 1,2,3 and these do not have similar toxic properties, then the time weighted concentration of each of these substances shall not exceed the permissible time weighted average concentration specified in the above mentioned tables, for that particular substance.
(c) The requirement in clauses (a) and (b) shall be in addition to the requirements in paragraphs 2 (1) and 2(2).
3. Sampling and evaluation procedures.-
(1) Notwithstanding provisions in any other paragraphs, the sampling and evaluation procedures to be adopted for checking compliance with the provisions in the schedule shall be as per standard procedures in vogue from time to time.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions in paragraph 5, the following conditions regarding the sampling and evaluation procedures relevant to checking compliance with the provisions in the schedule are specified.
(a) For determination of the number of particles per cubic metre in item 1 (a)(i)(1) in Table 2, samples are to be collected by standard or midget impinger and the counts made by light-field technique.
(b) The percentage of quartz in the 3 formulae given in item 1(a)(i) of Table 2 is to be determined from air borne samples.
(c) For determination of number of fibres as specified in item 2(a) of Table 2, the membrane filter method at 430 x magnification (4mm objective) with phase contrast illumination should be used.
(d) Both for determination of concentration and percentage of quartz for use of the formula given in item 1(a)(i)(2) of Table 2, the fraction passing through a size-selector with the following characteristics should only be considered.
Aerodynamic diameter Percentage allowed
(unit density sphere) by size-selector
5. Power to require assessment of concentration of substances.-(1)An Inspector may, by an order in writing, direct the occupier or manager of a factory to get before any specified date, the assessment of the time weighted average concentration at any work location of any of the substances mentioned in Table 1,2 or 3 carried out.
(2) The results of such assessment as well as the method followed for air sampling and analysis for such assessment shall be sent to the Inspector within 3 days from the date of completion of such assessment and also a record of the same kept readily available for inspection by an Inspector.
6. Exemption.- If in respect of any factory or a part of a factory, the Chief Inspector is satisfied that, by virtue of the pattern of working time of the workers at different work locations or an account of other circumstances, no worker is exposed, in the air at the work locations, to a substance or substances specified in Tables 1,2 or 3 to such an extent as is likely to be injurious to his health, he (the Chief Inspector) may by an order in writing, exempt the factory or a part of the factory from the requirements in paragraph 2, subject to such conditions, if any, as he may specify therein.
TABLE - 1
|Substance||Permissible limits of exposure|
|Time-weighted average concentration||Short-term maximum concentration|
|Arsenic & compounds (as)||-||0.2||-||-|
|2 Butanene Methylethyl Ketone – MEK||200||590||300||885|
|Cadmium-dust and salts (as Cd)||-||0.05||-||0.2|
|Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene)||0.1||0.4||-||-|
|Chlorobenzene (mono chloro- benzene)||75||350||-||-|
|Chromic acid andchromates (as Cr.)||-||0.05||-||-|
|Chromium, Sel-Chromic, Chromous salts (as Cr)||-||0.5||-||-|
|Cotton dust, raw||-||0.2||-||0.6|
|Cresol, all isomers-skin||5||22||-||-|
|Cyanides, (as CN)-skin||-||5||-||-|
|Dinitrobenzene (all isomers) skin||0.15||1||0.5||3|
|Flourides (as F)||-||2.5||-||-|
|Iron oxide fume (Fe2O3 as Fe)||-||5||-||10|
|Lead, inorg, fumes and dusts (as Pb)||-||0.15||-||0.45|
|Manganese fume (as Mn)||-||1||-||3|
|Mercury (as Hg)||-||0.05||-||0.15|
|Mercury (alkyl compounds)-skin (as Hg)||0.001||0.01||0.003||0.03|
|Methyl alcohol (methanol) skin||200||260||250||310|
|Methyl cellosolve-skin (2-methoxy ethanol)||25||80||35||120|
|Methyl isobutyl ketone-skin||100||410||125||510|
|Nickel carbonyl (as Ni)||0.05||0.35||-||-|
|Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride)||0.1||0.4||-||-|
|Silane (silicon tetrahydride)||0.5||0.7||1||1.5|
|Styrene, monomer (phenyl-ethylene)||100||420||125||525|
|Welding fumes (NOC)||-||5||-||-|
TABLE – 2
Substance Permissible time weighted average concentration
(i) Quartz 1060
(1) In terms of dust count : - % Quartz + 10
(2) In terms of respirable dust 10
% respirable quartz + 2
(3) In terms of total dust : 30
% quartz + 3
(ii) Cristobalite Half the limits given against quartz
(iii) Tridymite Half the limits given against quartz
(iv) Silica fused Same limit as for quartz
(v) Tripoli Same limit as in formula in item 2
given against quartz
(b) Amorphous 705 mppcm
2. Silicate having less than 1%
free silica by weight
(fibres longer than 5 microns) 2 fibres/cubic centimetre
(b) Mica 705 mppcm
(c) Mineral Wool fibre 10 mg/m3
(d) Porlite 1060 mppcm
(e) Portland cement 1060 mppcm
(f) Soap stone 705 mppcm
(g) Talc (nonobostiform) 705 mppcm
(h) Talc (fibrous) Same limit as for asbestos
(i) Tromolite Same limit as for asbestos
3. Coal dust
(1) For airborne dust having less
than 5 % silicon dioxide
by weight 2mg/m3
(2) For airborne dust having Same limit as prescribed by
over 5% silicon dioxide formula in item (2) against quartz.
TABLE - 3
Substance Permissible limit of exposure
Acetic anhydride 5 20
O-Dichlorobenzene 50 300
Formaldehyde 2 3
Hydrogen Chloride 5 7
Manganese & compounds (as Mn) - 5
Nitrogen dioxide 5 9
Nitroglycerin-skin 0.2 2
Potassium hydroxide - 2
Sodium hydroxide - 2
2,4,6 - Trinitrotoluene (TNT) - 0.5
129. Muster roll
The manager of every factory shall maintain a muster roll of all the workers employed in the factory in Form 31 showing (a) the name
Provided that, if the daily attendance is noted in the register of adult worker in Form 17 or the particulars required under this rule are noted in any other register, a separate muster roll required under this rule need not be maintained.
130. Register of accidents and dangerous occurrences
The manager of every factory shall maintain a register of all accidents and dangerous occurrences which occur in the factory in Form 32.
131. Maintenance of inspection book
The manager of every factory shall maintain a bound inspection book and shall produce it when so required by the Inspector or Certifying Surgeon.
132. Information regarding closure of factories
The occupier or manager of every factory shall report to the Inspector any intended closure of the factory or any section or department thereof immediately it is decided to do so, intimating the reason for the closure, the number of workers on the register on the date of the report, the number of workers likely to be affected by the closure and probable period of the closure. Information as to the particulars and quantity of stored chemicals and action taken or proposed to be taken to ensure safety from those chemicals and action taken or proposed to be taken to ensure safety from those chemicals while in storage during such closure shall also be furnished along with the report of intended closure. An intimation should also be sent to the Inspector as soon as the factory or the section or department of the factory, as the case may be, starts working again.
