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About the project


1.1 Introduction

Management of Occupational Safety and Health has become a very vital issue because of the technological advancements and deployment of newer technology, complex and hazardous processes. The threat of occupational hazards, particularly in the chemical and petrochemical industries is of great concern, specially for the people who are responsible in operating policy planning and designing of instruments for protecting the large workforce in the country. The major problem faced by the policy planners is the non-availability of timely information on vital areas such as occupational injuries and diseases, infrastructure available at the unit and the state level for taking up awareness, promotional and developmental programs. Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes is relied upon by Central and State Governments for a variety of information pertaining to occupational safety and health. A real time response system to meet these needs is required. Further, substantial increase in the number of registered factories, introduction of sophisticated modern technology and complexities in plant and equipment design have brought many constraints in their adoption and dealing policy . For planning of effective strategy on control of accidents and ill health, in the changed scenario, updated information is vital.

The Ministry of Labour has been deeply concerned over the an availability of occupational safety and health information for policy planning. To facilitate the policy planning schemes. “Setting up of a Data Bank-cum-Information Centre” at Central Labour Institute was proposed during the 7th Five Year Plan, was approved by the Planning Commission and is continuing in the Xth plan period.

Towards the objectives of the schemes with the title “Development of Safety & Health Information System and Data Bank”. Information systems were installed at the Central Labour Institute and the 3 Regional Labour Institutes. Data bases in the area of Major Accident Hazard Installations, hazardous chemicals, national specialist, ship inspection, Parliament question, FAS proforma, Factories Act Amendment, Awards, etc. were developed. Information on Material Safety Data Sheets were disseminated to the industries and agencies related to occupational safety and health.

DGFASLI also launched website. Abstracts of safety and health technical reports of DGFASLI were prepared, a national directory of organization profile was compiled, the statutes related to safety and health were computerized and ported on the website. Publication of INDOSHNEWS a quarterly news bulletin of this organization was started and till date 41 quarterly issues have been published. Work related to translation of International Chemical Safety Cards in three Indian languages—Hindi, Tamil and Bangla was initiated with a view to make the cards available on the website and is also acknowledge by ILO, were in their 2002-2005 report.

1.2 The Project

During the current plan period of the scheme it was envisages creation of the National Inventory on Occupational Safety and Health Information to widen the information base thus making available the information at one source to help in the all activities directed towards policy planning for improving the occupational safety and health of the workers.

The national inventory being built will be having OSH information state-wise collected by DGFASLI with the respective State Inspectorate will also include the following:

  • Abstracts of OS&H national literature
  • OS &H literature acquired from abroad
  • Factory Advice Service databases
  • Dock Safety related databases
  • Details of MAH installations, hazardous chemicals, national specialists, etc.
  • Scanner based data base on accident events, etc.

1.3 The Objectives of the Project

To develop all the five Labour Institutes under the DGFASLI Organisation as the action resource centers for collection, processing and dissemination of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Information. To create an Inventory on OSH Information for the prevention of Occupational Injuries and health disorders in the country

1.4 The Scope of the Project

The proposed scheme will have the following components:

  • Development of Occupational Safety and Health national inventory and connectivity between State Factory Inspectorate and DGFASLI. The inventory will cover information pertaining to manufacturing activities covered under the Factories Act 1948, Occupational injuries and diseases in the sector, management of OSH at unit and state level.
  • Creation of occupational safety and health information action resource centers at five labour Institutes by providing them with computer hardware and software facilities and also by involving other organizations specialized in the field of safety, health and environment to participate in the project.
  • Human Resource Development of personnel attached to action resource centers.
  • Dissemination of information through electronic media using the latest information technology for creating public awareness about safety, health and environment.
  • Dissemination of information through conventional media to reach the large workforce including decision makers not having access to the information technology. This will include publication of newsletter, technical reports, safety cards etc.
  • Creation of databases containing information on handling of containers and dangerous goods, hazardous installations, inland container depots, minor and intermediate ports, competent persons, panel of doctors in ports, etc. Dock Safety division will participate by way of providing in-put data collected from the field.
  • Developing infrastructure for occupational safety and health e-self learning centers at all action resource centre in the labour institutes.
  • Effective implementation of the 12 point Minimum Agenda for E-Governance. This includes providing computers upto the level of Section Officers, setting up of LAN, training of all staff on computers, procure and use office automation software, website updation and maintenance, developing software packages for delivery of services and information, etc.
  • As information technology is developing very fast, the latest hardware and software available during the plan period will be acquired.

1.5 The Methodology

In order to create a national inventory of OSH information, the following activities are envisaged to be carried out in each State:

  • Identification of support information
  • Location of sources of information
  • Creation of suitable mechanism for information collection
  • Selection and use of appropriate technology for processing and storage of information.
  • Development of procedures for user friendly dissemination of information.
  • Development of suitable infrastructure for achieving the above.

1.6 The Project Team

The various activities under the Project are being carried out by the five Labour Institutes as nodal agencies. The Central Labour Institute Mumbai, is nodal agency for western states of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Gujarat.

The reports in respect of Goa & Maharashtra have been completed .

The activities under the current project for the calendar year from Jan, 2003 to Dec, 2003 were carried out jointly with the Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health of Gujarat and officers of the Safety Division CLI, Mumbai. Related departments of Govt. of Gujarat have also provided in-puts. for the reports.

The detailed List of officers as above is Annexed- Ato this report.

1.7 Activities under the Project

The present project aims at studying the existing system of recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases at unit, district and state level in the State of Gujarat, identifying the areas where improvement may be required and establishing the required system, which is in complimentary to the systems existing in other countries.

The activities of the project have been divided in the following categories:

  • Background information about the state of Gujarat - Deals with the demographic and geographic characteristics of the state of Gujarat, population in different districts and major occupations of the people.
  • Economic activities - Deals with the various aspects of economic sectors in the state, their value of production, employment generated etc.
  • Activities in manufacturing sector -Deals with the different activities carried out in the manufacturing sector as per value of production, employment generation, etc. ( provided as Annexure-B .)
  • Occupational injuries and diseases - Deals with the occupational injuries – fatal and non-fatal and cases of occupational diseases in the manufacturing sector.
  • Resources available for the management of occupational safety and health - Based on the available data in occupational injuries and diseases the facilitate the capabilities available, an attempt is made to assess the additional resources required for the strengthening the management of occupational safety and health in the State of Gujarat

Background information about the state of Gujarat



There was a tribe named Gurjaras who came in Gujarat around the 5th century AD. The name Gujarat comes from these Gurjaras.This was the time when the Huns came marauding up north. A large number of Gurjaras settled up north, but a majority moved towards the western coast where they settled for a Gurjara Rashtra. These lands were ruled over by Hindu regents for several years. This was also the entry point for the Zoroastrians into India, who fled Persia to escape victimisation from Muslims who had by then, virtually overrun the middleeast. Parsis were welcomed into the Indian community by the local Rajas, in turn they adoped Gujarati as their language.

Gujarat had long been prized property, especially because of its coast. The Rajputs managed to ward off the Muslim invaders for a while, but their superior armies soon took over the entire region, and the Sultans of Gujarat ruled these lands from the 11th century right through to the 17th century, when they finally lost their lands to the Europeans. After Independence, British-ruled Gujarat and the several princely states were clubbed together to form the state of Bombay, subsequently split into Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Gujarat is one of the most prosperous states in the country, with Gujaratis counting among the most financially secure communities. In India and abroad, Gujaratis with their indomitable>


Gujarat forms an area that housed the regions of the Indus Valley civilization and Harappan sites. Around 50 Harappan sites are found in Gujarat. Lothal, Rangpur, Amri, Lakhabaval, Rozdi etc. are some of these sites. This makes it an important territory that reveals the history of India. The Dravidian tribes were said to be the original inhabitants of this region. Even before the Aryan occupation of Gujarat it is said to have had trade contracts with Sumer, the Persian Gulf in about 1000-750BC. Rock edicts in the Girnar hills indicate that Ashoka extended his domain into Gujarat. It was during the Mauryan rule that this region witnessed the influence of Buddhism. The Mauryans also promoted trade and helped in spread of its culture. In about 150BC the Bactarian Greeks under Meander is said to have instilled their rule. Till 40AD they are said to have had trade contracts with Rome. From about AD130-390 the Scythians ruled it. After 300AD the Guptas established their reign, which lasted till 460AD. The Vallabhi established their sway in between (500-700AD). After the death of Harshvardhana, the Gujjars controlled it till 746AD.

The Solankis ruled over Gujarat till 1143. Gujarat attained its greatest territorial extend under the Solanki dynasty, from the 9th century. Muhammud of Ghazni attacked Somnath in Gujarat leading to the downfall of the Solankis. The conquest of Ala-ud-din Khilji king of Delhi in 1288 also influenced the conditions in Gujarat. The Sultans of Delhi had their sway over Gujarat from 1298-1392AD. Ahmad Shah I, the first independent Muslim ruler of Gujarat founded Ahmadabad in 1411. Then the Mughals ruled for about 2 centuries till the Marathas terminated their rule in the mid 18th century. It was during the18th century that Gujarat was divided among number of chiefs. From 1803-1827 the British set up their administration.

The British East India companies first head quarters in India was at Surat. It was later moved to Bombay. Finally in May1,1960, the state of Gujarat was formed from the north and west portions of Bombay state, the remainder being renamed the state of Maharashtra.


Gujarat's mountains are rich in scenic beauty and have been closely associated with religious and historical currents of Gujarat's life. The northern and the eastern borders are made up of mountains which are themselves either the tails or offshoots of outside ranges like the Aravallis, the Vindhyas, the Satpuras and the Sahyadris. Saurashtra contains two parallel ranges, one stretching from east to west and the other from north-east to south-west. The tracts of saline land of Kutch have three mountain ranges.

The Aravalli which is the most ancient mountain range in Gujarat lies largely in Rajasthan and enters Gujarat at Abu and zigzagging up to the Pavagadh merges into the Vindhyas. The Taranga lies on the line from Mehsana to Visnagar. The Arasur branch of the Aravalli goes in the direction of Danta, Khedbrahma, Idar and Shamlaji and joins the Vindhyas. The Satpura tail lies between the Narmada and the Tapi with Rajpipla hills. The ranges of the Sahyadri lie across the Tapi with the highest rainfall and the densest forest in the state. The Saler Muler and the Parner form part of the Sahyadri range.

The rocky region of Saurashtra has only two regular mountain ranges, the northern one having about a 357 metre peak in the Panchal region. The Bardo with the 625metre Venu peak is about 29km from Porbandar.

The Girnar which is the highest mountain in the state (1,145metres) forms a part of the range south of the Bardo and is about 160km in length. The highest peak is named after Guru Dattatreya. Garakhnath, Amba Mata, Kalika Mata etc are the names of the other peaks of Girnar. The small hill beside the Girnar, called the Jamial Shah Pir is a Muslim holy place.

The Shetrunjaya hill near Palitana is one of the five sacred hills of Jains. The hills of Talaja, Lor and Sana are known for their Buddhist caves.

Kutch is a saline tract with three mountain ranges. The hills of Kutch are devoid of plant life. Among the three main ranges in Kutch, the northern one goes by Pachham, Khadir and Pranjal. The Kala Parvat forming a part of the ranges lies between Kutch and Sind. The southern range begins at Madh and goes up to Roha.


The Banas in the north, originating in the Siranva hill in Sirohi in Rajasthan, flows by the foot hills of Abu and disappears in the desert. The Saraswati takes its birth at Koteshvar near Ambaji, flows by Siddhpur and Patan and merges into the desert.

The Sabarmati, one of the biggest rivers of north Gujarat, originates from the Dhebar lake in Rajasthan and flows towards the Gulf of Cambay. The Hathmati, the Vatrak, the Mazam, the Meshvo, the Shedhi, the Khari and the other rivulets join it. The three "virgin" rivers of the north and the Sabarmati with its tributaries are the daughters of the Aravalli ranges, while the Mahi and the Narmada with their families originate from Madhya Pradesh, the former in the big lake near Amzara and the latter in the Amarkantak. The Mahi is joined by the Bhadar, the Anas, the Panam and the Meshri. The Narmada one of the biggest and holiest river along with the only tributary, the Karjan, meets the sea, about 16km from Broach.

The Tapi takes its birth in the Satpura ranges near Betwa and enters Gujarat at Kakarapar. It flows around Surat and Rander and falls into the sea.

The Mindhola, the Purna, the Ambika, the Vanki, the Auranga, the Vapi, the Par, the Kolak and the Damanganga are the rivers of south Gujarat, which originate in the Sahyadri.

Most of the rivers of Saurashtra and Kutch dry up in the summer. The river which originate in the central Saurashtra in the Chotila range flow to the south into the desert of Kutch. Only the Aji, the Machhu and the Brahmani are northward flowing rivers. The rivers originating in the Girnar and the Gir namely the Ojhat, the Kamb, the Surekh, the Somal, the Sangwada, the Hirani, the Kpila and the Saraswati flow into the sea. The Saraswati near the Somnath and the Vastu are sacred rivers.

Though Kutch has many rivers, they are small and do not have much water. Those flowing in the north disappear in the desert, while those flowing in other directions join the sea. The Khari flowing by Bhuj meets the desert and the Magh and the Tara empty their waters in the Gulf of Cambay. The Rudramata has been bunded for irrigation, providing the only irrigation project in Kutch.

Area196,000 sq km
Population41 million
Capital cityGandhinagar
Main languagesGujarati, Hindi, English

Gujarat has always been a popular tourist destination, mainly due to the wildlife sanctuaries, ‘The Ranns of Kutch’. The Sasan Gir National Park is yet another popular pastime where one can come across lions. Most cities in this state also give the visitor a good chance to visit India in her rustic flavour.

It’s not one of India’s most visited regions, but has long been an important enter for Jains. It is one of India’s wealthiest states, supporting modern industrial complexes as well as thriving village handicrafts. The last Asiatic lions are here, and the pleasant beaches make for a good evening. The state has also seen many a rulers seize the throne in the past. However, to this day Gujaratis have reached different corners of the world and in most continents have a sizable Gujarati population with its own “Gujarat Association”. ‘Patel Motels’ in the USA are owned by the Patel community from Gujarat which seems to have a monopoly on both American motels and British supermarkets.

Two hundred years of Muslim rule from the 13th century was initially marred by destructive impulses but later led to a fruitful amalgamation of Muslim, Jain and Hindu architecture, giving rise to the unique building >

People are divided into three major groups in terms of religion – the Hindus, Jains and the Muslims, with the size of the communities divided in that order. Besides the pure Gujaratis, there are also those from Saurashtra and the people from Kutch, who have distinct cultures and speak in different dialects. There are two distinct dialects of Gujarati, in Saurashtra and Kutch.


Gujarat is especially known for its Saris. Many of these are intricately designed with inlaid Zari work. The Patola Silk from Patan is famous and one of the biggest selling fabrics in some of the larger cities. It is famous for Bandhnis, traditional Gagra- Cholis are known to be excellent craftsmen, and there is a rich arsenal of arts and crafts at the government handicraft centres. Jamnagar is famous for its tie-and-dye fabrics and brightly coloured embroidery work.


The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and dry in the northern region. The Arabian sea and the Gulf of Cambay reduce the temperature and render the climate more pleasant and healthy. The year can be divided into: the winter season from November to February, the hot season from March to May, the south-west monsoon season from June to September and the intervening month of October.

The average rainfall in Gujarat varies from 33 to152cms. The southern region of the state has an average rainfall ranging from 76 to 152cms, Dangs district having the highest average of about 190cms. The northern districts have a rainfall varying from 51 to 102cms. The rainfall in the southern highlands of Saurashtra and the Gulf of Cambay is approximately 63cms while the other parts of Saurashtra have a rainfall less than 63cms.

The semi-desert area of Kutch has a very low average rainfall. Certain areas in Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Banaskantha, Panchmahals, Surendranagar, Jamnagar and Kutch districts face chronic scarcity conditions for want of adequate rains.

As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern border of Gujarat, the state has an intensely hot or cold climate. But the Arabian sea and the Gulf of Cambay in the west and the forest covered hills in the east soften the rigors of climatic extremes


Agriculture in Gujarat forms a vital sector of the state's economy. It has to provide the required food grains for the state's population and raw materials for most of the agro-based industries. Unsuitable>

The state's agricultural productivity is low. The yields are poor and in most cases do not even approach the low level of average yield for the country. Low yields result from poor soils, inadequate rainfall, frequent droughts and floods, bad drainage and undeveloped irrigation facilities. A characteristic feature of the state's agriculture is its cropping pattern un-proportionately dominated by cash crops. The high yield of cotton in fact the highest in the country, reflects the overall emphasis on cash crops, which have claimed the best agricultural land.