Prescribed under Rule 4(2)
APPLICATION FOR PERMISSION TO CONSTRUCT, EXTEND OR TAKE INTO USE ANY BUILDING AS A FACTORY
1. Applicant’s name address :
2. Full name of factory :
3. Situation of factory :
(a) Province :
(b) District :
(c) Town or village :
(d) Nearest Police Station :
(e) Nearest railway station or steamer ghat :
4. Particulars of plant to be installed :
Signature of applicant :
Note : This application shall be accompanied by the following documents :-
(a) a flow chart of the manufacturing process supplemented by a brief description of the process in its various stages;
(b) plans, in duplicate, drawn to scale showing –
(i) the site of the factory and immediate surroundings including adjacent buildings and other structures, roads, drains, etc.; and
(ii) the plan, elevation and necessary cross-sections of the various buildings indicating all relevant details relating to natural lighting, ventilation and means of escape in case of fire. The plans shall also clearly indicate the position of the plant and machinery, aisles and passage-ways; and
(c) such other particulars as the Chief Inspector may require.
APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION AND GRANT OF RENEWAL OF LICENCE FOR THE YEAR ........ AND NOTICE OF OCCUPATION SPECIFIED IN SECTIONS 6 AND 7
(To be submitted in triplicate)
1. (a) Full name :
(b) Factory licence number
if already registered before :
2.(a) Full postal address and
situation of the factory :
(b) Full postal address to which
communications relating to factory
should be sent :
3. Nature of manufacturing
process or processes –
(a) carried on in the factory in the last
twelve months (in the case of factories
already in existence); and :
(b) to be carried on in the factory during
the next twelve months (in the case of
all the factories) :
4. Names and values of principal Name Value
products manufactured during 1. ................. ....... ………………….
the last twelve months (in the 2. ................. ....... ……………….
case of factories already in 3. ................. ....... ………………….
5. (a) Maximum number of workers
proposed to be employed in any one
day during the year :
(b) Maximum number of workers employed
on any one day during the last twelve
months (in the case of factories
already in existence) :
(c) Number of workers to be ordinarily
employed in the factory :
6. (a) Nature and total amount of power
(i) installed; or :
(ii) proposed to be installed :
(b) Maximum amount of power (kilowatts)
proposed to be used :
7. Full name
person who shall be the manager of the
factory for the purposes of the Act :
8. Full name
occupier, that is : -
(a) the proprietor of the factory in case of a
private firm or proprietary concern :
(b) the directors in case of a public 1. .....................
limited liability company or firm 2. .....................
(c) (i) the managing agent in case where a
managing agent is employed :
(ii) the directors of the above 1. .....................
managing agent 2. .....................
(d) the shareholders in case of a private 1. .....................
company where no managing agent 2. .....................
is employed, or 3. .....................
(e) the chief administrative head in case of
a Government or local fund factory :
9. Full name owner of
the premises or building (including the
precincts thereof) referred to in
section 93 :
10. In the case of a factory constructed or
extended after the date of
commencement of the rules –
(a) reference number and date of approval
of the plans for site whether for old
or new building and for construction
or extension of factory by the State
Government/ Chief Inspector; and :
(b) reference number and date of
approval of the arrangements, if any,
made for the disposal of trade waste
and effluents and the name
authority granting such approval :
11. (a) Amount of fee paid : Rs. .............
(b) In case of payment in Treasury -
(i) name :
(ii) date of payment; and :
(iii) challan number(challan to be enclosed) :
(c) In case of transmission by crossed
(i) name bank :
(ii) crossed cheque number; an :
(iii) date of cheque :
(Crossed cheque drawn in favour
of the Chief Inspector of Factories
to be enclosed)
(d) In case of transmission by crossed
postal order -
(i) name :
(ii) crossed postal order number; and :
(iii) date of postal order :
(Crossed postal order drawn in favour
of the Chief Inspector of Factories to
Signature of occupier :
Signature of manager :
1. This form should be completed in ink in block letters or typed.
2. If power is not used at the time of filling up this form, but is introduced later, the fact should be communicated to the Chief Inspector of Factories immediately.
3. If any of the persons name
4. In the case of a factory where under the proviso to sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 100, a person has been nominated as the occupier, information required in item 8 should be supplied only in respect of that person.
5. In the case of a factory where a managing agent or agents have been appointed as occupiers under the Indian Companies Act, 1956, information required in item 8 should be supplied only in respect of that person or persons.
FORM - 3
Prescribed under Rule 7(1)
Licence No. ------------------ Reg.No. -------------- Date of Reg. -----------------
Licence is hereby granted to -------------------------------------------------------------------------
for the premises known as -------------------------------------------------------------------------
situated at -------------------------------------------------------------------------
for use as a factory within the limits stated hereinafter, subject to provisions of the Factories Act, 1948, and the rules made thereunder.
The ------------------- 19.. Issuing Authority
number of workers on any one day
Installed Power Capacity in Kilo watts
|To whom transferred||Year of transfer||
Date of payment of
Signature of the
|Amended||Date of payment of amendment fee||
Power Capacity in Kilowatts
FORM - 4
Prescribed under Rule 16
NOTICE OF CHANGE OF MANAGER
1. (a) Name of the factory :
(b) Current licence number of the factory :
2. Postal address of the factory :
3. Name of outgoing manager :
4. (a) Name of new manager :
(b) Residential address :
(c) Telephone number :
5. Date of appointment of new manager :
6. Signature of new manager :
Signature of occupier :
Prescribed under Rule 19(2)
CERTIFICATE OF FITNESS
1. (a) Serial Number : Serial Number :
(b) Date : Date :
2. Name of person : I certify that I have
examined personality examined (name
3. Father’s Name : son/daughter of ........... ............................
4. Sex : ...........................
5. Residence : residing at ...........…………………………..
6. Date of birth, if available : who is desirous of being employed in a factory, and
and/or certified age that his/her age, as nearly as can be ascertained from
or certified age my examination, is ........ years, and
7. Physical fitness : that he/she is fit for employment in factory as an adult/child
8. descriptive marks : His /her descriptive marks are ......................
9. Reason for
(a) refusal of certificate
(b) certificate being.... :
Signature or left hand : Signature or left hand thumb
Thumb impression of the impression of the person examined :
Initials of Certifying Surgeon : Signature of Certifying Surgeon :
In case of physical disability, the exact details of the cause of the physical disability should be clearly stated.
Prescribed under sub -rule (4) of rule 77
|Name of Worker||Sex||Age(on last birthday)||Occupation||Examination of eye sight||
Signature of opthal
|Nature||Date of employment||Date||Result|
FORM - 7
Prescribed under Rules 20, 51 and 88(8)(b)
RECORD OF LIMEWASHING, PAINTING, ETC.
|Part of factory, e.g., name||Parts limewashed, painted, varnished or oiled, eg. walls, ceilings, wood work, etc.||Treatment, i.e., whether limewashed, painted, varnished or oiled||Date on which limewashing, painting, varnishing or oiling was carried out||Remarks|
Signature of the manager :
FORM - 8
Prescribed under Rule 28
Department : …………………..
Hygrometer : Distinctive mark or number : ………………………….
Position in department : ………………………….
Year : …………………………….. Month : ………………
|Date||Readings of hygrometer||If no humidity insert ‘none’||Remarks||Signature of the person taking the reading|
|Between 7 and 9 a.m.||Between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. (but not in the rest interval)||Between 4 and 5.30 p.m.|
Certified that the above entries are correct.
Signature and designation of the
person taking the readings :
Prescribed under Rule 58
1. Name of worker :
2. Serial number as in the register of workers under section 62 :
3. Father’s name :
4. Date of birth and age :
5. Nature of work :
6. Qualifications, if any, or period of service on similar work :
7. Date when tight fitting clothing was provided :
8. Remarks :
I certify that the above mentioned worker whose signature or left hand thumb impression is given below is a properly trained male adult worker who is competent to mount or shift belts, lubricate or do other adjusting operations on the machinery installed in my factory while they are in motion.
Signature or left hand thumb
impression of worker :
Signature of Occupier :
Prescribed under Rule 60 (1)
Occupier (or owner) of premises :
1. (a) Type of hoist or lift and identification :
number or description
(b) Date of construction or reconstruction :
2. Are all parts of the hoist or lift of good :
mechanical construction, sound
material and adequate strength
(so far as ascertainable) ?
3. Are the following parts of the hoists :
or lift properly maintained and in
good working order ? If not, state
what defects have been found
(a) Enclosure of hoistway or liftway :
(b) Landing gates and cage gate (s) :
(c) Interlocks and the landing gates
and cage gate(s) :
(d) Other gate fastenings :
(e) Cage and platform and fittings,
guides, buffers, interior of the
hoistway or liftway :
(f) Overrunning devices :
(g) Suspension ropes or chain and
their attachments :
(h) Safety gear i.e., arrangements for
preventing fall of platform or
cage brakes :
(i) Brakes :
(j) Worm or spur gearing :
(k) Other electrical equipment :
(l) Other parts :
4. What parts (if any) were inaccessible ? :
5. Repairs, renewals or alterations,
(if any) required and the period
within which they should be executed :
6. Maximum safe working load subject to
repairs, renewals or alterations
(if any) specified in item 5 :
7. Other particulars :
I/We certify that on (date)...............……I/We thoroughly examined this hoist or lift and that the above is a correct report of the result.
If employed by a company association,
or association :
FORM - 11
Prescribed under Rule 62(9)(b)
1. Name of occupier (or factory) :
2. Situation and address of factory :
3. Name, description and distinctive number of
pressure vessel or plant :
4. Name and address of manufacturer and reference
to their test certificate or certificate of competent
5. Nature of process in which pressure vessel or
plant is used :
6. Particulars of pressure vessel or plant : -
(a) Date of construction :
(b) Thickness of walls :
(c) Date on which the pressure vessel or plant was
first taken into use :
(d) Maximum permissible working pressure
recommended by the manufacturer :
(e) Design pressure, if known :
(f) Brief history of pressure vessel or plant was
taken into use :
7. Date of last hydrostatic test (if any) and pressure
8 . Is the pressure vessel or plant in open, or
otherwise exposed to weather or to damp? :
9. What parts (if any) were inaccessible :
10. What examination and test were made ?
(Specify pressure if hydrostatic test carried out ) :
11. Condition of pressure vessel or plant }
(State any defects materially affecting } External :
the maximum permissible working }
pressure or the safe working of the } Internal :
pressure vessel or plant. }
12. Are the required fittings and appliances provided
in accordance with the rules :
13. (a) Are all fittings and appliances properly maintained :
and in good condition?
(b) Have the pressure settings been checked and :
14. (a) Repairs (if any) required :
(b) Period within which the repairs should be executed :
(c) Any other condition which the person making the :
examination thinks it necessary for securing for
15. Maximum permissible working pressure, calculated :
from dimensions and from the thickness and other
data by the present examination, due allowance
being made for conditions of working if unusual or
exceptionally severe. (State minimum thickness of
walls measured during the examination)
16. Where repairs affecting the maximum pressure
are required, state the working pressure –
(a) before the expiration of the period specified in :
(b) after the expiration of such period if the required :
repairs have not been completed
(c) after the completion of the required repairs :
17. Other observations :
I certify that on (date)......................the pressure vessel or plant described above was thoroughly cleaned and (so far as its construction permits) made accessible for thorough examination and for such tests as were necessary for thorough examination and that on the said date, I thoroughly examined this pressure vessel or plant, including its fittings, and that the above is a true report of my examination.
If employed by a company or
of the company or association :
Prescribed under Rule 63 (8)(b)
REGISTER OF EXAMINATION OF GASHOLDERS
|Distinguishing Number or Letters of Gas holder||Particulars of manufacture||Particulars of examination carried out Under sub-rules 63(4) And (5)||Particulars of repair|
|No. of lifts||Max. capacity in cubic metres||
when full of gas
|Method of examination used||Date of examination||Name & desg. Of the person making this exam.||Nature of repairs||Date of repairs and painting||By when repairs are carried out||Remarks|
Signature of Occupier or manager :
REPORT OF EXAMINATION OF WATER-SEALED GASHOLDER
1. Name of occupier (or factory) :
2. Situation and address of factory :
3. Name, description, distinguishing
number or letter and type of gasholder :
4. Name and address of the manufacturer :
5. (a) Number of lifts :
(b) Maximum capacity in cubic meters :
(c) Pressure thrown by holder when full of gas :
full of gas
6. Particulars of gas to be stored in the holder :
7. Particulars as to the condition of : -
(a) crown :
(b) side sheeting, including grips and cups :
(c) guiding mechanism (Roller carriages, :
rollers, pins, guide rails or ropes ) :
(d) tank; and :
(e) other structure, if any
(columns, framing and bracing) :
8. Particulars as to the position of the
lifts at the time of examination :
9. Particulars as to whether the tank and lifts :
were found sufficient in level for safe working
and if not, as to the steps taken to remedy the
10. Date of examination and by when it was :
11. Condition of vessel : -
(a) External :
(b) Internal :
12. (a) Are all fittings and appliances properly :
Maintained and in good conditions?
(b) Repairs, if any, required and period within :
which they should be executed
(c) Any other condition which the person :
making the examination thinks it necessary
for securing safe working :
13. Other observations :
I certify that on (date)..................... the gasholder described above was thoroughly examined and such of the tests as were necessary made on the same day and that the above is a true report of any examination.
If employed by a company or
association, name :
Prescribed under Rule 102(4)(a)
|Sl.No.||Number in the register of workers||Name||Group or relay numbers||Numbers and date of exempting order||Year||Weekly rest days last due to the exempting order in||Date of compensatory holidays given in||Last year days carried to the next year||Remarks|
|January to March||April to June||July to September||October to December||January to March||April to June||July to September||October to December|
Prescribed under Rule 103
OVERTIME MUSTER ROLL FOR EXEMPTED WORKERS
Month ending ………… 19……
|Number in the
Register of adult
|Name of exempted
|Department||Dates on which
overtime has been
|Extent of overtime
on each occasion
|Total overtime hours worked
or production in case of
|Normal hours||Normal rate of pay for piece work or rate of pay per hour||Overtime rate
|Normal earnings||Overtime earnings||Total earnings||Date on which
Prescribed under Rule 104
NOTICE OF PERIODS OF WORK FOR ADULT WORKERS
Name of the factory………………………Place………………………District………………
|Periods of work
|Men||Women||Description of Groups
Letter of work
|Total no. of men employed||Total no. of women employed|
On working days
Date on which this notice is first exhibited : Signature of manager :
Prescribed under Rule 105
REGISTER OF ADULT WORKERS
|Number and date of certificate if an adolescent||Remarks|
|Number of certificateth
|Token number givingth
Reference to theth
Prescribed under Rule 110
Name of factory ……………………… Place …………………. District……………...
|Children||Description of group||Remarks|
|Period of work||Total number of children employed||Group letter||Nature of work|
Signature of manager :
Prescribed under Rule 111
REGISTER OF CHILD WORKERS
|Father’s name||Date of
Group as in
relay, if working
Prescribed under Rule 112
REGISTER OF LEAVE WITH WAGES
Part I - Adults
Part II - Children
Factory : Name of worker :
Department : Father’s Name :
|Sl.no. in the register
|Whether leave not
desired during the next 12 months
Leave Paid in
|Sickness and accidents||Authorized
|Lock Out or Legal
|Date & amount
of payment made in lieu of leave due
Note:- Separate page shall be allotted to each worker
Prescribed under Rule 113(1)
Factory : Name of worker :
Department : Father’s name :
Leave not desired
Which the worker is
of di scharge
|Date & amount
made in lieu of
Note: The leave book shall be made out separately for each worker on thick bound sheets.