A higher percentage of the land is used for cultivation in central Gujarat. Kaira, Baroda, Broach and Surat districts are the main contributors to the agricultural production of the state. Valsad has become India's first integrated horticulture district.

The state produces a large variety of crops and its cropping pattern reflects the spatial variations in climate and topography. Groundnut (highest production in the country), cotton, Tobacco (second highest production in the country), isabgul, cumin sugarcane, Jawar, Bajra, Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Tur and Gram are the important crops of Gujarat. Another cash crop which has recently entered the field though in a few selected localities is banana. Plenty of mangoes for export as well as home consumption are part of cash crops. Honey, wax and bamboo are produced in fair quantities in different forests and medicinal herbs and fruits like Jamun and guava are produced in plenty. Forests also yield considerable quantities of teak, Khair, sadad, hadariyo, manual bamboos and such good quality of wood.


In the field of music, Gujarathas made its own contribution. A number of Ragas bear the territorial names of Gujarat such as Gujaqri Todi, Bilaval (from Veraval), Sorathi, (from Sorath), Khambavati (from Khambhat, Cambay), Ahiri and Lati. These are invaluable gifts of Gujaratto the >

Gujarat has preserved folk music in its pure and pristine form by Charans and Gadhavis, a community whose hereditary profession is folk music and folk arts. Lullaby, Nupitalsongs, festive songs,Rannadesongs are the differenttypes of folk songs in Gujarat. Marsias is a peculiar form of singing at the time of death. The Vaishnava cult in Gujarat has produced a special variety of music, which can be >

Besides its contribution to >


A typical folk drama of Gujarat called Bhavai is performed in village and temple grounds by professional communities of north Gujarat, the Taragalas, Bhojakas, etc. The word Bhavai is derived from the Sanskrit word "Bhava" meaning expression of emotion. The Bhavai drama is a continuous performance lasting the whole night in which many "veshas" are performed in the open without any stage equipment. These Veshas depict episodes from the social life of the community in the countryside, focusing in satirical or farcical way the characteristics of certain sections- Banias, Bohras, wandering tribes, etc.

Continuous playing on the Bhungal, a very long wind brass instrument, before and during the performance calls the rural patrons to the scene of the Bhavai. Women are strictly tabooed from taking part in the Bhavai. Their role is performed by the male artists which makes the entire drama more ridiculous. The repertoire of the Bhavai is limited to about three dozen veshas, the authorship of which is attributed to Asait.


With the changing times, the ornaments of the women are also changing. They have become simpler and meager. They generally wear rings, ear-rings, bangles and slender chains. Bangles made of ivory and dyed in red, with a gold chip, are presented to the bride by her maternal uncle on the occasion of her marriage.


The three important languages of Gujarat are Gujarati, Urdu and Sindhi. There are eleven variants or dialects of Gujarati. Kachchi as a mother tongue is important in Kutch.


The total population of the state consists of Hindus, Muslims and Jains. Zorastrians or Parsis can also be seen in Gujarat. The caste system is strictly followed by the Hindus of Gujarat. Besides the 'Brahmins' and the 'Banias' whose functions andoccupations are fairly well determined, the community of 'Patidars' owning land is the strongest force in the economic and political life of the state. Patidars, also called Patels, are the best agriculturists of Gujarat. They are grouped into four categories namely Levas, Kadawas, Anjana and Uda. The Levas are most shrewd and are concentrated in central Gujarat. The Kadawas are most numerous in Mehsana district.

The fourth regional group which may have been a native of Gujarat is the community of aboriginals, locally known as 'Bhils', inhabit the hilly tracts of Gujarat that border the plains from Abu in the north to Dangs in the south. The Bhils may be regarded as a hybrid group in Gujarat, on the one hand absorbing Rajput blood and on the other representing a tribal sub-stratum. The Bhils regard themselves as belonging to the Kshatriya caste who had to take shelter in the hills of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, along the lower Narmada, to save themselves from the wrath of the Brahmin hero, Parashuram.

The Bhils of Gujarat thus do not possess any racial basis distinct from the other inhabitants of the region.

The tribals of Gujarat are found concentrated in the south-eastern part of Gujarat particularly in the district of Panchmahals, Surat, Baroda, and Broach. The main tribal groups are the Bhils, the Dublas, the Naika-Narkdas, the Gamits and the Dhankas.


The infertile soil in the hilly areas of the tribal settlements has left no choice except that of subsistence farming to the tribal people. Rice, jowar, bajra, and groundnut are the main crops grown by them. The tribals engage themselves in wood-cutting with which they descend to the small towns for getting the daily necessaries of life. Many have been engaged in organised forest industry, some collect lac and toddy. Tied down to their ancestral and social traditions, living in a microcosm of their own where they are governed by their own social laws, the tribals of Gujarat have yet to develop an awareness of the fast-changing social and economic conditions of life in the outer world.


The fairs in Gujarat are generally associated with some religious festival. Most of the fairs in Gujarat are held on riversides (River Narmada in Baroda and Broach districts) or near confluences of rivers, sacred ponds and reservoirs or on hillsides, sea shores or in pilgrim centres, either in Chaitra ( March/ April) or Kartika months on full moon days.

Fairs on the full moon days in the month of Chaitra are held at Chandod and at Karnali in Baroda district and at Shuklatirth in Broach district in month of Kartika. The fair held on the full moon day of the Kartika at the confluence of seven rivers near the villageVautha, in the Ahmedabad district is the most colourful one when people from far and near collect and have a holy dip in the confluence.

The fair at Shamlaji in the Sabarkantha district is a great occasion of mirth where Adivasis in thousands gather.

The Tarnatar fair in the village of Tarnetar in Surendranagar district celebrated in the honour of Lord Shiva on the 4th, 5th and 6th days of the bright half of the month of Bhadrapada ( August/ September) is also a similar joyous occasion. Muslims have also their fairs, held at their sacred places.

Madhavrai Fair at Madhavpur near Porbandar is held to celebrate the marriage by elopement of Lord Krishna and Rukmini, on the 9th day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra ( March/ April ).

Ambaji Fair dedicated to Amba, Mother goddess is held in Banaskantha district. A big annual fair during Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated at Dwaraka and Dakor with great enthusiasm.

The Urs at Shah Alam Roza in Ahmedabad and at Miran Datar in the Mehsana district are most important fairs for them.


Festivals in Gujarat symbolise people's cultural, social and religious aspirations. They help the people to live a fuller and a better life, remove monotony and provide healthy recreation. They promote unity, fellow-feeling, self-discipline and austerity.


The festival of nine nights, proceeding the Dussera is a special feature of Gujarat when both males and females congregate in village squares and temple compounds and sing and dance. The festival ends on the Dussera day, when artisans worship their instruments, agriculturists their ploughs, warriors their weapons and students their books. The Navaratri festival is closely followed by the Sharad Purnima, the full moon night in the Asvina month, when under the moon light people partake of prasad rice and milk. The people of Surat make merry on the Tapi bank.

Gujarat has two temples dedicated to two most popular mother goddesses of Gujarat, Amba Mata and Becharji Mata. On Kartika and Chaitra Purnima days and during the Navaratri days, people visit these temples and enjoy Gujarati's typical folk drama, the Bhavai.


Asvina is a month which marks the end of the harvesting season. This month ends with Diwali which is a four-day festival. The first day of the festival starts with the Laxmi Puja. The second day is considered as the day of the casting off evils. The third day is the main Diwali day. On this day every home is illuminated and decorated. The fourth and the last day is the New year day for the Gujarati's when people visit temples in colourful costumes and greet each other. The day following the new year day is called the Bhai bij day when brothers are invited by their sisters to partake of sweets with them.

The full moon day of the Kartika month, with its preceding eleventh(ekadashi) day is called the Dev-Diwali. On these days the marriage of the Tulsi plant with the Shaligram, symbolising Lord Vishnu, is celebrated in every Hindu home in Gujarat. It also marks the termination of the Chaturmans(fast), observance of four months of rainy season, during which Hindus, mostly ladies, miss a meal on every Ekadashi day and the ascetics do not move about.


Kite Festival, another festival in Gujarat is observed on the 14th of January, the day when the sun enters the tropic of cancer. On this day young boys and girls and even the old people, are on their house tops flying kites. This is really a national festival for Gujarat.


Like the Diwali, the spring festival of Holi on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna has a universal appeal. While Diwali marks the end of the monsoon and therefore the agricultural season of the Kharif crop, the Holi festival marks the agricultural season of theRabi crop.

During the entire periodbetween June and October, when most of the countryside is engaged in agriculture,the festivals are mostly days of austerity, Penance and fasting. The period includes the Gauri Puja, the Janmashtami, the Nag Panchami the Paryushan and the Ganesha Chaturthi. Women mostly celebrate many of Gujarat’s festivals. No festival except the Balev, when Brahmins change their sacred threads, is exclusiveto any particular community or section. Even on the Balev, sisters tie Rakhi on theirbrother's wristwishing them happy life. Gujarat also celebrates festivals like the Ramnavami, the Sivaratri and the Mahavir Jayanyti. Young observe Gauri puja, unmarried girls, who fast and pray for getting 'suitable>

Muslims in Gujarat have their festivals, such as the Moharrum, the prophet's day and the Id days. SimilarlyParsis celebrate their New Year dayPateti. The Christmas, the New Year day and Easter are observed by the Christians.


Gujarat is very rich in animal life. The localised forest areas of the Gir in Saurashtra, Panchmahals and Dangs are having hordes of gazelles and antelopes. The Asiatic lion is now localised in the Gir forest, which has also smaller mammals including languor's and blue bulls.

Gujarat having an extensive coastline, perennial rivers and lakes and ponds are rich in a variety of fish.

Besides Asiatic lion, tiger, panther and cheetah, the wolf, jackal and fox are also found in the forest areas of the state. Civets, the grayish languor, rabbits and porcupines are some other animals found there. The wild ass is a distinctive species found only in Gujarat, in the Rann of Kutch. The black buck in herds and the spotted deer are among the antelopes found in Gujarat.

The thick forests of Dangs, receiving maximum rains and having abundant greenery, are the home of beautiful birds such as Trogon, hornbills, barbets, babblers, racket-tailed drongos and minivets. The sarus, pea-fowls, red-wattled lapwings, parakeets, babblers and mynas are mostly found in the plains. The extensive coastal regions of the state give shelter to a number of birds such as plovers, stints, sandi pipers, curlews, lesser flamingoes, terns and gulls. During the winter, flocks of migratory birds come down to Gujarat from faraway countries, some of which have their habitat in Siberia. The great and the little Rann of Kutch, when filled with water during favourable monsoon,serve as breeding ground for flamingoes, pelicans and avocets.

While drier areas of Kutch and north Gujarat serve as haunts to gray partridges, larks, white-eared bulbuls, finch larks and sand-grouses. The pied-crested cuckoo, migrating from East Africa comes to Gujarat a little ahead of monsoon. Among the birds coming to Gujarat in winter from the north can be included the rosy pelicans, white storks, brahmany duck, which breed in Tibet, demoiselle, common cranes, other varieties of ducks, coots, snipes, moorhens, curlews and stints.

The Nal Sarovar about 65km from Ahmedabad is a veritable>


The natural vegetation of the state is restricted to areas which receive adequate rainfall and are at the same time agriculturally unproductive. Ruggedness of terrain and rocky thin soils have made some parts of the state unsuitable>

The essential criteria for the growth of forests are suitable>

Gujarat has about 19.66 lakh hectares of land under forest. A large part of the forest cover, which is economically exploitable>


Moist Deciduous Forests occur in Dangs and parts of Vyara in Surat division. These forests are not evergreen and shed their leaves during March and April, through the under-wood and shrub cover are fairly green. Teak is an important species, which drops its leaves only in the cold weather in localities, which are relatively dry or cold, but is almost evergreen in the moistest parts of its distribution. Teak needs a moderately good rainfall and a well-drained terrain. The associates of teak in the moist deciduous forests are Terminalia tomestosa and Anogeissus latifolia.


There are mixed growths of trees, which are deciduous during the dry season. The lower canopy in these forests is also deciduous with occasional evergreen or sub greens being present in the moister area. There is undergrowth of shrubs, but the light reaches the surface allowing the growth of grass which, occasionally develops into a savanna-type grass field. Bamboos are not luxuriant. Other trees of the dry deciduous forests are teak, Boswellia serrata, Anogeissus latifolia and Diospyros malanoxylon. Dry deciduous forests with teak occur in north-east Gujarat, particularly in Sabarkantha district. The forests of Junagadh are valuable for their yield of timber and of grass growing on their outer margin.


With the decreasing rainfall in the drier north the forests turn thorny and tend to assume a xerophytic character. Such forests occurring either in Kutch or north Saurashtra and Banaskantha district are characterised by Acacia arabica, Acacia leucophloea, Capparis ophylla, Zizyphus mauratiana etc. The thorny forests of north Gujarat are sparse and provide sites for cattle-grazing.There are bamboo plantations but there are virtually no trees that can yield timber.

The most common variety of Bamboo is Dendorocalamus.The most luxuriant bamboo occur in the interior of the Dangs forests. The density is guided essentially by rainfall. There are larges stands of bamboo in South Gujarat than in the North.


Gujarat has a very rich heritage of art crafts. The excavations at the Harappan sites in Gujarat at Lothal, Rangpur, Rozdi etc. have brought to light some of the very ancient handicraft articles.

The Patola of Patan is a unique fabric of Gujarat. This special variety of women's wear is strikingly attractive with its colourful geometricalpatterns. This lovely silken fabric, which resembles a printed sari is not an apparelprinted by blocks. Its tie and weave method resulting in identical patterns on both sides of the fabric, involving complicated calculations, is entirely based on the geometry of the design. The process consists of dyeing the warp and the weft threads in conformity with the proposed design on the fabric. Hand-wovenand silk yarn is used for weaving. The process is both costly andtime consuming and the market islimited with the result that the families doing this work are fast dwindling.

The Jari industry of Surat is one of the oldest handicrafts whose origin can be traced to the Mughal period. Surat is one of the biggest and important Jari manufacturing centres in India. The principal types of products are real gold and silver threads, imitation goldand silver threads, embroidery such as the Chalak, the Salama, the Kangari, the Tiki, mainly the Ring and the Katori for motifying in the Kinkhab (cloth of gold) and the Jari border weaving, embroidery, laces, caps, turbans, saris, and blouse pieces.

The Tanchoi or silk brocade is woven on silk cloth is decorated with the designs of birds, animals, leaves, fruits etc. The cloth is used for costly saris, blouses and tapestry. The Kinkhab or the Indian brocade is woven on the silkwith gold and silver threads.

Dyeing is a hereditary art. In the past cloth was dyed in colours extracted from trees and flowers. The Sarkhei suburb of Ahmedabad was one of the indigo manufacturing and exporting centres.

The Bandhani, tie and dye variety of sari is a very popular women's wear. It involves an intricate process of tying knots on the fine white fabrics, which are dipped in colours. The hues of deeper shades are used over the previous ones to form the coloured back ground of the cloth.

Cloth printing is a complicated and specialised job. It is done with engraved wooden blocks and with screens. Certain craftsman are doing superbly the work of printing different varieties which are locally called Chundadi, Patola Plain Gala, Lehria, Bandhani, Pomcha, Nagaria and so on. House hold utility and decorative materials such as table>

Temple curtains popularly known as Mat-no-Chandarvo is another type of printing work. The Vahari-Harijan families of Ahmedabad were engaged in this type of printing. It is prepared in the old madder process and depicts goddess Durga seated on the throne or on the back of a tiger and surrounded by her devotees.

Industrial Development in the state of Gujarat


Gujarat on the west coast of India is an important State having geographical area of 1,96,022 and population of 483 lakhs as per 2001 census. The State has accelerated its overall economic development during last 44 years and has witnessed structural change in economic development. The share of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary sectors has been at 19.3%, 39.2% and 41.5% respectively of the total Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) which was at Rs. 83537 crore in 2001-02 at constant (1993-94) prices. The industrial sector has witnessed impressive development in small, medium and large and factory sectors.

Small Scale Industries

Gujarat has continued to witness impressive development in the small scale sector. There were only 2169 small scale industrial units in 1961. The number of SSIs increased to 15,849 in 1970; 43,712 in 1980; 1,15,384 in 1990; crossed a figure of 2,50,000 and were at 2,51,088 in 2000. The number of small scale industrial units have increased to 2,78,656 by March 2003.

Ahmedabad leads among districts with highest number of small scale industrial units at 61,185 constituting 21.96% of total SSI units in the State. Ahmedabad is followed by Surat with 41509 units (14.90%) and Rajkot with 30,077 units (10.80%), thereby constituting 48% of total SSI units among these three districts. Besides, Valsad (17077), Vadodara (15873), Mehsana (14843), Kheda (13586), Bharuch (12766), Jamnagar (11846) and Bhavnagar (11196) have more than 10,000 small scale industrial units as on 31.03.2003.

Among different industrial sectors where small scale sector have witnessed impressive development include Textiles, Machinery and Parts and Metal Products. Textile sector with 60168 units continues to have prime position among SSI units. Machinery and parts (22931), Metal products (22218), Rubber and Plastic Products (11025), Non Metallic Mineral Products (10831), Basic Metal Industries (8007), Paper and Printing (7789) and Electrical Machinery and Apparatus (6023) are other important industrial sectors among SSIs.

Industries Commissionerate has been in the process of computerizing SSI registration data since 1993-94. The information of last eight years reveal that Gujarat has been getting an average Rs. 500 crore of investment every year in SSI Sector.

Medium and Large Industries

All industrial units other than SSIs are covered as medium and large industries. An entrepreneur is required to get approval for such project from GOI under IDR Act. GOI has liberalized the procedure of granting approval . Since introduction of new procedure in July 1991, Gujarat has received 7319 Industrial Approvals comprising of 6431 Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) Acknowledgements. Letter of Permission (LOP) for 100% Export Oriented Units (EOUs) and Letter of Intent (LOI). The total investment of all these proposals works out to Rs 2,19,688 crore. The State accounts for 16% in total projected investment in the country during post liberalization period.

Gujarat has introduced a system for ‘Monitoring of Industrial Approvals in order to know status of all these Approvals and provide assistance for expeditious implementation of the project. As on January 2004, there were 3791 projects with investment of Rs. 93927 crore have been implemented. In addition, 1448 projects with investment of Rs. 52839 crore are under implementation. These comprise of 890 projects having total investment of Rs. 805 in the investment range upto Rs. 5 crore, 497 projects with investment of Rs. 11426 crore in the investment range of Rs. 5 crore to Rs. 100 crore and 59 projects Rs. 24176 crore each having investment of above Rs. 100 crore.

The group-wise analysis of projects under implementation indicates that chemical and petrochemicals sector put together accounts for 23.4% of total investment underway. The other important sectors having investment in Gujarat include Electrical Tele & Electronic (19.73%), Glass Ceramic & Cement (7.01%) Infrastructure Project (6.54%) Textile (5.78%) Metallurgical industry (5.32%), Food Processing (4.19%) and other having (28.02%)

Census of Small Scale Industries

During the year 1999-2000, a census of SSI was carried out by Industries Commissionerate. The census covered 2,42,877 SSI units registered upto March 2000. It was possible to collect information from 2,23,022 units. The census results revealed that 1,69,020 units (75.8%) are functioning and 44,322 (19.9%) units are closed. Besides 3456 units (1.5%) did not respond and about 6224 units (2.8%) were not traceable.

The total investment among 1,69,020 functioning units was at Rs. 7446 crore while production during 1999-2000 was estimated at Rs.10,223 crore. The SSI units provide employment to 7.24 lakhs people in the State.

The census of SSIs helped in identifying small industry clusters. There are in all 83 industry clusters developed at different locations in the State. These clusters together continue 37.6% of all SSI units, 43.5% of investment, 47.8% of SSI production and 47.2% of employment in SSI sector in Gujarat.

Census of Medium and Large Industries

During the year 1999-2000 a census of medium and large scale industries was carried out. The census covered 2059 industrial units. Of these, 1570 units were found functioning which works out to 76.25% of the total surveyed units and 489 units were reported as closed or non-functioning which works out to 23.75% of the total surveyed units.

As per the survey, the investment in medium and large sector works out to Rs. 96,999 crore, total production of Rs. 1,08,821 crore. The medium and large industry sector provides employment to 3.78 lakh people.

It is also observed that 1077 units constituting 68.6% of the total functioning units are having investment less than Rs. 10 crore in each while 493 units constituting 31.4% are having investment above Rs. 10 crore in each. Per unit investment in this group works out at Rs. 3.38 crore. There are in all 180 units in the State having investment above Rs. 50 crore in each unit. These units together account for 88.7% of investment and 81.2% of production. These units together provide employment to 49% of total employment in medium and large sector.

Among industry sectors, Chemical Industry accounts for highest share of 43.5% in investment followed by Petroleum Products and Plastic Processing sector with 19.2%. Basic Metal Industry with 9.9% share. Synthetic Fibre Textiles with 5.83% share and Non-Metallic Mineral Products Industry with 5.72% share in descending order. Food Products, Electric Machinery Industry are other important sectors.

Factory Sector

As regards factory sector, there were 3911 registered factories in 1960 employing 3.46 lakh workers. The number of factories increased to 12,456 with corresponding employment of 6.35 lakhs in 1980; 16820 factories with corresponding employment of 7.47 lakhs in 1990 and 26454 factories employing 8.66 lakh workers in 2000. The registered factories have increased to 27089 employing 7.78 lakh workers in 2001. There has also been a trend of industrial dispersal in the State. The districts having more than 1000 factories in each include; Ahmedabad (4916); Vadodara (2062); Surat (19116), Rajkot (1784), Bharuch (1510), Mehsana (1391) and Valsad (1291).

The results of Annual Survey of Industry for Gujarat State indicates that the fixed capital investment in factory sector has increased to 72088 crore in 2000-01 from Rs. 95 crore in 1960-61, the gross value of output has increased to Rs.127988 crore in 2000-01 from Rs. 365 crore in 1960-61, and the value added in factory sector has increased to Rs. 16868 crore in 2000-01 from Rs. 107 crore in 1960-61. The ASI results indicate that Gujarat’s share in all India during 2000-01 was at 10.73 in factories, 16.26% in invested capital 13.81% in gross value of output and 11.74% in net value added.

Among Industry Sectors, Petroleum, Petrochemicals and Plastic Products account for 41.62% share in total Industrial output in the State. This is followed by Chemical & Chemical Products with 10.98%, Food Product with tobacco with 9.94%, Machinery with Electricals with 6.65% Synthetic, Fibre Textile with 6.49%. Basic Metal Industries with 6.17%, Cotton Textile with 6.08%, Non-Metallic Mineral Product with 3.07%, Paper Product and Printing with 2.17% Transport Equipment and parts with 1.76% and others. All these groups put together account for 95% of total industrial output in the State.


Gujarat offered incentives in the form of Capital Investment Subsidy and sales-tax benefits. During 1990-91 to 2001-02, the State provided capital subsidy to 14,858 units aggregating total amount of Rs. 834.81 crore. Besides the State Government sanctioned sales-tax incentives to 13138 units with total amount of Rs. 5452.36 crore.

Industries Corporations Progress

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation has sanctioned 249 industrial estates as on 31.3.2001 and has acquired 24533 hectares land for development of these Estates. GIDC has allotted 13158 hectares plot area and 12147 industrial sheds to industrial units in the Estates.

There were 35082 industrial units till 31st March 2002. Similarly, Gujarat Industrial Investment Corporation Ltd. Has sanctioned Term Loan of Rs. 2503 crore among 3963 industrial units till 31.3.2001.

Natural Resources

Gujarat is endowed with good natural resources, which include minerals, marine, agriculture and live stock.

The important minerals in the State include: limestone, coal, lignite, fire clay, dolomite, marbles, granite and oil.

Gujarat is an important maritime State having suitability for Aquaculture. During 2002, the State produced 5.58 lakh tones of fish comprising of 5.33 lakh tones of marine fish and 0.25 lakh tones inland fish production. Out of the total production of Rs. 1292 crore, the State exported fish worth Rs. 398 crore. Gujarat is also continued to keep its leading position.

Among agricultural resources, Gujarat is important producer of rice, wheat and maize among cereals, tur, and gram among pulses production, ground nut, rape-seed and castor among oil seeds, besides, cotton, tobacco and sugar cane among commercial crops. Gujarat is also important producer of mango, chiku, citrus and papaiya, among fruits, while potato, onion, tomato and cluster beans are important vegetable>

Gujarat accounts for good livestock resources. As per 12997 census the slive stock population is 20.97 millions which includes 6.8 million cattles, 6.3 million buffaloes, 2.01 million sheep and 4.4 million goats.


The present installed power generation capacity is at 8845 MW. In addition power generation capacity of 8683 MW is under implementation.

The Sardar Sarovar Project of Narmada Canal, 1079.85 Km length of construction was completed or under implementation. In addition 2142 Km. length of Canal’s construction is to be proposed which is provided 3980 Million Litre per day in 2021.

The State has witnessed good progress in road construction. The total road length as on 31.03.02 was 74031 kms comprising of National Highways, State Highways, District Mahor Roads and others. The State Government has introduced policy for private sector participation for road development. Similarly there was also been important development in Port section. Of the ten new Ports identified for green field development. Mundra in Kachchh has become operational besides Pipavav in Saurashtra, Maroli, Dholera and Dahej are under implementation.

The State Government has worked out Infrastructure Development Plan VISION-2010 covering 383 infrastructure projects in power, port, industrial parks, road, railways and urban infrastructure sector within estimated total investment of Rs. 1,16,993 crore. The projects implementation work has been on hand.

The State has 3236 Telephone Exchanges with 2833880 connections. In this connection, 19 internet node and having 20849 internet subscriber provide tele-communication facility by March, 02.

The state has accounted more than 9800-degree seats in Govt., Grant in-aid or in self-financing colleges. In addition 13815 seats of diploma basis having 9285 seats based on Xth and 4530 seats on XIIth. In addition, more than 2000 seats of Business Administration of Master Level and more than 1625 seats of Computer Application of master level. In addition, about 54000 seats of Industrial training Institute. All these Institutions provide sufficient and qualitative manpower of Labour, Managerial or etc. to set up new Industry.

Other Information

The State continues to enjoy its leading position in terms of better industrial relations. The mandays loss in view of strikes and lockouts continues to be minimum.

The current industrial scenario is placed as Annexure-B with details.

Economic activities Future Course



Gujarat has been a front-runner in the overall economic development of the country, as is evident from the fact that with mere 6% of geographical area and 5% of the population of India, the state contributes to 21% of the country’s exports and 6.4% of the national GDP at constant prices. If the decadal growth of Gujarat is compared with the Indian states and other Asian economies, one sees an encouraging scenario. The industrial growth of Gujarat at 8.5% is way ahead of most Indian states and many Asian tigers viz. Singapore, Malaysia and Korea.

Gujarat – A leading state in the manufacturing sector

Over a period of time, the state has established itself as second to none, especially in the manufacturing sector. The state has successfully carved out a formidable position for itself on the national map in the manufacturing sector, as is reflected from its dominance in many areas pertaining to manufacturing. An illustrative list of selected products, wherein Gujarat contributes significantly, is as under:

Sector/IndustryShare of Gujarat in National Production
Power Driven Pumps and Monoblock Pumps74%
Air & Gas Compressors70%
Steel Casting57%
CI Casting10%
Chemical Products 
Soda Ash94%
Liquid Chlorine70%
Paints & Enamels20%
Caustic Soda17%
Sulphuric Acid16%
Petrochemical Products 
Plastic Products 
Laminated/Decorative sheets14%
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals45%
Azo Dyes20%
Reactive Dyes17%
Phosphatic Fertilizers66%
Nitrogenous Fertilizers29%
Mineral Based Industries 
Food Products 
Baby food and Instant Milk Powder43%

Source : Industries Commissionarate

Policies in Retrospect : A strong foundation for a brighter tomorrow

The erstwhile policy initiatives shot the state into prominence on the industrial map of the country with a well-diversified base from a lone base of textile and its auxiliaries when the state was formed in 1960. The earlier policies including the policies of the first decade of post-liberalization period were primarily incentive centric, to attract investments in the developing areas of the state. These policies have also served the purpose. This instrument is no longer available since 2000 and hence, the state came out with a different policy initiative in 2000, primarily focusing on strengthening the manufacturing sector with emphasis on strengthening existing clusters and creating new clusters, promotion of IT and knowledge based industries, enhancing exports, development of small and service sector, technology up gradation programme, R&D, setting up of Industrial Parks, up gradation of infrastructure, support for environmental protection measures, etc. Since then, however, certain new developments have occurred, especially in the form of markets increasingly getting integrated with global economy and the state emerging with substantial reserves of gas, which would transform the economy of the state to flourish on the basis of cheaper and cleaner source of energy. These developments necessitated fine-tuning of the policy initiatives.

Process of Economic Reforms : Gujarat the Leader

Gujarat, being a leading state in terms of economic development in the country, is watchful of the internal and external environment governing any change; and, accordingly, implements the reforms quickly. As a result, the state has earned the distinction of being the first state to advance the reform process in the country. When in Indian economy was under protective environment and most of the activities were under Government control, Gujarat had, for the first time in the country, stepped in the direction of privatization. Today, when the Union Government and other state Governments have initiated the process of privatization, Gujarat has already started enjoying the sweet fruits of it. In the decade of 80s, a large number of industrial enterprises were set up in the joint sector in Gujarat. In spite of Government partnership in these ventures, most of them turned out to be blue chip companies. As and when these ventures turned viable, the Government withdrew its investment from them. Thus, Government of Gujarat had played a role of financial promoter and facilitator to remove bottlenecks in establishment of these projects. The day to day operation of these ventures were assigned to the private sector partner. Today, most of these ventures are under the management of the private sector. Similarly, Government of Gujarat, for the first time in the country, had enacted the Gujarat Infrastructure Development Act; which not only facilitates but accelerates the process of setting up of infrastructure projects with the help of private sector investment. The Gujarat Disaster Management Act is yet another example through which the state is now capable of facing the challenges of any type of disaster. The State Government has also initiated the process of reforms in power sector and, as a result, in the coming years the consumers will certainly be benefited. Labour reforms will also become an important attraction for investment in the state in the coming years and other states will be inspired to emulate the same. Recently, the State Government has passed legislation to facilitate speedy establishment of Special Economic Zones. These SEZs will prove to be ideal destinations for industrial investment on account of the flexibility of labour laws. Gujarat has brought about important and revolutionary reforms in its taxation regime for the first time in the country, which has brought in simplification, transparency and harmony in the taxation system. Some of the reforms have resulted in the reduction of tax for the taxpayers. The Government of India had in the past, constituted a committee to explore the possibilities of linkages of river waters. In Gujarat, the process of linkage has already been initiated by transferring waters of Narmada in the rivers of Mahi and Sabarmati through canal network. Thus, any developmental reform considered by Gujarat today is followed by other states in the country. Like a leader in any other sector, Gujarat is way ahead of other states in India in the reform process too.

Objectives and Strategy

The primary objective of the Industrial Policy 2003 is to achieve global competitiveness for Industries in Gujarat

However, addressing the gamut of all issues relating to Industrial Development to be encompassed in a single sentence would not be complete and thus the objective will have to be viewed in a broader perspective in terms of ancillary objectives. With this in mind the ancillary objectives are stated as under:

  • To create a conducive environment for the investors who would be inspired to think of Gujarat first for his investment plans thereby enabling Gujarat to emerge as the most competitive destination for investment in the 21st century.
  • To equip new entrepreneurs as well as existing enterprises with the latest information in relevant field(s).
  • To strengthen the facilitation mechanism at the Government level – both at the state and district levels.
  • To sensitize the administration to the needs of the industries.
  • To implement the concept of e-governance in letter and spirit.
  • To further strengthen the current mechanism for redressal of legitimate Grievances.
  • To develop the best of infrastructure facilities by infusing private sector investment.
  • To empower the industrial estates to undertake developmental responsibilities.
  • To enhance the quality of life in the state, as viewed by investors.
  • To establish strategic linkages between educational institutions including universities and the industries to meet with future requirements of manpower, by introducing appropriate courses.
  • To take suitable measures for development of human resources through capacity building and skill up gradation for enhancement of productivity.
  • To evolve a conducive business environment by introducing labour reforms
  • To bring about simplification of rules, regulations and procedural aspects.
  • To arrest environmental degradation
  • With Sardar Sarovar Project on Narmada River nearing completion, Gujarat will witness a boom in agriculture sector and the state plans to capitalize on the increased agro production to process this wealth into profitable venture by developing necessary infrastructure.
  • To strengthen the mature manufacturing segments in the state.