FORM - 22
Prescribed under Rule 118
I hereby require that in the event of my death before resuming work, the balance of my pay due for the period of holidays shall be paid to ………………………………….
who is my .........................….........and resides at ........................................................
Witnesses : Attested.
Signature or left hand thumb
impression of worker :
Particulars of worker such
as serial number in the
Signature : register of adult/child workers,
section or department, etc. :
Address : Date :
Prescribed under paragraph various Schedules to Rule 120
Serial number :
I certify that I have personally examined (name at (address).................………………… who is desirous of being employed as (designation) ..................…………………………. in (process, department and factory) ..........……… …………………….............................................and that his age, as nearly as an be ascertained from my examination, is..............……………..years, and that he is, in my opinion, fit/ unfit for employment in the above mentioned factory as mentioned above.
2. He may be produced for further examination after a period of ..........................................
3. The serial number of the previous certificate is....................
Signature or left hand thumb impression
of person examined :
Signature of Certifying Surgeon :
|I certify that I examined the person mentioned above on||I extend this certificate until (if certificate is not extended, the period for which the worker is considered unfit for work is to be mentioned)||Signs and symptoms
|Signature of the certifying surgeon|
FORM - 24
Prescribed under various Schedules to Rule 120
|Sl. No.||Department / Works||Name of worker||Sex||Age (at last Birthday)||Date of employment on present work||Date of leaving or transfer to other work with reasons for discharge or transfer||Nature of job or occupation||Raw materials,
products or by- products likely to be exposed to
|Dates of med ical examinati on and the res ults thereof||Signs and symptoms observed during examination||Nature of tests and results thereof||If declared unfit for work, state period of suspension with reasons in details||Whether certificate of unfitness issued to the workers||Re-certified fit to resume duty on||Signature of the Certifying surgeon with date|
|Dates||Result Fit or
Prescribed under Rule 121(3)
REPORT OF ACCIDENT OR DANGEROUS OCCURRENCE RESULTING IN DEATH OR BODILY INJURY
E.S.I.C. Employer’s Code number : E.S.I.C. Insurance
Number of the injured person :
1. Name of occupier ( or factory)/employer :
2. Address of works / premises where the :
accident or dangerous occurrence
took place :
3. Nature of industry :
4. Branch or department and exact place
where the accident or dangerous
occurrence took place :
5. Name and address of the injured person :
6. (a) Sex :
(b) Age (at the last birthday) :
(c) Occupation of the injured person :
7. Local E.S.I.C. Office to which the
injured person is attached :
8. Date, shift and hour of accident or
dangerous occurrence :
9. (a) Hour at which the injured person
started work on the day of accident
or dangerous occurrence :
(b) whether wages in full or part are
payable to him for the day of the
accident or dangerous occurrence :
10. (a) Cause or nature of accident or
dangerous occurrence :
(b) If caused by machinery : -
(i) Give the name
the part causing the accident
or dangerous occurrence :
(ii) state whether it was moved
by mechanical power at the time of
accident or dangerous occurrence :
(c) State exactly what the injured person
was doing at the time of accident
or dangerous occurrence :
(d) In your opinion, was the injured
person at the time of accident or
dangerous occurrence : -
(i) acting in contravention of provisions :
of any law applicable to him; or
(ii) acting in contravention of any orders
given by or on behalf of his
employer, or :
(iii) acting without instructions
from his employer? :
(e) In case reply to (d) (i), (ii) or (iii)
is in the affirmative , state whether
the act was done for the purpose
of and in connection with the
employer’s trade or business :
11. In case the accident or dangerous
occurrence took place while
travelling in the employer’s
transport, state whether -
(a) the injured person was
travelling as a passenger
to or from his place of works :
(b) the injured person was travelling
with the express or implied
permission of his employer :
(c) the transport is being operated
by or on behalf of the employer or
some other person by whom it is
provided in pursuance of
arrangements made with the
employer; and :
(d) the vehicle is being/not being
operated in the ordinary course
of public transport service :
12. In case the accident or dangerous
occurrence took place while meeting
emergency, state :-
(a) its nature ; and :
(b) whether the injured person at the
time of accident or dangerous
occurrence was employed for the
occurrence was trade or business
in or about the premises at which
the accident or dangerous
occurrence took place. :
13. Describe briefly how the accident or
dangerous occurrence took place :
14. Names and addresses of
witnesses (1) :
15. (a) Nature and extent of injury
(e.g. fatal, loss of finger,
fracture of leg, scald, scratch
followed by sepsis, etc.) :
(b) Location of injury (e.g. right leg,
left hand, left eye, etc.) :
16. (a) If the accident or dangerous
occurrence was not fatal, state
whether the injured person was
disabled for more than 48 hours :
(b) date and hour of return of work :
17. (a) Physician, dispensary or hospital
from whom or which the injured
person received or is receiving
(b) Name of dispensary/panel doctor
elected by the injured person :
18. (a) Has the injured person died ? :
(b) If so, date of death :
I certify that to the best of my knowledge and belief the above particulars are correct in every respect.
Signature of manager/employer :
Name, designation and address
of manager/employer :
Date of dispatch of report :
(This space is to be completed by the Inspector of Factories)
District ………………………….. Date of receipt :
Number of the accident or dangerous occurrence: Causation :
Other particulars (e.g. fatal, leg injury, arm injury, etc.) :
Date of investigation :
Result of investigation :
Prescribed under Rule 121(3)
REPORT OF DANGEROUS OCCURRENCE WHICH DOES NOT RESULT IN DEATH ORBODILY INJURY
1. Name and address of factory :
2. Name of occupier :
3. Name of manager :
4. Nature of industry :
5. Branch or department and exact
place where the dangerous occurrence
took place :
6. Date and hour of dangerous occurrence :
7. Nature of dangerous occurrence
(State exactly what happened :
I certify that to the best of my knowledge and belief the above particulars are correct in every respect.
Signature of manager :
Name, designation and
address of manager :
Date of despatch of
(To be completed by the Inspector of Factories)
District : Date of receipt :
Number of the Causation :
dangerous occurrence :
Date of investigation :
Result of investigation :
Prescribed under Rule 122.
(See instruction on reverse)
1. Name of factory :
2. Address of factory :
3. Address of office of occupier :
4. Residential address :
5. Nature of industry :
6. (a) Name of patient :
(b) Works number of patient :
(c) Address of patient :
7. Precise occupation of patient :
8. Nature of poisoning or disease
from which patient is suffering :
9. Has the case been reported to
the Certifying Surgeon :
Signature of manager :
(To be filled in by the Chief Inspector)
Number of the case :
Where any worker in a factory contracts any disease specified in the schedule, the manager of the factory shall send a notice thereof to such authorities, and in such form and within such time, as may be prescribed.