To promote industries which are labour-intensive in nature to create large-scale employment opportunities in the state.

Information and Facilitation

The basic aim is to create an atmosphere which should inspire any investor unable to resist to think of Gujarat first for his investment plans.

Information: The Key to Success for any business enterprise

This is the era of information and awareness. The person who has maximum information on the subject he deals with will ultimately win amongst all his competitors. This dictum is true in the case of establishing and managing any business enterprise. The Government realizes this fact and has thus decided to equip the new entrepreneurs as well as the existing enterprises with the latest information available in the relevant fields. A new entrepreneur would require information right from the stage of selection of a project, market potential, availability of infrastructure at different alternative locations, Government assistance and facilitation, economic and social indicators, regulatory framework governing a particular industry/activity, compliance of laws, pollution norms, procedural aspects, etc. At the state level, iNDEXTb has been functioning to act a single point contact for all the information needs of an entrepreneur since last over 25 years. The services of iNDEXTb have been very widely acknowledged by the industrial community not only in India but also in many parts of the world. The Government now plans to make available all the relevant information at the district level by installing information kiosks at important places. In addition, capacity building of the counseling staff is also envisaged by imparting training. For the purpose, the Government of Gujarat would like to make extensive use of information technology at all the levels.

Facilitation: Giving a momentum to the pace Developmental Process

Globally, the role of Government is being redefined from that of a mere regulator/controller to a facilitator. Government of Gujarat recognizes and appreciates the fact that it is more than imperative to create an environment wherein an investor views a Government officer as someone who would be eager to empathize with his concerns. The Government considers this quality of being able to ‘empathize’ to be at the heart of its facilitation initiatives, which in itself encapsulates an array of important issues. Government believes that the process of facilitation should be a bottom-top approach. District Industries Centers are the face of the Government at the district level and in today’s era of marketing, the quality of front-end staff will be as important as the reception of any office, ultimately dictating the quality of services to lead the industrialization drive in the state. It is this hospitable>

Facilitation by Government

The primary aim of this initiative is to facilitate an investor for ‘quick’ solution to his problems, to give him a feeling of ‘comfort’ and to create an atmosphere that reduces ‘uncertainty’. The Government recognizes these three issues as the main concerns of an investor.

Reincarnation of District Industries Centers

The District Industries Centers (DICs) will be the nerve centers for implementation of Government’s facilitation initiatives. Going with the spirit of the initiative, it has been decided to rename the District Industries Center as District Industries Development Center (DIDC).

As mentioned earlier, Information Technology has eased the process of communication by way of convenient accessibility to an array of information. Thus, in order to facilitate easy dissemination of information, Government of Gujarat would be setting up kiosks at all the DIDCs so that for an entrepreneur, the desired information access would be just a button click away. The kiosk would contain exhaustive information to cater to any kind of needs of a visitor. The kiosks, besides DIDC will be placed at important places like all the offices of Industries Department in the state including that of Boards and Corporations, regional offices of Government in other states, Office of the Resident Commissioner and iNDEXTb office at New Delhi, etc. The DIDCs would also be networked so that there can be useful exchange of information. The DIDC through information kiosks would be fully equipped with all the information relating to economy, commerce and industry for all the districts so as to enable it to serve as the single point contact for all the information needs of any investor. All the operations of DIDCs would be fully computerized. They will have to treat the entrepreneur/visitor not as an applicant, but a valuable client. Extensive human resource capacity building exercises would be undertaken with the help of professional agencies to bring about attitudinal changes in the lower staff.

Infrastructure and Empowerment of Industrial Estates

Infrastructure Development - A Priority On The State Agenda

Sound physical infrastructure with easy availability of key utilities is a dream scenario for any investor. The state is aware of the fact that at present, the investment in industry overshoots the investment in infrastructure. While this may offer faster economic growth in the short run, it might ultimately prove to be unsustainable. Therefore, both industry and infrastructure should keep pace with each other so that the balance of regional development is not affected. Although Gujarat boasts of a State with one of the best infrastructure facilities, it is realized that since last a few years, other states in India have also speeded up the activity to augment their infrastructure facilities. The state has therefore, decided to benchmark itself with the quality of infrastructure available in developed countries and would also ensure that this infrastructure would be made available to both the industries and citizens at reasonable tariffs. Thus, to hasten the pace of infrastructure development, the Government would consider revisiting the existing Vision 2010 document and tailor the infrastructure projects by adding lucrative features, so as to attract private sector investment, more specifically the global players. In addition, projects with smaller financial magnitude may be identified and implemented with the help of private sector investment immediately. The state would also commission a study to identify the deterrents if any, coming in the way of private sector investment in infrastructure projects and remove them immediately. Development of infrastructure is the top priority on the state agenda.

Strengthening road network

Though Gujarat has relatively a good network of roads, it plans to strengthen this network further by converting existing roads into multi-lane roads and expressways depending upon the traffic requirements.

Pipeline for bulk supply of water

The Government also is in the process of laying pipeline all across the state for bulk supply of water for drinking and industrial purposes from the network of Narmada canals especially in the areas of Saurashtra, Kachchh and North Gujarat. This will ease the perennial shortage of water in these areas and it should be possible to promote industries requiring substantial quantities of water in these areas.

Gauge conversion of railway tracks

The State Government will pursue the Ministry of Railways to complete the gauge conversion of all the rail tracks in the state as early as possible. The Government is also considering implementing metro rail project between Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar to ease the load of traffic congestion.

Establishment of SEZs and Industrial Parks

Recently, the Government came out with ordinances to encourage private developers to set up SEZs and Industrial Parks. Both these ordinances will be converted into Acts very soon. The Government will also continue to offer financial assistance for employment-oriented parks, high-tech parks and investment-oriented parks under the present scheme.

Up gradation of GIDC and private Estates

Good infrastructure is the crucial requirement of the industries. The Government is committed to bring about qualitative change in the conditions of existing GIDC estates. Some of the estates were set up in the decades of 60s and 70s and the infrastructure was designed and developed with the requirements of the time then. The Government has planned to convert the existing land allotted on leasehold basis to freehold basis to the allottees by charging appropriate premium. A portion of the premium so collected would form an integral part of a special fund to be created for up gradation of GIDC and other industrial estates, known as Industrial Estate Development Fund (IEDF). This issue is dealt in more detail in subsequent part of the chapter. The Government also plans to facilitate broadband access in major industrial estates. The new industrial estates being set up by GIDC now will have all modern amenities

Greater emphasis for up gradation of urban infrastructure

Again, keeping in mind the need to provide better quality of life to the citizens in the State, greater emphasis will now be paid to upgrade the urban infrastructure including civic amenities. For the purpose, the local bodies would be strengthened by way of greater autonomy, expertise and funding not only to maintain the existing infrastructure and systems but also to upgrade the same on a continuous basis.

Establishment of Trade Centres

Setting up of new trade centres with private investment will be encouraged and for the purpose, the existing scheme of providing subsidy for such trade centres will be continued. Looking to the present status of developments, it is felt that there is a good scope for setting up international trade centres for textiles and diamond at various places in general and more particularly in Ahmedabad and Surat. For the purpose, the state will provide all necessary facilitation services to the developers.

Empowerment of Industrial Estates

The process of facilitation would be incomplete without an active involvement and support from the representative bodies of trade and industry. For the purpose, the industrial estates will be empowered to undertake developmental activities. The Industrial Estates will aggressively take up the issues of development, maintenance and up gradation of infrastructure in their respective estates. Various innovative measures have been devised to be implemented through representative bodies of industries by redefining their role by way of developing physical, social and service infrastructure as also strengthening the member units in terms of their capacity to compete at international levels. A special fund, Industrial Estate Development Fund (IEDF) would be created for the purpose. A portion of the premium received from the conversion from leasehold land to freehold land would constitute a part of IEDF, besides the fund available through other schemes as well as market borrowings. The quantum of this fund to be made available to the individual industrial estates would depend upon their performance rating by private accredited agencies in terms of various quantitative and qualitative parameters, including managerial competence and financial management acumen. At the industrial estate level, a committee would be constituted to take decisions on the use of the funds with a representative each of GIDC and Government.

Performance rating and appraisal

As outlined above, the Government plans to empower the industrial estates by placing funds for implementation of various developmental projects in respective estates/clusters at their disposal. Each estate/cluster may have varying capacities to handle the nature and size of the projects. Before therefore deciding the quantum and nature of assistance, the Government would arrange for performance appraisal of the industrial estates from the viewpoint of technical and managerial competence as well as acumen of financial management. Past record would also be taken into account, while deciding the grading of individual estates. This rating will be carried out with the help of accredited private agencies every year and on the basis of the grading, the Government will decide the quantum of financial assistance. The rating system would infuse a culture of competition among the industrial estates, which would ultimately result into the development of member units.

Issues Pertaining to Allotment of Land

Making the land available in time for industrial use at a reasonable and competitive price without any hassle is the main concern of every investor to ensure that the project goes on stream without undue delay and the policy therefore has rightly given due weight age to this issue. The important issues involved are: easy availability of private land/Government land, clearing of NA permission, land acquisition and evaluation of land. Keeping in view the objective to promote industrialization in Gujarat, the Revenue Dept has so far taken following steps vide different GRs to facilitate allocation of land to industries.

  • A provision of Deemed NA has been made which allows a bonafide industrialist to acquire agricultural land and commence activity without prior NA permission, as per the provisions under Sections 63 & 65 (as amended) of Land Acquisition Act. At the executive level of local administration as well as for the knowledge of industries, this provision will be reiterated.
  • Land under restricted tenure is now easily convertible to old tenure for industrial purposes.
  • Section 63AA of Gujarat Tendency Act which came into effect from 6th March 77 enables a bonafide industrialist to possess agricultural land for setting up industrial undertaking without prior approval of the District Collector.
  • For valuation of Government land, the value up to Rs.50 lakhs is decided by the District Level Pricing Committee. In case of value exceeding Rs.50 lakhs is decided by the State Level Pricing Committee. This mechanism facilitates appropriate and quick evaluation of land.

As regards land acquisition, urgency clause is also invoked in deserving cases of public or private limited companies to facilitate quicker possession of land for industrial purposes.

Quality of life

Providing better quality of life in cities

It is universally recognized, the important role that quality of life indicators plays in attracting investments and retaining talents in a state. Several recent state comparisons have also highlighted the urgent need to integrate industrial development with aspects of urban development that ensure a good living experience of both professionals and investors as an important criterion for determination of investment locations. For this, it is proposed that a series of quality of life indicators will be identified for regular monitoring to ensure that development takes place in this area concurrent to the needs of advanced industrial infrastructure.

Parameters for urban upgradation : From the viewpoint of Investors

Suggested parameters for monitoring and urban upgradation are:

  • Quality of education facilities in all major cities
  • Daily commute experience within the city and the adjoining areas
  • Green ambience and pollution free environment
  • Entertainment, amusement, golf course, local tourist spots and picnic facilities
  • Quality healthcare facilities, health clubs, resorts & joggers’ parks
  • Cosmopolitan and liberal atmosphere
  • Overall competitive cost of living index
  • Intellectual stimulus for professionals
  • Facilities for short term advanced courses in specialized areas available in cities for professionals
  • Broadband connectivity in line with global standards
  • Modern airports and railway stations

Develop model cities in Gujarat

The Government plans to develop model cities in the state comparable to other good cities in the world, in the coming years with consideration of the above factors. The Government attaches greater importance to this initiative, which will result in multi-dimensional benefits

Resource Development

A sound educational system is quintessential when the question of strengthening the social fabric of a region arises. It is a known fact that Gujarat is the house of many internationally reputed institutions, which provide the trained manpower to the industries. This includes both the general education and higher education in knowledge and technology disciplines. Today with the world shrinking its identity to a ‘global village’, the industrial sector is seeking a variety of skills. The Government of Gujarat firmly believes that quality has to be the buzzword for any industrial enterprise planning to strengthen its base in international market and therefore, would require the manpower of the same quality as is the international quality of its products. The basic approach is subsumed in the following caption – From ‘school’ to ‘skill’ to contribution to ‘society’. The ultimate result should be to enable an individual to give increased contribution to the society.

Apart from some prestigious educational institutions like IIM, NID, NIFT, EDI, Nirma Institute of Management, CEPT, DAIICT, the state is also the home of 26 engineering colleges, 61 polytechnics, 26 management study institutions, 25 colleges for computer applications, 219 Industrial Training Centres and other vocational training institutes.

R&D activities assuming paramount importance

In the coming years research and development activities would be of paramount importance and with the onset of World Trade Organization (WTO) regime, the new adage for industries would be “innovate or perish”. The industries thus would be encouraged to exploit the vast reservoir of experience and knowledge of universities to gain a cutting edge in terms of quality in the market getting increasingly characterized by commoditization. The industry on their part would assist the educational institutions in developing quality infrastructure and by sensitizing the universities with their manpower requirements.

Establishing synergy between educational institutions and the industries

The following initiatives would however, be taken up by Government to strengthen the linkages between Educational Institutions and Industries:

· Tailoring the courses in line with the requirements of the industry that would enable a person to make useful contribution to the society.

  • Specialized courses would be introduced for specific sectors over a period of time.
  • Prominent-ones under consideration are:
  • Port Development and Management
  • Urban Planning and Development
  • Marine Engineering
  • Water Management
  • Mining Management
  • Hospital Management
  • Education Management
  • Tourism-related courses
  • Disaster Management
  • Event Management
  • Bio-Pharma
  • Product design Management
  • … and other globally important areas.


Industrial Development is a pre-requisite for the prosperity of any region. However, the pursuit for progress should not be at the cost of Mother Nature because ultimately as responsible citizens of the state, it behooves on us to leave an environment good enough to be relished, by our future generation. Any developmental activity would bring pressure on environmental resources if not carried out in a planned and organized manner. Having realized this fact, the Government of Gujarat from time to time has taken several pro-active measures to ensure that the industries adhere to the stipulated norms pertaining to environment. Gujarat would boast of having the highest number of common effluent treatment plants for treatment of effluents generated in different estates. The state also scores over other states in the matter of Technically Safe Disposal Facilities (TSDFs) for disposal of solid and hazardous wastes and Common Conveyance Facilities for safe disposal of treated effluents. These initiatives could be attributed to the proactive role of the state Government in the Forests and Env. Dept as well as the Gujarat Pollution Control Board, as far as environmental management and pollution control leading to sustainable development is concerned. However, in the recent years, a need is felt that with environmental issues gaining a relatively significant weight age in all international forma, it is necessary to fine-tune the current policy in line with the global requirements. The Government of Gujarat also appreciates and accepts the fact that industries are mature enough to shoulder some part of the responsibility for maintaining a cleaner environment. Before however considering the proposed policy initiatives, it would be worthwhile to recapitulate some of the initiatives taken in the recent past and the achievements thereof.

Common Consent/Authorization

GPCB issues statutory clearances in the form of consents and authorization under the provision of the Water Act 1974 and the Air Act 1981 as well as Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989. The industries are required to make separate applications at different points of time to obtain these clearances and they were issued for a period of one year. The GPCB has now taken an initiative and devised a mechanism under which a common form both for consents and authorization will have to be submitted and the consents and authorization will be issued for a period of five years instead of one year as at present.

Expanded list of industries exempted for NOC from GPCB

Normally all the industries before being set up are required to obtain a NOC from the GPCB, unless otherwise they are exempted. There are certain categories of industries having very low or no potential for causing any kind of pollution and therefore, they could be exempted from obtaining the NOC from the Board. The list of industries having been exempt for the NOC from the Board has been expanded from time to time more specifically during last two years and as on date, there are 100 such categories of industries/activities which do not require NOC from GPCB.

Delegation of powers at the Regional level

The powers for granting NOC, consents etc. were earlier vested with the Head Office of the Board. In order to ensure expeditious decision making and promoting decentralization, the Board has now delegated the power for certain categories of industries to the Environmental Engineers in the Head Office as well as at the Regional Offices, especially for SSI units and the units falling in the Green Category. The powers have also been delegated to the Regional Offices for the units coming up in SEZs.

Environmental Zoning and Mapping of all the districts of the State

The Government through Gujarat Pollution Control Board has undertaken environmental zoning and mapping exercise for all the districts, thereby clearly demarcating environmental zones in different categories and defining the pollution control measures required to be undertaken for locating industrial units in different zones. This will help the industries to select the potential location(s) for their projects without any apprehension. Apart from this, processing of applications for NOC/consent will also be faster and the overall cost of compliance to environmental norms will be lower, on account of reduced cost of conveyance and other rehabilitation efforts such as plantation of trees etc. However Gujarat being a border state, approval of Ministry of Defence, Government of India and Surveyor General of India will be required. At present, such exercise in respect of five districts of Junagadh, Jamnagar, Porbandar, Panchmahals and Dahod is complete and GPCB has also received the approval from the Ministry of Defence through CPCB. The zoning exercise is also complete for the districts of Kachchh, Amreli, Kheda and Anand and the maps have been sent for approval to Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Work for districts of Valsad, Navsari, Surat, Bharuch, Narmada, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Surendranagar and Rajkot is in progress and is expected to be completed by the end of September 2003. The maps will thereafter be sent for approval of CPCB. By December 2004, the Government plans to complete zoning and mapping exercise of all the districts. This information will be widely disseminated through websites and printed literature.

Fast Track Clearance Mechanism for projects in Kachchh

Considering the special nature and need to promote faster industrialization in the district of Kachch in view of the liberal incentives offered both by the Central and State Governments for a limited period of time due to the devastating earthquake of 26th Jan 01 causing large scale destruction of properties leading to the depressed economic activities, the GPCB has introduced a Fast Track Clearance Mechanism for the new projects coming up in the district of Kachchh under which the decisions on the applications seeking clearances from GPCB are taken within a period of 15 days.

Gold Pass System

Gujarat Pollution Control Board has introduced a system of Gold Pass for the existing units having followed the pollution norms satisfactorily in the past, for expeditious processing of their future applications.

Guidelines for Statutory Clearances

To facilitate project proponents, various guidelines are issued by the Forests & Env. Dept as well as the GPCB, indicating the checklist of documents required along with the application seeking statutory clearances.

Agro Processing Industries

It is an obvious and unanimous submission that the State of Gujarat is one of the most industrialized states in the country. In case of agriculture production and management of farm produces also, the state is accelerating its pace to maintain its position as a front-runner in the country. The sector has strong base with highly diversified cropping and farming community, which is responsive to changes in agricultural technologies and practices. The state also has other strengths like decent logistical infrastructure like airports, seaports and extensive road and rail network.

The state appreciates the fact that a large cross-section of people from our society earns their livelihood from this sector and although it plays a tertiary role in the State’s Gross Domestic Product, it offers tremendous potential for exploitation. The major crops produced in the state include rice, wheat, maize, oilseeds, cotton, vegetable>

Government has decided that by adopting a holistic approach, the existing agriculture base of Gujarat would be strengthened using modern techniques and equipment, by upgrading the existing logistical framework and by ensuring that more and more farm produces make their way into the processing chain. The Government would also strive to create a world >

Role of Government

An array of financial and non-financial schemes enunciated in the Gujarat Agro Industrial Policy 2000, listed as under, would be continued.

  • Interest subsidy to Agro Industrial units and Agri Infrastructure projects
  • Assistance for preparation of project report
  • Assistance for setting up of centre of excellence/specific crop development institute.
  • Assistance for quality certification and patent registration
  • Airfreight subsidy
  • Assistance for research & development
  • Equity participation in joint sector projects


The State Government will provide government land, including agriculture farms, on long-term lease basis at concessional rates to agro industries and agro-infrastructure projects including centres of excellence.

Venture capital fund

Having recognized the need for a venture fund to cater to the needs of prospective entrepreneurs who have developed or acquired unique technologies in agro & food processing, horticulture, aquaculture, sericulture, hi-tech agriculture and such other agro-related projects, the State Government shall create a venture fund for agro-industries in association with financial institutions/ banks etc.

In the current scenario, when new discoveries in energy sector are waiting to be commercially exploited by industrial sector and when Gujarat is forging ahead towards a gas-based economy, the Government has resolved to take rapid strides towards enabling the industries with competitive, cleaner and efficient energy resources. For the purpose, some steps have been enunciated in the later part of this chapter to ensure availability of quality power. As per the provisions in the recently introduced Central Electricity Bill 2003, in order to augment the overall power generation, the system of power generation by a group of industries/associations for their member units would be encouraged. In order to ensure optimum utilization of availability of gas and pipeline infrastructure being developed all across the state, gas based power generation as well as adoption of gas as feedstock to be used by individual industries as fuel would be encouraged. This will serve the dual purpose of supplying efficient and reliable source of energy to industries, at the same time promoting a cleaner environment. The Government believes that the process of innovation in the energy sector should not encounter any roadblocks in the way of non-conventional sources of energy. Thus, the non-conventional sources of energy like wind energy, solar energy etc. would also be encouraged in a big way.

In the direction of power sector reforms

The Energy and Petrochemicals Dept has also taken certain initiatives to provide comfort to the industries. It is worthwhile to recapitulate the details of the steps taken before discussing the policy initiatives.

  • During the 9th Plan, 2108 MW power generation capacity was added in the system and the installed capacity has now reached to 8576 MW at the end of 2002-03. During the 10th Five Year Plan, the state has planned to add more than 4,000 MW generation capacity.
  • Special efforts were also made to increase the Plant Load Factor (PLF) of the existing power station by way of taking up measures on renovation and modernization as well as following good maintenance practices for increase in generation and efficiency. GEB attained PLF 69.69% at the end of the year 2002-03 which is the highest ever.
  • The State Captive Power Policy, 1998 got tremendous response. At present, the sanctioned captive power capacity is more than 3,500 MW, of which approx. 2200-2500 MW of power is currently generated. GEB avails the surplus power as and when required and the units are also permitted to supply power to their sister concerns.
  • In Power Sector Reforms, the state has already set up Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission to decide the tariff of electricity. Moreover, the Gujarat Electricity Industry (Reorganization & Regulation) Act, 2003 has also been enacted to provide smoother and speedier reorganization and rationalization of electricity industry. It has also been decided to reorganize activities of GEB into a Generation Company, a Transmission Company and four Distribution Companies with professional managements. It has also been provided to constitute separate distribution companies for major cities of the state. Various provisions in the Electricity Act 2003 on free generation, open access and third party sale of electricity, regulations by regulatory authority would also further boost the power sector in the state in the near future.
  • To rationalize the tax structure on the sale of electricity, it may be worthwhile to note that Gujarat has removed the sales tax on sale of electricity w.e.f. 1st April 2002, thus extending relief to the extent of Rs.260 crore per year to all the categories of consumers.
  • Further, the new industrial units are also exempted from payment of ED for a period of 5 years. The industrial units which generates electricity for captive requirements are also exempt from the payment of ED for the initial period of 5 years.

With a view to providing power supply round the clock in the rural areas, the state has introduced a scheme Jyoti Gram Yojana from the current financial year which would boost the cottage and agro industries in the rural areas.

Small and Medium Enterprises

Gujarat, since many years has been known as the land of entrepreneurs. It is this entrepreneurial spirit that ushered the process of emergence of a sector characterized by many small and medium scale industries in the state. Small-scale industries are the major contributors to the economy of any region. Looking to the nature of investment and technology adopted by them, they offer wide scope for employment opportunities thus helping to alleviate the core problem of unemployment in our country. The sector has matured over a period of time driven by the business acumen of the entrepreneurs in terms of their technical skills and capability to run units with lower overheads. However, with the Indian economy steadily aligning with the global environment, a need is now felt to strengthen small and medium sector units in terms of an array of needs like capacity building, infrastructural support, financing, technology up gradation, research and development activities, quality improvement, market access and many more … so as to enable them to have competitive advantages in the international market.

Cluster Development Approach

The strong presence of 76 identified manufacturing sectors consisting of a large number of small and medium scale industries provides a very vibrant manufacturing base for the state. Each of these sectors is located in clusters spread throughout the state. With increasing extent of globalization and liberalization, when economies of scale and quality would play predominant role in the international trade, empowering industries of the state to meet with such challenges is an imperative need of the present time. The cluster development approach is therefore an important initiative for empowering the clusters to face the challenges.

The Government therefore, plans to strengthen existing clusters in the state to provide necessary support to meet with the challenges ahead. A cluster would be defined as a group of industries manufacturing identical and complimentary products. The Government has decided to recognize a cluster with a critical mass of a minimum of 50 units located within the radius of 10 kms at a particular location. The number of 50 units could be relaxed by the Government in respect of certain sectors having regard to the managerial and technical competence, size and the nature of the industry. The Government aims to empower the clusters by providing need-based financial assistance for taking up strengthening activities. For the purpose, individual clusters will be rated by accredited rating agencies in terms of technical and managerial competence, level of maturity, administrative set up, past track record, transparency of operations, etc. Based on the grading, quantum of financial assistance will be decided. The assistance will be provided for the purpose of helping the clusters in up gradation of both product design and technology, quality improvement, R&D activities, common branding and marketing facilities, development of common facilities such as library, testing and certification laboratories, tool room, soft skill development, capacity building for workers and supervisors in terms of skill up gradation and productivity, etc besides the up gradation/creation of common infrastructure facilities . Assistance to the identified clusters will be from existing schemes of the government. Detailed guidelines for assistance will be laid down separately.

The Government also has decided to offer concessions in the form of electricity duty exemption for a period of first five years to the cluster associations if they set up either common power plants or common effluent treatment plants or waste recycling plants.

Develop common facility centres in clusters

Small-scale industries have proved to be a major contributor to the economy of the state, both in terms of value addition and employment generation and therefore, their importance cannot be understated. However, in the coming years, Government feels that for small units to survive and prosper, ‘consolidation’ would be the key. The existing clusters need to be strengthened so as to enable them to convert adversities into opportunities. The role of the respective cluster associations would therefore, be crucial in this context. The associations would be encouraged to take up the following activities.

  • Creation of common facilities like Research and Development laboratories, the fruits of which can be reaped by all the participants. Improved technology and quality product designs would be the password for the small scale units for entry in the international market and the associations would make a periodic review of their member units on this aspect.
  • The cluster associations will also help the member units by involving R&D institutions in up gradation of technology with the help of Government fund
  • The associations will assist their member units to tie up bank finance and at the same time will also help the banks to recover their dues.
  • The Government will also encourage cluster associations to set up cooperative banks to enable members units to avail of finances at competitive cost. For the purpose, the Government would provide necessary interventions in terms of ensuring proper monitoring and regulating operations, human resource development and arrangement of funds.
  • The associations will also help the units to find new markets. For the purpose, they will maintain an extensive information bank of the opportunities available for their cluster products in other markets, as also they will strive to devise strategies for strengthening existing markets of their member units. They would make representations to the Government, if the latter’s intervention is required.
  • The associations will encourage common branding and marketing through the brand development and marketing fund. Government considers this to be a very important aspect, as it will enable the units to channelize their efforts in a focused direction as also it would initiate a process of projecting image of Gujarat as a leading producer of quality goods.
  • The cluster associations will launch a campaign for the use of cleaner technologies. For the purpose, arrangement would be made to provide information on advice and guidance as well as training on pollution control norms.
  • The cluster associations will also arrange for the capacity enhancement programmes including productivity improvement for the workforce engaged in the member units.
  • The cluster associations will also motivate the member units to go for review of energy and water consumption's for the purpose of conservation of these resources. For the purpose, they will also be encouraged to use energy efficient devices as well as minor modifications in the process design to change the operating conditions.
  • The cluster associations may arrange for a collective participation in national as well as international fairs.

SME Sector

Apart from the approach of cluster development as outlined above, the need for strengthening the existing SME units also assumes importance. However, such assistance should be done in a manner that good and healthy unit with managerial and financial strengths would feel encouraged by the recognition of performance. Yet genuine sick and weak units should also be extended a helping hand. A concept of credit and performance rating would enable Government to assist such units. This concept should also enable the unit to approach money market for borrowing at reasonable rates of interest. This will be very useful because of a feeling of general neglect of SSIs by banking institutions and ailing SFCs.

Occupational injuries


The occupational injuries as recorded in the different regions of Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat are discussed herein below:


Ahmedabad is the principal city of Gujarat and is the second largest industrial centre of India. This city was founded by a Muslim ruler Sultan Ahmed Shah (hence Ahmedabad) in 1411 AD

Population: Approx. 36 lakh People

Altitude: 55 m. (183 ft.)

Language: Gujarati, Rajasthani, English & Hindi

Clothing: Light clothes with dark sunglasses and hat to protect from scorching sun. STD Code: 079

Ahmedabad has a very hot and humid type of climate. The temperatures vary greatly between day and night. The variations stretch to as much as 20c between the maximum temperature in the day and the minimum at night. The temperature during summer soars up to 45 degrees and in winters it dips to as low as 5 degrees.

November to February: max 34c, min 11c
March to June: max 45c, min 20c
July to October: max 34c, min 19c

There isn't substantial rainfall except some showers in July and August, during which time the atmosphere becomes very humid and sultry. Therefore the best time to visit Ahmedabad is during the months of October and March.

In 1615, the British representative Sir Thomas compared this city to London. Shah Jahan, builder of Taj Mahal, spent the first few years of his married life in Ahmedabad with his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Ahmedabad also played a prominent role during the freedom movement of India as it was the centre of Mahatma Gandhi's activities for some years.

The city has number of attractions for travellers. It is one of the best places which blends Islamic and Hindu architectural >

The bazaar streets are narrow and crowded but also colorful.

The city lies on the banks of Sabarmati river. Across the river are many buildings and museum. Unlike in other large cities, there's little evidence of the British period in Ahmedabad.

Once upon a time the city was enclosed with walls; now almost all of them are demolished, but some of the gates are still remaining.



Fall Of Persons17221.91
Fall Of Objects15720
Steping, Striking, Struck Against35344.97
Caught In Between Objects394.968
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp313.949
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects40.51
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.232.93
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals232.93
Food & Beverages30.382
Power Generation141.783



Fall Of Persons821.05
Fall Of Objects25.263
Steping, Striking, Struck Against37.895
Caught In Between Objects37.895
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp25.263
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects410.53
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.615.79
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals718.42
Food & Beverages37.895
Power Generation00
Multiple Location00
General Injury923.68
Unspecified Location2360.53


Fall Of Persons423.53
Fall Of Objects00
Steping, Striking, Struck Against00
Caught In Between Objects529.41
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.317.65
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals529.41
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation00


Alang is a coastal town in the State It is a center of the ship breaking Ship breaking or ship demolition involves breaking up of ships for scrap.

The industry is controversial for its poor environmental record. Until the late twentieth century, ship breaking took place in port cities in the "First World," including the United States; today, however, most ship breaking yards are in developing nations (principally Bangladesh, China, and India) where ships, often containing serious pollutants, are dismantled with few environmental precautions like dry docks and labor is done with workers with little protection.

The shipyards Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. These can be yachts, military vessels, cruise liners or other cargo or passenger ships. Dockyards are sometimes more associated with maintenance and basing activities than shipyards, which are sometimes associated more with initial construction. The terms are routinely used interchangeably, in part because the evolution of dockyards and shipyards has often caused them to change or merge roles, at Alang recycle about 50% of the ships salvaged in the world. The yards are located on the Gulf of Khambat, 50 kilometers southeast of Bhavnagar.


Fall Of Persons1845.15
Fall Of Objects410.26
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against1230.77
Caught In Between Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.25.128
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages12.564
Power Generation00


Fall Of Persons216.67
Fall Of Objects216.67
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against325
Caught In Between Objects216.67
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects18.333
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.00
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation00
Upper limb00
Lower limb00
Multiple Location00
General Injury00
Unspecified Location1191.67


Anand District is an administrative district of Gujarat It was carved out of the Kheda is a town in the Gujarat state of India. Kheda, also known as Kaira, is 35 km from Ahmedabad. The National Highway no. 8 connecting Ahmedabad and Mumbai passes through Kheda. It forms the administrative center of Kheda District.

Anand is known as the Milk Capital of India. It became famous for Amul dairy and its Milk revolution. This City hosts the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) of India and Anand Agricultural University.

Is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is bounded by Kheda District to the north, Vadodara District to the east, Ahmedabad District.


Fall Of Persons1412.96
Fall Of Objects87.407
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against7266.67
Caught In Between Objects98.333
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects10.926
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.43.704
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals21.852
Food & Beverages21.852
Power Generation1715.74


Known as Vadodara in the past, is the city of Baroda which means the place of banyan trees. It was once the capital of the princely Gaekwads, Vadodara is a graceful city of palaces, parks, temples and museums. It came under the rule of Maratha dynasty of Gaekwad in 1730.