1. Lead Poisoning, including poisoning by any preparation of lead or their sequelae.
2. Lead tetra-ethyl poisoning.
3. Phosphorous poisoning or its sequelae.
4. Mercury poisoning or its sequelae.
5. Manganese poisoning or its sequelae.
6. Arsenic poisoning or its sequelae.
7. Poisoning by nitrous fumes.
8. Carbon disulphide poisoning.
9. Benzene poisoning, including poisoning by any of its homologues, their nitro or amide derivatives or its sequelae.
10. Chrome ulceration or its sequelae.
13. Poisoning by halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series.
14. Pathological manifestations due to : –
(a) radium or other radio-active substances; and
15. Primary epitheliomatous cancer of skin.
16. Toxic anaemia.
17. Toxic jaundice due to poisonous substances.
18. Oil acne or dermatitis due to mineral oils and compounds containing mineral oil base.
21. Occupational or contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with chemicals and paints. These are of two types that is, primary irritants and allergic sensitizers.
22. Noise induced hearing loss (exposure to high noise levels).
Extract from the ...................…………….Factories Rules, 19....(Rule...)
A notice in Form 27 should be sent forthwith both to the Chief Inspector and to the Certifying Surgeon, by the manager of a factory in which there occurs a case of lead, phosphorous, mercury, manganese, arsenic, carbon bisulphide or benzene poisoning by nitrous fumes or by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of aliphatic series; or of chrome ulceration, anthrax, silicosis, toxic anaemia, toxic jaundice, primary epitheliometous cancer of skin, or of pathological manifestations due to radium or other radio-active substances or x-rays.
FORM - 28
Prescribed under Rule 124
ABSTRACT OF THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 AND THE .........................
(To be affixed in a conspicuous and convenient place at or near the main entrance to the factory )
1. “Factory” means any premises including the precincts thereof -
(i) wherein ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on, or whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on but does not include a mine subject to the operation of the Mines Act, 1952 (35 of 1952), or a mobile unit belonging to the armed forces of the Union, a railway running shed or a hotel, restaurant or eating place.
Explanation :- For computing the number of workers for the purposes of this clause all the workers in different relays in a day shall be taken into account.
2 .“Worker” means a person employed, directly or through any agency (including a contractor) with or without the knowledge of the principal employer, whether for remuneration or not, in any manufacturing process, or in any other kind of work incidental to, or connected with, the manufacturing process, or the subject of the manufacturing process; but does not include any member of the armed forces of the Union.
3. “Manufacturing process” means any process for -
(i) making, altering, repairing, orname finishing, packing, oiling, washing, cleaning, breaking up, demolishing, or otherwise treating or adapting any article or substance with a view to its use, sale, transport, delivery or disposal, or
(ii) pumping oil, water, sewage or any other substances; or
(iii) generating, transforming or transmitting power; or
(iv) composing types of printing, printing by letter press, lithography, photogravure or other similar process or book binding; or
(v) constructing, reconstructing, repairing, refitting, finishing or breaking up ships or vessels ; or
(vi) preserving or storing any article in cold storage.
Working hours, holidays, intervals after rest, etc.
4. Hours of work for adults (Sections 51 and 54).- No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in a factory for more than 48 hours in any week and for more than 9 hours in any day.
5. Relaxation of hours of work for adult (Section 64) .- The ordinary limits on working hours of adults may be relaxed in certain special cases, e.g., workers engaged on urgent repairs; in work in the nature or preparatory or complementary work which must necessarily be carried on outside the limits laid down for the general working of the factory; in work which is necessarily so intermittent that the intervals for rest; in any work which for technical reasons must be carried on continuously; in making or supplying articles of prime necessity which must be made or supplied every day; in a manufacturing process which cannot be carried on except during fixed seasons, or at times dependent on the irregular action of natural forces; in engine rooms or boiler houses or in attending to power plant or transmission machinery; in the printing of news papers, who are held up on account of the breakdown of machinery; in the loading or unloading of railway wagons or lorries or trucks; and in any work which is notified by the State Government in the Official gazette as a work of national importance.
Except in the case of urgent repairs, the relaxation shall not exceed the following limits of work inclusive of overtime :-
(i) the total number of hours of work in any day shall not exceed ten;
(ii) the spread over inclusive of intervals for rest, shall not exceed 12 hours in any one day;
(iii) the total number of hours of work in a work, including overtime, shall not exceed sixty;
(iv) the total number of hours of overtime work shall not exceed fifty for any one quarter.
6. Payment for overtime (Section 59).- Where a worker works in a factory for more than 9 hours in any day or for more than 48 hours in any week, he shall, in respect of overtime work, entitled to wages at the rate of twice his ordinary rate of wages.
7. Exemption of supervisory staff (Section 64).- Chapter VI, other than the provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 66 and of the proviso to that sub-section, of the Act-Working hours of adults - does not apply to persons holding positions of supervision or management or are employed in a confidential position in a factory, provided that where the ordinary rate of wages of such person does not exceed rupees seven hundred and fifty per month, they are entitled to extra wages in respect of overtime work under Section 59.
Weekly holiday (Adults) (Section 52).- No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in a factory on the first day of the week, unless -
(a) he has, or will have, a holiday for a whole day on one of the three days immediately before or after the said day, and
(b) the manager of the factory has, before the said day or the substituted day under clause (a) whichever is earlier, -
(i) delivered a notice at the office of the Inspector of his intention to require the worker to work on the said day and of the day which is to be substituted; and
(ii) displayed a notice to that effect in the factory:
Provided that no substitution shall be made which will result in any worker working for more than ten days consecutively without a holiday for a whole day.
Compensatory holidays (Section 53)- Where a worker in a factory, as a result of exemption from the ordinary provision relating to weekly holidays, is deprived of any of the weekly holidays, he shall be allowed, within the month in which the holidays were due to him or within the two months immediately following that month, compensatory holidays of equal number of the holidays so lost.
Intervals for rest for adults (Section 55 and 56).- The periods of work of adult workers in a factory each day shall be fixed that no period shall exceed 5 hours and that no worker shall work for more than 5 hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least half an hour and that inclusive of his intervals for rest shall not spread over more than ten and a half hours in any day or, with the permission of the Chief Inspector in writing, 12 hours.
Prohibition of double employment (Section 60,71 & 99).- No child or, except in certain circumstances, an adult worker, shall be required or allowed to work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in any other factory.
If a child works in a factory on any day on which he has already been working in another factory, the parent or guardian of the child or the person having custody of or control over him or obtaining any direct benefit from his wages, shall be punishable with fine, which may extend to Rs. 50 unless it appears to the court that the child so worked without the consent or connivance of such parent, guardian or person.
Prohibition of employment of children under 14 (Section 67).- No child who has not completed his fourteenth year shall be required or allowed to work in any factory.
ours of work for children (Section 71).- No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any factory for more than four and a half hours in any day and during the period of at least twelve consecutive hours which shall include the interval between 10 P.M. and 6. A.M. The periods of work of all children employed in a factory shall be limited to two shifts which shall not overlap or spread over more than 5 hours each and each child shall be employed in only one of the relays.
The provision relating to weekly holidays shall also apply to child workers and no exemption form this provision may be granted in respect of any child.