The Gaekwads ruled from Baroda for a few decades under the leadership of the Peshwas and gradually carved out an independent kingdom in close association with the British empire. The Gaekwads' power, reached its zenith with Sayajirao Gaekwad's accession in 1891.

Baroda can boast of one of the finest palaces in India. Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad commissioned the famous British Architects, Major Mant and Chisolm to work on Laxmi Vilas palace - one of the grandest palaces in India.

Important Places

Nazarbagh Palace

Built in the old >


A beautiful palace designed in the Italinate >

Pratap Vilas Palace At Lalbagh

This was originally built as the residence of the royal family, the Pratap Vilas. It is an extravagant mansion built in the Indo-Sarcenic >

The palace is a riot of columns and arches drawn from a variety of traditions including South Indian, Central Indian, North Indian and Islam. The entrance takes one as if in trance with the exquisite carvings as well as stuffed tigers embellished on the walls.

The Darbar Hall has mosaic floors, seven domes, 12 chandeliers, intricately sculpted cedar balconies and a silver throne. It is spread over an area of 720 acres with gardens and a golf course. One can visit Shastragar to see the Royal armoury.

Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum

This is the royal collection of art treasures of old masters like Raphael, Titian and Murillo as well as modern, western and Indian painting, Graeco - Roman exhibits, Chinese and Japanese art and a large collection of contemporary Indian art.

Kirti Mandir

The family vaults of the Gaekwad rule, it is decorated with murals by the famous Indian artists, Nandlal Bose.

Vadodara Museum And Picture Gallery

Founded by the Gaekwads in 1894, this museum houses impressive collections of Art and Archaeology, Natural History, Geology and Ethnology. There are miniature paintings and narrative paintings by different artists.

Maharaja Sayajirao III Gaekwad of Baroda acquired choice items from across the world. This includes Silver plated Copper Trays from Tanjore, a Shiva Natraja from 11th Century South India, 6th Century Sculptures from Shamlaji in Gujarat, an excquisite 9th century ivory-inlaid book box from North India, Jain bronze dating to 5th century AD.

The upper floor of the building comprises among all a section on natural history, ethnology and geology. The adjoining Art Gallery has a great collection of European old masters : Veronese, Giordano, Zurbaran, some Flemish and Dutch scholl paintings; Turner and Constable>


Fall Of Persons6320.59
Fall Of Objects4615.03
Steping, Striking, Struck Against9230.07
Caught In Between Objects7223.53
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp61.961
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects30.98
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.247.843
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals7925.82
Food & Beverages41.307
Power Generation00


Fall Of Persons623.08
Fall Of Objects311.54
Steping, Striking, Struck Against311.54
Caught In Between Objects311.54
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects27.692
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.13.846
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals519.23
Food & Beverages27.692
Power Generation00
Upper limb13.846
Lower limb13.846
Multiple Location311.54
General Injury00
Unspecified Location1973.08


This very old town was mentioned in historical records nearly 2000 years ago. In the 17th century, English and Dutch factories were established here.

The fort overlooks the wide Narbada (or Narmada) River from its hilltop location and, at its base, is the Jama Masjid, constructed from a Jain temple.

On the riverbank, outside the city to the east, is the Temple of Bhrigu Rishi, from which the city took its name, Bhrigukachba, later shortened to Bharuch.

The town of Suklatirth near Broach has a State Tourism Corporation of Gujarat Toran Holiday Home (tel 38) with double rooms for Rs 30.

The nearby island of Kabirwad, in the river, features a gigantic banyan tree which covers a hectare.


Fall Of Persons2318.4
Fall Of Objects1915.2
Steping, Striking, Struck Against6854.4
Caught In Between Objects43.2
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.118.8
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals3528
Food & Beverages21.6
Power Generation00


Fall Of Persons16.67
Fall Of Objects00
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against00
Caught In Between Objects16.67
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp533.3
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects213.3
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.00
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals1066.7
Food & Beverages213.3
Power Generation00
Upper limb16.67
Lower limb00
Multiple Location00
General Injury426.7
Unspecified Location1066.7


Bhavnagar was founded in 1723 AD by Bhav Singhji, a member of the Gohil Rajput clan which came to the Saurashtra coast from Rajasthan in the 12th century. It grew into one of the 15th richest princely states in India during the early 20th century. The Nilambagh palace hotel was built in 1859 AD as the Yuvraj Bungalow (residence of the crown prince) by a German architect, Mr. Simms, and became the Royal residence. One can access the city of Bhavnagar by road, rail as well as air.

Gopnath is 89 kms. from Bhavnagar and can be slotted between Bhavnagar and Diu. It can also be used as base to visit the Jain temples of Palitana and the sights of Bhavnagar.

Gopnath Bungalow was the sea shore retreat of the royal family of Bhavnagar; that of the Gohils. It is built in a European colonial >

One can expect great sights during the tides which are among the largest in the world. You can see marine life in the rocky shoals, extensive coastal bird-life including oystercatcher and plovers, striped hyena and jackal in the coastal scrublands, dramatic sea water and wind sculptured rocks, lovely white sanded beaches and breathtaking sea views.

Important Places:

  • the Jain temples of Talaja,
  • the ship breaking yard at Alang,
  • the Janjmer fort
  • the ruins of Shiyal (Kankawati).


Fall Of Persons323.1
Fall Of Objects215.4
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against538.5
Caught In Between Objects17.69
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.215.4
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals430.8
Food & Beverages17.69
Power Generation00


Fall Of Persons212.5
Fall Of Objects637.5
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against00
Caught In Between Objects212.5
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects16.25
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.212.5
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals212.5
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation00
Upper limb00
Lower limb00
Multiple Location00
General Injury212.5
Unspecified Location1487.5


Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat, a planned city close to Ahmedabad, the former state capital and the commercial center of Gujarat. It is a planned city, like Chandigarh.

With an area of 57.38 km², Gandhinagar is spread on either banks of Sabarmati river. The main city is designed on the west bank of the river on 42.9 km² of land. The site is gently sloping, from north-east to south-west. Fine landscape lies along the west bank of the river Sabarmati.

Gandhinagar is perhaps the only new capital of a state in India that was designed and planned by Indian Town Planners H.K. Mewada and P.M. Apte, then in service with the State Government. It is considered the ‘greenest’ new town in the world. Gandhinagar comprises thirty sectors. It is a highly-structured city and has a highly ordered street grid - comprising blocks that are divided by two types of streets, similar to U.S. avenues and streets. Gandhinagar has "letter roads" (CH, CHH, JA) and "number roads" (1,2,3). The letter roads run parallel across the city perpendicular to the number roads. The number and letter roads intersect each other forming a grid; each block or square in the grid is given a sector number. Each intersection is marked by signal names such as CH1, CH2, CH3 or JA1,JA2.

Educational and Research Institutes

Gandinagar is well known for its Educational and Research Institutes, some of the most famous being,

  • National Institute of Design Gandhinagar (Post Graduate Campus)
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology National Institute of Fashion Technology was set up in 1986 under the aegis of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. It has emerged as the premier Institute of Design, Management and Technology, developing professionals for taking up leadership positions in fashion business in the emerging global scenario.
  • Institute for Plasma Research (Bhat, Gandhinagar, India)


Fall Of Persons2134.43
Fall Of Objects711.48
Steping, Striking, Struck Against2236.07
Caught In Between Objects69.836
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp23.279
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects11.639
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.23.279
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages711.48
Power Generation4980.33


Fall Of Persons337.5
Fall Of Objects112.5
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against00
Caught In Between Objects112.5
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects112.5
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.112.5
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages225
Power Generation 112.5
Upper limb00
Lower limb00
Multiple Location00
General Injury112.5
Unspecified Location675


Godhra is a town in Gujarat It is the administrative headquarters of the Panchmahal, also Panch Mahal, is a district in the western India, in the eastern portion of Gujarat state. Panch mahal means "five districts", and refers to the five districts that were transferred by the Sindhia Maharaja of Gwalior to the British.

Panchmahal were conquered from the Mughal Empire by the Maratha leader Sindhia in the eighteenth century, district are a form of local government in several countries.


Fall Of Persons1110.28
Fall Of Objects1715.89
Steping, Striking, Struck Against4844.86
Caught In Between Objects1514.02
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 109.346
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects21.869
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.43.738
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals1715.89
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation 00


Jamnagar is a city in the western Indian state of Gujarat, and serves as the capital of the Jamnagar District. Its population in 1991 was roughly 326,000 people. The city was built up substantially by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji in the 1920s, when the district was known as Nawangar. The district lies just to the south of the Gulf of Kutch.

Most residents of Jamnagar are Gujarati and speak the Gujarati language. A small percentage speak the Kachchi language, which is written in the Gujarati script but is not mutually intelligible with Gujarati.

Jamnagar has recently shot to prominence as Reliance Industries has established the world's largest refinery there.The only marine sanctuary of India is near Jamnagar - on the coral reef island of Pirotan.

Jamnagar is well-known for its four marble Jain temples: Vardhman Shah's Temple, Raisi Shah's Temple, Sheth's Temple, and Vasupujya Swami's Temple. All were built between 1574 and 1622


Fall Of Persons104
Fall Of Objects218.4
Steping, Striking, Struck Against20883.2
Caught In Between Objects52
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.62.4
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals197.6
Food & Beverages83.2
Power Generation 00


Fall Of Persons125
Fall Of Objects250
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against00
Caught In Between Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.00
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages125
Power Generation 00
Upper limb00
Lower limb00
Multiple Location00
General Injury00
Unspecified Location375


Junagadh breathes history. These edicts, set up by Ashoka, the Great Indian emperor, date back 2200 years. Within this ancient fort of Uparkot, the architectural marvels of Hindu Chudasma rulers and Muslim Mohmud Beghda coexist in perfect harmony. The majestic Mohabatkhan Maqbara, a memorial to Junagadh's Babi Ruler and the Veritable Darbar Hall Museum show that Junagadh continued to make history untill as recently as 100 years ago.

Important places :

Uparkot Fort: This fort is famous in days bygone for its virtual inaccessibility, the Upar Kot or Upper Fort is girdled by a wall that is, in some places, over 20m high. An ornate entrance gateway leads to the ruins. A mosque still stands in a state of preservation. A Nilamtope (canon) was acquired by the Nawab of Junagadh from a Turkish Sultan. There are also two stepwells, Jami Masjid and Buddhist caves in the fort premises.

Damodar Kund: A sacred tank marks the ascent to the Girnar temples.

Ashoka's Rock edict: On the way to Girnar, fourteen rock edicts of the Emperor Ashoka can be seen inscribed on a great boulder. The inscription carry Brahmi script in Pali language and dates back to 263 B.C. On the same rock are inscriptions in Sanskrit.

Maqbara : The mausolea of the Nawabs, the traditional rulers of Junagadh.

Tulsi Shyam Hot Spring: In the heart of the Gir Forest 165 Kms. from Junagadh is the scenic spot of Tulsi Shyam with its hot spring.

Somnath temple : Situated 79 Kms. from Junagadh and 30 Kms from Chorwad, the legendary shore temple of Somnath is one of the twelve most sacred Shiva shrines in India. According to the legend, Somnath is as old as creation, built by none other than Soma, the Moon God himself. Somnath was destroyed seven times, and seven times, it was rebuilt. Mehmud of Gazni having heard of its fabulous treasure, raided it in 1026 and carried away camel-loads of jewels and gold.

Ahilya Bai Mandir, named after the Maratha queen of Holkar dynasty (1765-95) and Surya Mandir are the other attractions.

Girnar Temple : Girnar is one of two hills most sacred to the Jain community of India. Girnar is an under 4000 feet high hill. It rises to a height of morethan 600 meters, its five peaks crowned by 16 carved and sculptured marble shrines that adorn this famous hilltop temple city. The beautiful Jain temples of Neminath and Mallinath are a strong attraction. There are Hindu temples as well. It is an abode of Hindu ascetics. The annual Bhavnath fair dedicated to Hindu Lord Shiva draws thousands of people.

Chowad Beach: 66 Kms. from Junagadh and 23 Kms. from the fishing centre of Veraval, Chorwad is a delightful resort on the sunny coast of Gujarat. And an excellent road connects it to Junagadh, Girnar, the Gir Forest Sanctuary and the famous temple of Somnath.

Ahmedpur - Mandvi: Ahmedapur Mandvi is one of the finest beaches of the country.Lazing on the beach, swimming or enjoying water sports facilities is a great fun.

Sasan Gir Forest & Sanctuary: It is situated 65 Kms. from Junagadh via Keshod (where there is an airport). It is connected both by Rail as well as Road. Sasan Gir Sanctuary provides refuge to that rare species-the Asiatic Lion. The sanctuary covers an area of 500 sq. miles of dry, open scrubland where the lions roam freely. They can be seen on guided jeep tours through the jungles. The museum inside the sanctuary provides knowledge about environment and its relationship with human beings. Apart from the lions, the wild life includes antelope, hyena, fox, monkeys, lipard, the nilgai or black buck, chinkara, chousingha and other species of the deer family. The habitat varies from arid to semi-arid. Grasslands, scrub, savannah and dry deciduous forests are intersected by several hill and river systems.

There is a crocodile rearing centre at Kamleshwar dam. Visitors are invited to see feeding in the evening on alternate days. Sasan is an ideal spot for birdwatchers. 310 species of birds have been recorded here.

The forest is home to the Maldhari or pastoralists and sidi's. The pastoralists are a local tribe having a highly ethnic and colourful lifestyle>

Sasan is a regular destination for the Royal Orient, operated by TCGL. There is a comfortable hotel managed by the well-known Indian hotel chain - the Taj.


Fall Of Persons824.24
Fall Of Objects13.03
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against1957.58
Caught In Between Objects39.091
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.26.061
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals824.24
Food & Beverages39.091
Power Generation 00



Fall Of Persons9613.06
Fall Of Objects13818.78
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against38952.93
Caught In Between Objects689.252
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 111.497
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects50.68
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.212.857
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals81.088
Food & Beverages395.3.6
Power Generation 00


The temple, Santaram Mandir, famous for its carvings, is in Nadiad. Nadiad was the home town of freedom fighter Freedom fighter is a relativistic local term for those engaged in rebellion against an established government that is held to be oppressive and illegitimate. The terms "freedom" and "rebellion" are often controversial, as often both sides in armed conflict claim to represent the popular cause of "freedom". While external intervening parties, even oppressors, almost always claim to be "liberators", 'freedom fighters' also often become oppressors in the eyes of civilians, statesman and first Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (October 31, 1875–December 15, 1950), popularly referred to as Sardar Patel ("Sardar" stands for "Chief" or "Leader"), was an Indian statesman, core leader of the Indian Independence Movement and of the Indian National Congress.


Fall Of Persons388.46
Fall Of Objects5612.5
Steping, Striking, Struck Against28463.3
Caught In Between Objects5712.7
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.143.12
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals51.11
Food & Beverages173.79
Power Generation 255.57


Rajkot was once the capital of the princely state of Saurashtra. It is best known as the town where Mahatma Gandhi spent the early years of his life when his father was a Prime Minister of the king of Saurashtra.


Jagat Mandir: It is a beautiful carved temple of Shri. Ramakrishna Paramhansa. It is made of redstones.

Wankaner: About 50 Kms. from Rajkot on the way to Kachchh; is the palace of Wankaner now converted into a Heritage Hotel.

Lal Pari Lake and Randerda: A picturesque picnic spot, 5 kms. from Rajkot

Aji Dam: It is situated 8 Kms. from Rajkot and supplies the town's water.

Kaba Gandhi Na Delo: Gandhiji's ancestral home which now houses the Gandhi Smriti, a permanent exhibition.

The Raj Kumar College: As early as in 1870, the state had become known for its Rajkumar college, built for the education of the princes of the Indian state.

Rashtriya: It was founded by Mahatma Gandhi which has a centre of patola weaving.

Watson Museum and Library: Located in the pleasant Jubilee Garden, the museum is a good introduction to Saurashtra's cultural heritage.

Rajkot Region

Fall Of Persons1612.31
Fall Of Objects64.615
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against9774.62
Caught In Between Objects96.923
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.21.538
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals53.846
Food & Beverages21.538
Power Generation 00


Fall Of Persons317.65
Fall Of Objects317.65
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against317.65
Caught In Between Objects211.76
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 00
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects15.882
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.15.882
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals00
Food & Beverages15.882
Power Generation 00
Upper limb00
Lower limb15.882
Multiple Location211.76
General Injury15.882
Unspecified Location1058.82


Since the earliest times, the ancient port of Surat has been renowned for its fine silks and exquisite brocades and its trade in spices. Surat has been one of the most prosperous of India's cities in the 17th & 18th century. The East India Company established its first warehouses in Surat in 1612. And it was at Surat that Sir Thomas Roe landed when he came as king James' Ambassador to the court of the Emperor Jehangir. In Mughal times, Surat was the main port from which pilgrims sailed to Mecca.


Old Fort: Built by Muhammed Tughlak in the 14th century as a defence fortification against the Bhils.

Textile Market: Surat's vast and active textile market testifies its importance in the textile trade even today.

Bardoli : It is situated 34 Kms. from Surat. Gandhiji had launched a farmers' satyagraha, known as the Bardoli Satyagrah in 1921-22 under the leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Swaraj Ashram at Bardoli has become a place of pilgrimage in India. Birth place of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel - the Iron Man of India.

Bulsar (Valsad) : The Vansada National Park is situated in Bulsar District. Wild animals such as Leopards, Tigers and Wildboars are found here.

Dumas : A sea-side health resort 16 Kms from Surat.

Hajira : It is situated 28 Kms. from Surat. The pleasant Hajira beach is fringed by feathery casurina trees and has a comfortable holiday home for

Ubharat : It is situated 42 Kms. from Surat. Ubharat is known for a fine, sandy beach with a backdrop of shady palm groves.

Tithal : It is situated 108 Kms. from Surat and 5 Kms. from Valsad on the Bombay-Vadodara Western Railway. A beautiful sandy beach and palm-sheltered cottages is what you would get to see there.


Fall Of Persons2511.26
Fall Of Objects156.757
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against10245.95
Caught In Between Objects5223.42
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 20.901
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.2611.71
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals188.108
Food & Beverages104.505
Power Generation 229.91


Fall Of Persons1539.47
Fall Of Objects25.263
Caught In Between Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 410.53
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects513.16
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.410.53
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals12.632
Food & Beverages37.895
Power Generation 12.632
Multiple Location1026.32
General Injury513.16
Unspecified Location1642.11


Surendranagar is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. The district headquarters are located at Surendranagar. The district occupies an area of 10,489 km² and has a population of 1,515,147 (as of 2001).

Along with the district headquarters town of Surendranagar, other cities in the district include Dhrangadhra, Wadhwan, Tarnetar, Vagadia, Sayla, and Thangadh.

The chief agricultural product of Surendranagar district is cotton. However, industry is also present, and is involved in such things as ceramics and salt production.

Along with the district headquarters town of Surendra nagar, other cities in the district include Dhrangadhra, Wadhwan CITY anciently known as vardhaman nagari is a small town located in Surendra nagar district

It is located close to the river bhogavo which hasn't had water since a long time. There was a lady name>

Tarnetar is a village in the Surendranagar district of the state of Gujarat Tarnetar is famous for its fair popularly known as the Trinetreshwar Mahadev Mela held near the Trinetreshwar Mahadev temple, Vagadia, Sayla, and Thangadh is an industrial town located southwest of Surendranagar its District Headquarters. A large number of small-scale Ceramic manufacturing units are located around Thangadh. Thangadh, Wankaner and Morbi form the Ceramic triangle. Chief products are Sanitaryware (Wash Basins, Water Closets etc.) and Glazed Wall Tiles. These units also cater to lower-end overseas market (Middle East, African Countries, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, etc.)

The chief agricultural product of Surendranagar district is Cotton is a soft fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. The fibre is most often spun into thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. Cotton is a valuable crop because only about 10% of the raw weight is lost in processing.

However, industry is also present, and is involved in such things as ceramics. However, modern usage of the term broadens the meaning to include all inorganic non-metallic materials. Up until the 1950s or so, the most important of these were the traditional clays, made into pottery, bricks, tiles and the like, along with cements and glass. The traditional crafts are described in the article on pottery. A composite material of ceramic and metal is known as cermet.


Fall Of Persons34544.29
Fall Of Objects151.926
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against35545.57
Caught In Between Objects324.108
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 30.385
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects40.513
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.243.081
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals62780.49
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation 00


The district covers 5,244 square kilometres, is divided in to eight talukas A taluka is an administrative division in India. A district contains many talukas, which are also called tahsil/tehsil in northern India, and has a total population of about 2,175,000. Its administrative capital is Valsad, but the largest city is the diamond centre of Navsari is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India, with its headquarters at Navsari city. The district covers an area of 2,211 square kilometres, and had a population of 1,229,250 in 2001.

Valsad is well-known for its production of mango (Mangifera- spp.; plural mangos or mangoes) is a genus of about 35 species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae, native to India and Indo-China, of which the Indian Mango M.indica is by far the most important commercially. Reference to mangos as the "food of the gods" can be found in the Hindu Vedas. The name>man-kay, which was corrupted to manga by the Portuguese when they explored western India. sapodilla Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to the New World tropics. It is also known as Chickoo (also spelled "Chiku") in South Asia.

Teak (Tectona), also called jati is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. They are large trees, growing to 30-40 m tall, deciduous in the dry season. and also has a chemical industry centred on Atul. The coastal village of Dandi is a small village in the district of Valsad, Gujarat, India. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea near the city of Surat.

It shot into worldwide prominence in 1930 when Mahatma Gandhi selected it to be the place for the Salt Satyagraha. He marched from Ahmedabad to Dandi with some of his followers to protest against the imposition of a tax on salt, is best known for its association with Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a national icon who led the struggle for India's independence from British colonial rule, empowered by tens of millions of common Indians.

The Salt Satyagraha, also known as the Salt March to Dandi, was an act of protest against the British salt tax in colonial India. Mahatma Gandhi led fellow Indians from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi in Gujarat. The march lasted from March 12 to April 6, 1930.


Fall Of Persons15
Fall Of Objects15
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against840
Caught In Between Objects315
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 315
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.420

Type Of Industries

Chemical & Pharmaceuticals1365
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation 00


Fall Of Persons211.11
Fall Of Objects00
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against633.33
Caught In Between Objects00
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 738.89
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects316.67
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.00
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals1055.56
Food & Beverages00
Power Generation 00
Multiple Location633.33
General Injury00
Unspecified Location738.89



An analysis of Non-fatal accidents are indicative, that there were 2129 non-fatal accidents in the Textile Industry averaging for more than 50% of the total accidents followed by Engineering, Chemical and Pharmaceuticals at 951 and 868 numbers respectively. The priority line would be to address the Textile Engineering and Chemical and Pharmaceuticals. The type of accidents are indicative of stepping, striking and struck against and fall of persons all of which are mostly caused due to the Housekeeping and plant layout. The fall are attributed to the conditions of access cornets with harmful substances is also oriented to the handling procedures .

There appears to the need for training and development of safe operating procedures visa-vis size of the units.

The Accident prevention techniques are to be initiated and needs for Supervisory Training and specially designing DOs and DON’Ts the causative factors.

Occurrence of explosion (5 Nos.) are indicative of a need for in depth study into the process systems and equipment that have caused these explosions. But for explosion and contact with electric shock, which are due to the faults in equipment or abuse of the operating procedure. All of the causative factors in the rest of the cases may be addressed by supervisory training.

The Accidents Statistics may be found to be consistent with other sources due to the limitation in collection of full data from all the officers of the Inspectorate


Fall Of Persons86820.8
Fall Of Objects51312.3
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against213451.1
Caught In Between Objects3809.1
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 681.63
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects200.48
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.1744.17
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals86820.8
Food & Beverages992.37
Power Generation 1273.04


An analysis of fatal accidents are indicative, that there were 192 fatal accidents. The chemical Industries recorded 35 accidents averaging to appox . 15% , the Textile Industry recorded 43 accidents averaging for more than 25% of the total accidents & Engineering industries recorded 98 accidents totaling to 50%, The type of accidents are indicative of falling of persons( 43), striking and struck against & fall of object(21), followed by exposes to contact with electric objects. The falls are attributed to the conditions of access indicative of need for provision of equipment suitable at work at height. The cause of fatal accidents due to fall of object and contact with electric objects & extreme temperatures could be attributed to non provision of personnel protective equipments. There appears to the need for training and development of safe operating procedures visa-vis size of the units.

Occurrence of 10 head injuries are indicative of a need for in depth study into the causes that have resulted in this fatal injuries.

The Accident prevention techniques are to be initiated and needs for Supervisory Training and specially designing DOs and DON’Ts the causative factors.

The fatalities under others had no specific reasons related with the nature of activities.

The Accidents Statistics may be found to be inconsistent with other sources due to the limitation in collection of full data from all the officers of the Inspectorate


Fall Of Persons4322.39
Fall Of Objects2110.93
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against2110.93
Caught In Between Objects147.29
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 189.37
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects2010.41
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.157.81
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals3518.22
Food & Beverages147.29
Power Generation 21.04
Upper limb136.77
Lower limb21.04
Multiple Location2110.93
General Injury2211.45
Unspecified Location11961.97

An analysis of fatal accidents are indicative, that there were 192 fatal accidents. The chemical Industries recorded 35 accidents averaging to appox . 15% , the Textile Industry recorded 43 accidents averaging for more than 25% of the total accidents & Engineering industries recorded 98 accidents totaling to 50%, The type of accidents are indicative of falling of persons( 43), striking and struck against & fall of object(21), followed by exposes to contact with electric objects. The falls are attributed to the conditions of access indicative of need for provision of equipment suitable at work at height. The cause of fatal accidents due to fall of object and contact with electric objects & extreme temperatures could be attributed to non provision of personnel protective equipments. There appears to the need for training and development of safe operating procedures visa-vis size of the units.

Occurrence of 10 head injuries are indicative of a need for in depth study into the causes that have resulted in this fatal injuries.

The Accident prevention techniques are to be initiated and needs for Supervisory Training and specially designing DOs and DON’Ts the causative factors.

The fatalities under others had no specific reasons related with the nature of activities.

The Accidents Statistics may be found to be inconsistent with other sources due to the limitation in collection of full data from all the officers of the Inspectorate.


Fall Of Persons4322.39
Fall Of Objects2110.93
Stepping, Striking, Struck Against2110.93
Caught In Between Objects147.29
Expo. To Or Contact With Extreme Temp 189.37
Expo. To Or Contact With Electric Objects2010.41
Expo. To Or Contact With Harmful Subs.157.81
Chemical & Pharmaceuticals3518.22
Food & Beverages147.29
Power Generation 21.04
Upper limb136.77
Lower limb21.04
Multiple Location2110.93
General Injury2211.45
Unspecified Location11961.97


The District-wise distribution of MAH Units are totaling to 438 units are indicated in the Table below:




The District-wise distribution of Occupational Health Centre totaling to 376 are given below:


Institutes in Gujarat Contributing for Safety and Health


A brief description of the Institutions contributing towards occupational safety and health are given below:


Contributing to Industry's Growth & Competence

Gujarat Maritime Board has successfully steered Gujarat to the leading position in the maritime sector. It has set a precedent for many other maritime states in India and established itself as a trend-setter and a proactive board.

A Beginning Marked With Commitment & Professionalism

  • GMB framed and declared a comprehensive and integrated Port Policy in 1995 to set a vision for the port development.
  • GMB identified 10 greenfield sites for development as direct berthing deep water ports.
  • The investor-friendly BOOT policy was framed in 1997 to attract first ever private participation in the port sector. As a result, Pipavav became the first private port in operation 1998 in the history of Indian port sector.
  • GMB has successfully identified the port developers for Hazira, Maroli and Dholera by adopting a thoroughly professional global tendering process.
  • GMB strictly adheres to the policies guiding the corporate governance and recognizes the accountability and importance of its decision to all its constituents including the customers, employees, government and the society.
  • As a State Board with a modern and progressive outlook, GMB adopts a well conceived and focused communication strategy with intermittent wide coverage in press, television, etc. and participation in reputable trade fairs.

Traffic Milestones

  • GMB has witnessed a steady rise in traffic ever since its formation. In the last five years, the growth in traffic has been 281.26 per cent, which indicates the stupendous performance of the Board.
  • During 2001-2002, the Board achieved an impressive traffic growth of 12.79 per cent by handling a total cargo of 82.54 MMT, which is the highest figure. when compared with all major ports of India.

An Illustration Of Proactive And Futuristic Vision

  • Signifying a landmark development to fully gear its ports to the future challenges, GMB has been responsible for setting up the unique state-of-the-art chemical terminal at Dahej through Gujarat Chemical Port Terminal Company Ltd (GCPTCL).
  • Reliance Industries have set up a world-class port infrastructure at Sikka encompassing two Single Point Moorings, four tanker berths and one Ro-Ro Jetty.
  • IMS Petrogas Ltd., a fully owned subsidiary of SHV Energy India has commissioned the LPG/Propane storage terminal at Porbandar. Many other corporate heavy weights like Larsen & Toubro, Indo-Gulf etc. have also chosen to develop their business by investing in the GMB ports.

Supportive Role To The State

  • GMB is the highest profit-making State Board of Gujarat today. It has made full payments within a short span of time to the Government of Gujarat , towards transfer of assets. It has recorded a remarkable performance without any support of grant in the last few years. By sharing 20 per cent of its total revenue, GMB has extended its support and co-operation to the state government. GMB has thus carved a niche for itself , not only among the state Boards in India, but also achieved an enviable position in the national maritime sector.
  • GMB has entered in to equity participation in joint sector ports and port-related projects on behalf of the State.
  • GMB has repaid all its loans before their maturity dates to the state.

Benevolent Role To Society

  • Over a period of time, GMB has assumed multiple roles of a 'giver' 'participator' and 'facilitator' to perform its duty as a genuine caretaker of the society.
  • GMB has played a pivotal role in generating ample employment avenues by attracting more than Rs. 6000 crores in the port sector.
  • GMB has successfully completed the Water Harvesting Project at Alang with a cost of Rs. 1.25 Crores.
  • GMB has designed an efficacious Disaster Warning System to provide timely warning about cyclone to the fishermen .
  • In collaboration with Department of Lighthouses & Lightships and Kandla Port Trust, GMB is planning to set up a state-of-the-art Vehicle Traffic Service (VTS) in Gulf of Kachchh. This will enable real time monitoring of shipping and help in avoiding a probable environmental disaster due to disruption in traffic.
  • GMB is deeply concerned about the environmental safety and adopts all pertinent measures to protect the environment. It is contemplating the framing of a comprehensive environmental policy with an emphasis on eco-restoration and eco-development.
  • Fully cognizant about the risk-prone nature of the ship-breaking industry, GMB has initiated rigorous campaign to address the issues related to safety and environment at Alang. The campaign backed by well conceived multi-pronged strategies aims at ensuring safe and healthy working environment to the workers at Alang. GMB is embarking on the major projects of setting up the safety training institute and labour housing complex at Alang, which will go a long way to effectively address the issues afflicting the Alang ship-breaking yard.
  • GMB is poised to make substantial investments for the development of road and rail networks.

Empowerment Of Employees

  • At GMB, empowerment of employees through training & welfare is an ongoing activity.

Infrastructure Facilities

1. Road: All the 173 plots are connected by 10 km long-four lane service road with concrete pavement.

  • Two independent approach roads connects Alang and Sosiya yard to state highways.
  • 40 km long link roads are well maintained for efficient all-weather traffic movement.

Bridges: Two major RCC bridges having two-lane width are constructed across the river "Manari" and "Pashvivali", to facilitate movement along the service road.

Water supply: Adequate water is being supplied to the plots and allied institutes.

  • A full-fledged water supply scheme is under implementation.
  • This will enable supply of 3 MLD potable water in the yard.

2. Yard lighting:The State Electricity Board is supplying adequate power.

  • HPSV Street lights illuminate road network and yard area.

3. Fire Fighting: Fire fighting force is headed by Fire Officer, and equipped with adequate fire personnel, tenders, foam tenders, water tankers, trailer pumps, etc.

  • Two underground tanks, each of 3-lakh liters capacity is available in the yard.
  • One tube well is dug at Alang to fetch water for fire fighting.

4. Community Sanitation: Community sanitary complexes are established at four locations in the yard.

Worker Safety

5. Awareness drive through

  • Hoardings at strategic locations
  • Display of posters
  • Occasional screening of film on safety.

6. Training Programme

  • Training to safety supervisors and Mukadams
  • Audio-visual training to the workers
  • Setting up of a modern training cum welfare institute.
  • Three days training programme on "Basic Safety Training for All" is being conducted.

7. Safety Evaluation through impartial team

  • Three rounds of safety evaluation completed.
  • Results conveyed to individual plot holder for improvements.
  • Third Round will commence shortly.