Prohibition of employment of women (Section 66).- No women shall be required or allowed to work in any factory except between the hours of 6 A.M. and 7 P.M. The State Government may vary those limits or exempt this restriction in case of women working in fish-curing or fish-canning factories.
Leave with wages
Leave with wages (Section 79, 80 and 83 and Rules).- Every worker who has worked for a period of 240 days or more in a factory during a calendar year shall be allowed during the subsequent calendar year leave with wages for a number of days calculated at the rate of -
(i) if an adult, one day for every twenty days of work performed by him during the previous calendar year; and
(ii) if a child, one day for every 15 days of work performed by him during the previous calendar year.
Explanation. 1. For the purpose of this sub-section
(a) any days of lay off, by agreement or contract or as permissible under the standing orders;
(b) in the case of female worker, maternity leave for any number of days not exceeding twelve weeks; and
(c) the leave earned in the year prior to that in which the leave is enjoyed;
shall be deemed to be days on which the worker has worked in a factory for the purpose of computation of the period of 240 days or more, but he shall not earn leave for these days.
Explanation 2.- The leave admissible under this sub-section shall be exclusive of all holidays whether occurring during or at either end of the period of leave.
For the leave allowed to him, a worker shall be paid at a rate equal to the daily average of his total full-time earning, for the days on which he actually worked during the month immediately preceding the leave exclusive of any overtime and bonus, but inclusive of dearness allowance and the cash equivalent of the advantage accruing through the concessional sale to the worker of food grains and other articles.
A worker whose service commences otherwise than on the first day of January shall be entitled to leave with wages at the rate indicated above, if he has worked for two-thirds of the total number of days in the remainder of the calendar year.
If a worker is discharged or dismissed from service or quits his employment or is supperanuated or dies while in service, during the course of the calendar year, he or his heir or nominee as the case may be, shall be entitled to wages in lieu of the quantum of leave to which he was entitled immediately before his discharge, dismissal, quitting of employment, superannuation or death, calculated at the rates specified above, even if he had not worked for the entire period specified above. Such payment shall be made
(i) whether the worker is discharged or dismissed or quits employment, before the expiry of the second working day from the day of such discharge, dismissal or quitting; and
(ii) where the worker is superannuated or dies while in service, before the expiry of two months from the date of such superannuation or death.
If the employment of a worker who is entitled to leave with wages is terminated by the occupier before he has taken the entire leave to which he is entitled, or if having applied for and having not been granted such leave, the worker quits his employment before he has taken the leave, the occupier of the factory shall pay him the amount payable in respect of the leave not taken, and such payment shall be made before the expiry of the second working day after the day on which his employment is terminated and a worker who quits his employment, on or before the next pay day.
The manager shall maintain a register of leave with wages in the prescribed Form 20 and shall provide each worker with a book called the “Leave Book” in the prescribed Form 21. The leave book shall be the property of the worker and the manager or his agent shall not demand it except to make entries of the dates of holidays or interruptions in service, and shall not keep it for more than a week at a time. If a worker loses his leave book, the manager shall provide him with another copy on payment of paise ..............and shall complete it from his record.
Cleanliness (Section 11).- Except in cases specially exempted, all inside walls and partitions, all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls, sides and tops of passages and stair-cases in a factory shall be kept whitewashed or colour washed. The whitewashing or colour washing shall be carried out at least once in every period of fourteen months. The floor of every workroom shall be cleaned at least once in every week by washing, using disinfectant, where necessary, or by some other effective method.
Disposal of wastes and effluents (Section 12).- Effective arrangements shall be made in every factory for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on therein, so as to render them innocuous, and for their disposal.
Ventilation and temperature (Section 13).- Effective and suitable provision shall be made in every factory for securing and maintaining in every workroom adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air and such a temperature as will secure to workers therein reasonable conditions of comfort and prevent injury to health.
Overcrowding (Section 16).- Unless exemption has been granted, there shall be in every workroom of a factory in existence on the date of commencement of this Act at least 350 cubic feet and of a factory built after the commencement of this Act at least 500 cubic feet of space for every worker employed therein, and for this purpose no account shall be taken of any space which is more than 14 feet above the level of the floor of the room.
Lighting (Section 17).- In every part of a factory where workers are working or passing, there shall be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable lighting, natural artificial, or both.
Drinking water (Section 18 and Rules).- In every factory effective arrangements shall be made to provide and maintain at suitable points conveniently situated for all workers employed therein, a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water.
In every factory wherein more than 250 workers are ordinarily employed the drinking water shall, during hot weather be cooled by ice or other effective methods. The cooled drinking water shall be supplied in every canteen, lunchroom and restroom and also at conveniently accessible points throughout the factory.
Latrines and urinals (Section 19 and Rules).- In every factory sufficient latrine and urinal accommodation of the prescribed types (separate enclosed accommodation for male and female workers) shall be provided conveniently situated and accessible to workers at all times while they are at the factory. Every latrine shall be under cover and so partitioned off as to secure privacy and shall have a proper door and fastenings. Sweepers shall be employed whose primary duty it would be to keep clean latrines, urinals and washing places.
Spittoons (Section 20).- In every factory, there shall be provided a sufficient number of spittoons of the type prescribed in convenient places and they shall be maintained in clean and hygienic condition. No person shall spit within the premises of factory except in the spittoons provided for purpose. Whoever spits in contravention of this provision shall be punishable with fine not exceeding five rupees.
Fencing of machinery (Section 21).- In every factory dangerous parts of machinery e.g., every moving part of a prime mover and every flywheel connected to prime mover, etc. etc. shall be securely fenced by safeguards of substantial construction which shall be constantly maintained and kept in position while the parts of machinery they are fencing in motion or in use.
Work on or near machinery in motion (Section 22).- No woman or young person shall be allowed in any factory to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime mover or any transmission machinery is in motion, or to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of any machine if the cleaning, lubrication or adjustment thereof would expose the woman or young person to risk of injury from any moving part either of that machine or of any adjacent machinery.
Employment of young persons on dangerous machines (Section 23).- No young person shall work at any machine declared to be dangerous unless he has been fully instructed as to the dangers arising in connection with the machine and precautions to be observed and has received sufficient training in work at the machine or is under adequate supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge and experience of the machine.
Casing of new machinery (Section 26).- In all machinery driven by power and installed in any factory after the commencement of this Act, every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger; all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased, unless it is so situated as to as safe as it would be if it were completely encased.
Whoever sells or lets on hire or, as agent of a seller or hirer, causes or procures to be sold or let on hire, for use in a factory any machinery driven by power which does not comply with these provisions or any rules made under this section, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both.
Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton openers (Section 27).- No woman or child shall be employed in any part of a factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work.
Excessive weights (Section 34 and Rules).- No woman or young person shall, unaided by another person, lift, carry or move by hand or on head, any material, article, tool or appliance exceeding the maximum limit in weight set out in the following schedule :-
Persons Maximum weight of material,
article, tool or appliance
(a) Adult male 55 Kilograms
(b) Adult female 30 Kilograms
(c) Adolescent male 30 Kilograms
(d) Adolescent female 20 Kilograms
(e) Male child 16 Kilograms
(f) Female child 14 Kilograms
Protection of eyes (Section 35 and Rules).- Effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed in or in the immediate vicinity of processes which involve risk of injury to eyes from particles or fragments thrown off in the processes or which involve risk of injury to eyes by reason of exposure to excessive light or infra-red or ultra-violet radiations.
Precautions in case of fire (Section 38 and Rules).- Every factory shall be provided with adequate means of escape in case of fire for the persons employed therein. The doors affording exit from any room shall, unless they are of sliding type, be constructed to open outwards. Every window, door or other exit affording a means of escape in case of fire, other than the means of exit in ordinary use, shall be distinctively marked. Effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in case of fire to every person employed in the factory shall be provided. Effective measures shall be taken to ensure that wherein more than twenty workers are ordinarily employed in any place above the ground floor, or wherein explosive or highly inflammable materials are used or stored, all the workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the routine to be followed in such case.
Washing facilities (Section 42 and Rules).- In every factory adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for the use of the workers therein. Such facilities shall include soap and nail brushes or other suitable means of cleaning and the facilities shall be conveniently accessible and shall be kept in a clean and orderly condition.
If female workers are employed separate washing facilities shall be provided and so enclosed or screened that the interiors are not visible from any place where persons of the other sex work or pass.
Facilities for storing and drying clothing (Section 43 and Rules).- In the case of certain dangerous operations e.g., lead processes, liming and tanning of raw hides and skins etc. suitable places for keeping clothing not worn during working hours and for the drying of wet clothing shall be provided and maintained.
Facilities for sitting (Section 44).- In every factory suitable arrangements for sitting shall be provided and maintained for all workers obliged to work in a standing position in order that they may take advantage of any opportunities for rest which may occur in the course of their work.
First-aid and ambulance room (Section 45).- There shall in every factory be provided and maintained sops to be readily accessible during all working hours first-aid boxes or cupboards equipped with the prescribed contents. Each first-aid box or cupboard shall be kept in the charge of a separate responsible person who holds a certificate in first-aid treatment recognised by the State Government who shall always be available during the working hours of the factory.
In every factory wherein more than 500 workers are ordinarily employed there shall be provided and maintained an ambulance room of the prescribed size, containing the prescribed equipment, and in the charge of such medical and nursing staff as may be prescribed and those facilities shall always be made readily available during the working hours of the factory.
Canteens (Section 46 and Rules).- In specified factories wherein more than 250 workers are ordinarily employed, a canteen or canteens shall be provided and maintained by the occupier for the use of the workers. Food, drink and other items served in the canteen shall be sold on a non-profit basis and the prices charged shall be subject to the approval of a Canteen Managing Committee which shall be appointed by the manager and shall consist of an equal number of persons nominated by the occupier and elected by the workers. The number of elected workers shall be in the proportion of 1 for every 1,000 workers employed in the factory, provided that in no case shall there be more 5 or less than 2 workers on the Committee. The Committee shall be consulted from time to time as to the quality and quantity of food stuffs to be served in the canteen, the arrangement of the menus, etc. etc. Where the canteen is managed by a co-operative society, it is not necessary to appoint a Canteen Managing Committee and the prices to be charged may include a margin of profit up to a maximum of 5 per cent of its working capital.
Shelters, restrooms and lunchrooms (Section 47).- In every factory wherein more than 150 workers are ordinarily employed, adequate and a suitable lunchroom, with provision for drinking water, where workers can eat meals brought by them, shall be provided and maintained for the use of the workers.
Creches (Section 48 and Rules).- In every factory wherein more than 30 women workers are ordinarily employed there shall be provided and maintained a suitable room or rooms for the use of children under the age of six years of such women. The creche shall be adequately furnished and equipped and in particular there shall be one suitable cot or a cradle with the seating accommodation for the use of each mother while she is feeding or attending to her child, and a sufficient supply of suitable toys for older children.
There shall be in or adjoining the creche a suitable washroom for the washing of the children and their clothing. An adequate supply of clean clothes, soap and clean towels shall be made available for each child while it is in the creche at least a quarter litre of clean pure milk shall be available for each child on every day it is accommodated in the creche and the mother of such a child shall be allowed in the course of her daily work suitable intervals to feed the child. For children above two years of age, there shall be provided, in addition, an adequate supply of wholesome refreshment. A suitably fenced and shady open air playground shall also be provided for the older children.
Welfare Officers (Section 49).- In every factory wherein 500 or more workers are ordinarily employed the occupier shall employ in the factory such number of Welfare Officers as may be prescribed.
Dangerous operations (Section 87 and Rules).- Employment of women, adolescents and children is prohibited or restricted in certain operations declared to be dangerous, e.g., electroplating, manufacture and repair of electric accumulators, glass manufacture, grinding or glazing of metals, manufacture and treatment of lead and certain compounds of lead, sand blasting, etc.
Notice of accidents (Section 88 and Rules).- When an accident occurs which results in the death of any person or which results in such bodily injury to any person as is likely to cause his death, or any dangerous occurrence specified in the schedule annexed hereto takes place in a factory, the manager of the factory shall forthwith send a notice thereof by telephone, special messenger or telegram to the Inspector and the Chief Inspector. When any accident or any dangerous occurrence specified in the schedule annexed hereto, which results in the death of any person or which results in such bodily injury to any person as is likely to cause his death, takes place in a factory, forthwith notice shall be sent also to the District Magistrate or Sub-divisional Officer, to the officer-in-charge of the nearest police station; and to the relatives of the injured or deceased person.
Bursting of a plant used for containing or supplying steam under pressure greater than atmospheric pressure.
Collapse or failure of a crane, derrick, winch, hoist or other appliances used in raising or lowering persons or goods, or any part thereof, or the overturning of a crane.
Explosion, fire, bursting out, leakage or escape of any molten metal, or hot liquor or gas causing bodily injury to any person or damage to any room or place in which persons are employed, or fire in rooms of cotton pressing factories when a cotton opener is in use.
Explosion of a receiver or container used for the storage at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure of any gas or gases (including air) or any liquid or solid resulting from the compression of gas.
Collapse or subsidence of any floor, gallery, roof, bridge, tunnel, chimney, wall, building or any other structure.
Notice of certain diseases (Section 89 and Rules).- Where any worker in a factory contracts any of the following diseases, the manager of the factory shall send notice in Form 27 thereof forthwith both to the Chief Inspector and the Certifying Surgeon :-
Lead, phosphorus, mercury, manganese, arsenic, carbon bi-sulphide or benzene poisoning; or poisoning by nitrous fumes or by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series; or of chrome ulceration, anthrax, silicosis, toxic anaemia, toxic jaundice, primary opitheliomatous cancer of the skin, or pathological manifestations due to radium or other radio-active substances or x-rays.
No charge for facilities and convenience (Section 114).- No fee or charge shall be realised from any worker in respect of any arrangements or facilities to be provided, or any equipments or appliances to be supplied by the occupier under the provisions of this Act.
Powers of Inspectors (Sections 9 and 82).- Inspectors have power to inspect factories any time and may require the production of registers, certificates, etc. prescribed under the Act and the Rules.
Any Inspector may institute proceedings on behalf of any workers to recover any sum required to be paid by an employer under the provisions relating to leave with wages, which the employer has not paid.
Obligations of workers (Section 97 and 111).- No worker in a factory :
(i) shall wilfully interfere with or misuse any appliance, convenience or other thing provided in a factory for the purposes of securing the health, safety or welfare of the workers therein;
(II) shall wilfully and without any reasonable cause do anything likely to endanger himself or others; and
(iii) shall wilfully neglect to make use of any appliance or other thing provided in the factory for the purpose of securing the health or safety of the workers therein.
If any worker employed in a factory contravenes any of these provisions or any rule or order made thereunder he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to Rs. 00, or with both.
If any worker employed in a factory contravenes any provision of this Act or any rules or orders made thereunder, imposing any duty or liability on workers, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs. 20.
Certificates of fitness (Sections 69, 70 and 98).- No child who has completed his fourteenth year or an adolescent shall be required or allowed to work in any factory unless a certificate of fitness granted with reference to him is in the custody of the manager of the factory and such child or adolescent carries, while he is at work, a token giving a reference to such certificate. Any fee payable for such a certificate shall be paid by the occupier and shall not be recoverable from the young person, his parents or guardian.
An adolescent who has been granted a certificate of fitness to work in a factory as an adult and who while at work in a factory carries a token giving reference to the certificate shall be deemed to be an adult for all the purposes of the provisions of the Act relating to the working hours of adults and the employment of young persons. An adolescent who has not been granted a certificate of fitness to work in a factory as an adult shall, notwithstanding his age, be deemed to be a child for all the purposes of this Act.
Whoever knowingly uses or attempts to use, as a certificate of fitness granted to himself, a certificate granted to another adolescent to work in a factory as an adult, or who having procured such a certificate knowingly allows it to be used, or an attempt to use it to be made, by another person, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two months or with fine which may extend to Rs. 100 or with both.
Registers, notices and returns (Sections 61, 62, 63, 72, 73, 74 and 110 and Rules).- A register of adult workers in the prescribed Form 17 and a register of child workers in the prescribed Form 19 shall be maintained by the manager of every factory.
A notice of periods of work for adults and a notice of periods of work for children in the prescribed forms 16 and 18 shall be correctly maintained and displayed in every factory. No adult worker or child shall be required or allowed to work in any factory otherwise than in accordance with their respective notices of periods of work displayed in the factory.
The owners, occupiers or managers of factories shall submit the prescribed periodical returns to the Inspector regularly.
Prescribed under Rule 125
For the year ending 31st December, 19..........
Registration number of factory :
Name of factory :
Name of occupier :
Name of the manager :
Full postal address of factory :
Nature of industry :
No. of days worked in the year :
No. of man-days worked during the year
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
Average number of workers employed daily (See explanatory note)
(a) Adults (i) Men :
(ii) Women :
(b) Adolescents (i) Male :
(ii) Female :
(c) Children (i) Male :
(ii) Female :
Total no. of man-hours worked including overtime.
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
Average number of hours worked per week (See explanatory note)
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
(a) Does the factory carry out any process or operations declared as dangerous under Section 87 (See Rule 116):
(b) If so, give the following information
Name of the dangerous process Average no. of persons employed daily in each
Or operations carried on of the processes or operations given in Col.1
Leave with Wages
Total number of workers employed during the year :
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
Number of workers who were entitled to annual leave wit wages during the year
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
Number of workers who were granted leave during the year
(a) Men :
(b) Women :
(c) Children :
(a) Number of workers who were
discharged, or dismissed from
the service, or quit employment,
or were superannuated, or died
while in service during the year
(b) Number of such workers in respect
of when wages in lieu of leave
were paid :
(a) Number of Safety Officers required
to be appointed as per notification
under Section 40-B
(b) Number of Safety Officers
Is there an ambulance room provided
in the factory as required under
Section 45 ? :
(a) Is there a canteen provided in
the factory as required under
Section 46? :
(b) Is the canteen provided managed
i) departmentally, or :
ii) through a contractor? :
Shelters or Rest Rooms and Lunch Rooms
(a) Are there adequate and suitable
shelters or rest rooms provided in
the factory as required under
Section 47? :
(b) Are there adequate and suitable
lunch rooms provided in the factory
as required under Section 47? :
Is there a Creche provided in the
factory as required under Section 48 ? :
(a) Number of Welfare Officers to be
appointed as required under
Section 49 :
(b) Number of Welfare Officers
(a) Total number of accidents
(See explanatory notes)
i) Fatal :
ii) Non-Fatal :
(b) Accidents in which workers
returned to work during the year
to which this return relates :
i) Accidents (workers injured)
occurring during the year in
which injured workers returned
to work during the same year
(aa) Number of accidents :
(bb) Man-days lost due to accidents :
ii) Accidents (workers injured)
occurring in the previous year
in which injured workers
returned to work during the
year to which this return relates
(aa) Number of accidents :
(bb) Man-days lost due to accidents :
(c) Accidents (workers injured)
occurring during the year in
which injured workers did not
return to work during the
year to which this return relates
i) Number of accidents :
ii) Man-days lost due to accidents :
Certified that the information furnished above is to the best of my knowledge and belief, correct.
Signature of the manager
Explanatory Notes :
The average number of workers employed daily should be calculated by dividing the aggregate number of attendance on working days (that is, man-days worked by the number of working days in the year. In reckoning attendance, attendance by temporary as well as permanent employee should be counted, and all employees should be included, whether they are employed directly or under contractors. Attendance on separate shifts (e.g. night and day shifts) should be counted separately. Days on which the factory was closed for whatever cause, and days on which the manufacturing processes are not carried on should not be treated as working days. Partial attendance for less than half a shift on a working day should be ignored, while attendance for half a shift or more on such day should be treated as full attendance.
For seasonal factories, the average number of workers employed during the working season and the off-search should be given separately. Similarly the number of days worked and average number of manhours worked per week during the working and off-season should be given separately.
The average number of hours worked per week means the total actual hours worked by all workers during the year excluding the rest intervals but including overtime work divided by the product of total number of workers employed in the factory during the year and 52. In case the factory has not worked for the whole year, the number of weeks during which the factory worked should be used in place of the figure 52.
Every person killed or injured should be treated as one separate accident. If in one occurrence six persons were injured or killed, it should be counted as six accidents.
In item 24(a , the number of accidents which took place during the year should be given. In case of non-fatal accidents only these accidents which prevented workers from working for 48 hours or more, should be indicated.
FORM - 30
Prescribed under Rule 125
For the half-year ending 30th June, 19.;./31 December , 19.;.
Registration number of factory :
Name of factory :
Name of occupier :
Name of manager :
Postal address of factory :
Nature of industry :
Average number of workers
(See explanatory note)
(a) Adults - i. Man :
(b) Adolescents- i. Male :
(c) Children - i. Male :
Number of days worked during
the half-year ending 30th June,
19../31st December , 19.... :
Signature of Manager :
Explanatory Note :-
The average daily number should be calculated by dividing the aggregate number of attendance on working days by the number of working days during the half-year. In reckoning attendance, attendance by temporary as well as permanent employees should be counted, and all employees should be included, whether they are employed directly or under contractors.
Attendance on separate shifts (e.g., night and day shifts) should be counted separately. Days on which the factory was closed, for whatever cause, and days on which the manufacturing processes were not carried on should not be treated as working days. Partial attendance for less than half a shift on a working day day should be ignored, while attendance for a half a shift or more on such day should be treated as full attendance.
FORM - 31
Prescribed under Rule 129
Name of factory Place ... District..
|Serial No.||Name of worker||Father’s Name||Nature of work||
Daily attendance for month of ... 19..
|Date of report
(in Form 25)
|Nature of accident or dangerous occurrence||Date of return of injured Person
|Number of days the injured
Person was absent from work