8. Monitoring



The Institute undertakes various training programs for the trade union workers, organized and unorganized labour in rural and urban areas including child labour, women labour, and agricultural labour. It also undertakes training of the labour judiciary, officers of the Labour commissionerate, and other departments employing labour in large numbers and public enterprises to provide them exposure to labour laws, labour welfare and labour relations etc. However, in organizing the training programme, the Institute has its thurst on underorganised labour and rural labour. The objectives is to promote their institutions and organizations so as to equip them with the required knowledge, appropriate skills and the right attitude to ameliorate their working conditions..



The Institute offers a full time 1-year course in Industrial safety recognized by the Technical Examination of the Government of Gujarat. More details are appended at Annexure


The Institute offers a full time 1 year course in Labour studies to prepare grass root level workers who can organized- unorganized labour more scientifically. The course is recognized by the Labour & Employment Department of Government of Gujarat. More details are appended at Annexure.


The Institute offers a full time 1-year course in IR & HRM. More details are appended at Annexure.



Institute offers a full time 8-week course in SHRM to enable a person to contribute more effectively as Manager-Supervisor in an organization. More details are appended at Annexure.


National Institute of Occupational Health is a Government of India organisation, Under Indian Council of Medical Research and is taking up occupational health research and training activities at National and International Level.

The chief Inspector of Factories is the implementation arm of the Labour Department of Government of Gujarat and co-ordinates the policies and plans for health, Safety and welfare of workmen in the factories.


The Institute also organizes national and international seminars with a view to provide a forum for discussion and debate on issues of topical interest and to disseminate and discuss findings of research conducted by the Institute. A list of National and International Seminar organized by the Institute is appended at Annexure.


The Institute undertakes research projects on various current and emerging issues concerning labour and employment. The research projects are largely action oriented. The researches are also undertaken to evaluate implementation of present law enforcement machinery, and various programmes and projects concerning labour & employment. The research findings are helpful for shaping training programmes, for preparing training material in the field of labour. They are also helpful to labour administrators for evolving policies and programs and their effective implementation.


To achieve its worthy objectives, the Institute seeks cooperation and support of workers organizations, academic institutions, government departments and international organisation like ILO. Many other international agencies approach MGLI for collaboration in research, training and seminars, which is welcome.


  • The NIOH has carried out following studies
    Women in fish processing industry: A work stress analysis: (Part I I : Work intervention)
  • Health risk assessment and development of intervention programme in cottage industries with high risk of silicosis (Quartz Crushing Units)
  • Occupational health hazards among salt workers working in remote salt sites in the little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
  • Child labour – occupational health problems, evaluation and control : A study in gem polishing industries
  • Biological markers of manganese exposure and effects in manganese miners: Results of magnetic resonance imaging and neurobehavioural tests
    Assessment of health risk among spray painters with special reference to reproductive and endocrine function
  • Ambient air pollution due to adulteration of fuel
  • Health risk assessment of rural and urban population due to indoor and ambient air pollution
  • Pesticide exposures among farm workers : Phase – I Chilli cultivators of Gujarat
  • Cholinesterase and paraoxonase (PON 1) patterns in organophosphate pesticide poisoning
  • Levels of organochloroine pesticide residues in human blood in Ahmedabad
  • Residues of PCDDs and PCDFs in human milk samples in Ahmedabad, India
  • Collaborative Projects
  • Organochlorine -VKB
  • PCDDs and PCDFs
  • SAC Members
  • Ethics Committee
  • Ethics Committee(Animal Experimentation)


The WIA has established a training center to train and retrain drivers for ensuring safe delivery of hazardous substances.


  • Details of the I.T.I. and Trainees of the state
     InstitutionsSeats of Trainees
    Government ITI13255,484
    Self-reliant institutions663,869
  • I.S.O. 9001/2000

    I.T.Is at Kubernagar, Tarsali have received I.SO 9001 certificate for increasing quality and efficiency of trainees.

    During the current year other five it is, the work of certifying (1) Saraspur (2) Gandhinagar, (3) Bilimora (4) Rajkot and (5) Bhuj by this certificate has been completed.

    It has been planned by the Central Government to develop as a Centre of Excellence for skilled workers by increasing the quality and upgrading the training being imparted in the industrial Training Institutes corresponding to the changing technology in the industrial world market, preparing world class work force, in pursuance thereof the proposal is to develop eight it is of the Gujarat State, which includes (1) Kubernagar (2) Saraspur (3) Tarsali (4) Ankleshwar (5) Bilimora (6) Surat (7) Rajkot and (8) Gandhinagar.

  • Insurance Security Cover to Trainees of ITI:
    Total 67000 trainees are receiving training in the State, the scheme of the State Government is to provide insurance security cover of one lakh Rupees by “Udyog Vidya Ratna” for them from the ensuing year.
  • Sanction of New Trade

    In order to meet with the demand of skill building subject to the changing technology and to meet with the demand of skilled workers by local units in the world industrial market, it is planned to start certain short term courses.

    Automobile Apparel Chemicals

    Fire and Safety Diamond and Jewellery Plastic

    Information Technology Mobile Repairing


    1Director of industrial safety & Health.10
    2Jt. Director of Industrial Safety & Health.43
    3Dy. Director of Industrial Safety & Health.1411
    4Asst. Director of Industrial Safety & Health.3129
    5Industrial Safety & Health Officer4625
    6Special Inspector
    • Asst. Dir, ISH(Medical)
    • Asst. Dir, ISH(Chemical)
    • Dy.Dir,(Medical)Occupational Health
    • Law Officer
    • Lady Officer, ISH.
    • Research Officer
    7Total Inspector Staff (1to 6)10272
    8Certifying Surgeon Notified44

Resources Available and Needed for Management of OSH

During the study, the team visited the departments and organizations dealing with occupational safety and health in manufacturing sector with a view to establish inventory of occupational safety and health information in the State of Gujarat. The activities of these departments and resources available at their disposal were examined to determine the problems faced by the organizations in the matters of occupational safety and health and further resources needed in order to effectively manage occupational safety and health at the state level.

The scope of the study was limited to cover the organizations connected with safety and health at the state level. Occupational safety and health management at the unit level in the factories covered under the Factories Act, 1948 was limited only to the information available in the annual returns and accident forms. Detailed analyses in the areas related to functioning of Safety Committees, availability of Safety Reports, Crèches, etc. as per the provisions of the Factories Act in each of the unit was not undertaken as it was beyond the defined scope of this study. In order to identify these problems, more elaborate in-depth study is required to be taken up to get comprehensive information on management of occupational safety and health at unit level.



The findings and recommendations, as brought out during the study of the data based in the year 2003, are summarized below:

  • In the year 2003, in the State of Gujarat, 192 fatal and 4174 non-fatal injuries occurred. A District-wise annual action plan may be prepared by the Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health (DISH) to reduce the high number of accidents.
  • All the field offices should be provided with computer and required software to keep the accident records, annual returns, etc. updated. Connectivity should be provided with the Headquarter of DISH and Statistical Cell of DGFASLI to facilitate keeping of updated record and its ready availability.
  • Emphasis should be laid down on a system to develop on-line submission of annual returns, notification of accidents, etc. by the factories/industries.
  • During the year 2003, there were 192 fatal accidents, out of which 43 accidents happened due to fall of persons. This is the highest agency, which is required to be given highest priority for reduction, restriction and abolition. The non-fatal injuries for this cause were 808 which is also a reasonably high and second highest in non-fatal agencies. The statutory provision for providing safe means of access working at height
  • The second major cause for fatality was stepping, striking and struck against, numbering 21 and 2134 non-fatal cases which is the highest about 51% of total non-fatal injuries. This may be due to inadequate housekeeping, improper work procedure, unsafe system of work, unsafe operating procedure, etc.
  • It is recommended that the occupier or the managers of the factories should be intimated about their statutory obligations for designing and implementing, maintaining good housekeeping, suitable
  • The third major cause of the fatal accident was fall of objects, which was 21 for the year under study. The non-fatal accidents for this cause was 513 which also third highest in non-fatal injuries about 12.3%. This may be caused due to non-cordoning of the area of the material handling and also due to non-provision of proper net/ shield and non-use of proper PPE by the workers.
    It is recommended that the statutory provisions under the Factories Act, 1948 along with relevant Gujarat Factories Rules may be complied with. A scheduled training and retraining programme may be implemented where the contractor’s workers are to be imparted equal training/retraining along with the factory’s registered workers.
  • The fourth major cause was “contact with electric objects” which took 20 lives. The non-provision of safe electric portable powered tools, non-use of proper PPE and non-observance of safe operating procedures should be the reason in this case.
    It is recommended that the Factory Management may be intimated/advised to do the needful in this area. Maintenance, upkeep and use of safe electrical tools and equipment, use of proper PPE and training and supervision at work should be strictly adhered to.
  • The fifth major cause of fatal accident was exposure or contact with extreme temperature. It has occurred due to non-protection of workers from the exposed heat and non-provision of safe work environment.
    It is recommended that the total protection of the workers from the exposed heat stress may be provided by the management. In this regard the expert organization may be contacted for conducting study on heat stress and ventilation. The recommendation of the study report may be implemented at the earliest. The Factory Inspector may inspect the industries/factories periodically and ask the management to take appropriate steps for controlling such accidents.
  • The next higher fatality has occurred due to exposure or contact with harmful substances which is 15 (7.8% of total fatal cases) and 174 non-fatal (4.2% of Non-fatal cases) in this regard. The reason should be lack of protection from chemicals while working, handling and storing.
    It is recommended to comply with the statutory provisions under the Factories Act, 1948. This will include the complete information of the Hazardous Chemicals regarding their hazardous properties with the control measures. The supervisory staff in these areas are required to undergo “one month certificate course for supervisors of hazardous process” from any recognized institute/organization. The trained supervisors should be able to get a better control in reducing such accidents/injuries.
  • The next higher figure for fatalities is 28 (14.6% of total fatal accidents). This generally includes material handling equipment, tools, implements, appliances used on the shop floor, machines and indoor.

    It is recommended that the occupiers/managers of the factories should be advised on:

    • design, maintenance and proper use of material handling equipment.
    • Safe use of tools (hand and power operated tools), appliances and equipment.
    • Adequate guarding of machinery; and
    • Periodic inspection and maintenance of the area, plant, equipment, instrument and machinery.
  • The engineering industries alone count for 98 fatal accidents (51% of the total) followed by the Textile – 43 (22.4% of total) and Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals – 35 (18.2% of total). The non-fatalities for Textile were 2129 (51%) followed by Engineering Industries – 951 (22.8% of total) and Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals – 868 (20.8% of the total).
    It is recommended to put thrust upon the factory management of the above three types of industries, namely, Engineering, Chemicals and Textiles – to strictly follow the safe work practices with providing safe work system which is statutorily provided under General Duties of the Occupier.
  • The analysis of the accidents (fatal cases – 192) with respect to the location of the injuries reveals that maximum percentage of the bodily injury has occurred under unspecified location – 19 (62% of the total) followed by General Injury – 22 (11.45%) and 21 (11%) as multiple location. Apart from above there had been 13 cases (6.8%) of Upper Limb Injury with 10 cases (5.2%) as head injury.
    This indicates that proper protection of the body parts was not ensured at work places. Therefore, the occupiers should be advised to provide and ensure the proper use of appropriate personal protective equipment at the workplace by its workers.
  • The Department of Health Services in the state has 376 Occupational Health Centres (OHC) at various areas. At Bharuch along, there are 130 OHCs followed by 50 at Vadodara, 25 at Surat, 22 at Godhra, and 20 each at Sabrakantha, Hutch and Mehsana, respectively.
    It is suggested that all medical practitioners in these hospitals should also be exposed/trained in Occupational Health. Their extensive training in the field of Occupational Health will improve their skills in early detection or diagnosis of occupational diseases and will help them in recommending suitable action to the workers and employees. By this way, the status of occupational safety and health of the workers employed in the factory could be improved.
  • The programme on control of fire accidents could be prepared in collaboration with Fire Brigade Department, Industries Association, and the Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health. This programme should include approval of fire fighting plans, formulation of mutual aid scheme and establishment of emergency response centers in various industrial pockets of the state.
  • In addition to what is being done by the non-governmental organizations, various employer’s associations in the state should also take up the activities in the field of safety and health on a large scale. This should include organizing seminars and workshops, debates for senior executives from the industries and trade union leaders, etc. In these seminars and workshops the issues arising out of liberalization, globalisation, modern manufacturing techniques and developments, new innovations in the field of manufacturing, etc. vis-à-vis their impact on safety, health and welfare of the workers should be discussed.
  • In order to promote safety, health and welfare of workers employed in factories, seminars and workshops should be organized for increasing the awareness level of union leaders in this field. The unit level union leaders should be involved in training and education of the workers in the field of safety and health. In such programmes, more emphasis should be given on the role of union leaders in promotion of safety and health at workplace. The trade union leaders may be sponsored by the units to attend safety and health training programmes conducted by reputed organizations, like Central Labour Institute, Mumbai. The Central Board of Worker’s Education may also arrange such programmes for trade union leaders.
  • While collecting the statistics regarding the factories as well as accidents, it was found by the study team that although the factories were submitting the annual returns in the prescribed format to the DISH in time, but due to shortage of manpower and facilities, the collected information could not be processed and the trends regarding various parameters on occupational safety and health could not be established.
    It is, therefore, suggested that all field level officers should be equipped with suitable computer facilities and adequate manpower for quick flow of information. This arrangement will also improve the communication among the offices of the DISH leading to effective implementation of the orders issued under the provisions of the Factories Act. This will improve the communication with other Labour Departments/ Offices and DGFASLI.
  • In order to review the status of safety, health and welfare in the factories and formulate action plan on the basis of findings, time to time, a tripartite state level committee on Occupational Safety and Health should be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Labour Minister. In this committee, representatives of Government Departments connected with factories and labour, representatives of employers’ and employees’ can be included. This is also in line with the recommendations made by the Standing Labour Committee to the Indian Labour Conference.
  • A web-site of the DISH may be opened for giving details of various requirements of industries, NGOs and Public. Facilities to download the information, forms may be provided.
  • In the Gujarat State there are 438 MAH Units out of which 86 are in Bharuch followed by 82 in Vadodara, 28 in Mehsana, 26 in Gandhinagar, 25 in Kutch and remaining in various districts. These MAH Units may be advised and persuaded to prepare the On-Site Emergency Plans and submit it to concerned authorities. This is as per statutory requirements, which should be complied with.

Annexure A

Annexure -A

List of officers associated from DGFASLI, Mumbai.

Sl.NoName of OfficersDesignation
1Shri. A.K. Bhattacharya.I/C Safety & Dy. Director( Safety)
2Shri. D.R. Krishna.Dy. Director( Safety)
3Shri. Rajeev Shukla.Assistant Director (ST/P)
4Shri. Milind Barhate.Technical Assistant ( Safety).
5Shri. M.J. KurianStenographer.

List of different officers/offices visited in the State of Gujarat.

Sl.No.Name of OfficeName of Officers
1Industrial Safety & Health Office
0/9, New Mental Hospital compound,
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad – 380 016.
Shri N.D. Joshiyara
2Industrial Safety & Health Office
1st Block, Kuber Bhavan Kothi Office Compound, Vadodara.
Shri M.M. Shah
Joint Director
3Industrial Safety & Health Office
5th Floor, A-Block New Multistoried Bldg.
Jalaram Mandir Road, Valsad.
Shri M.A. Bhutka
Dy. Director
4Industrial Safety & Health Office
Iind Floor, Multistoried Bldg.,
Opp. Ganyatrinagar, Kanbirago
Baruch – 392 001.
Shri S.K. Arora
Dy. Director
5Industrial Safety & Health Office
13/14 Multistoried Bldg., Third Floor
Near Collector Office, Godhara.
Shri S.C. Bamnia
Asstt. Dir.
Shri L.B. Rohit
ISH Officer
6Industrial Safety & Health Office
Jilla Seva Sadan, 2nd Floor, R.No.212,
Near Borsad Chokudi, Anand.
Shri N.N. Patel
Asstt. Dir.
7Industrial Safety & Health Office
Shivalay Complex, Mahendra Mill Compound, Opp. GEB Station Kalol
Dist. Mahesana.
Shri A.K. Jani
Dy. Dir.
8Industrial Safety & Health Office
Block No.8-3, H.Type, Sector-7
Shri J.D. Desai
Asstt. Dir.
9Industrial Safety & Health Office
0/9 New Mental Hospital Compound
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad – 380 016.
Shri B.C. Bhatt
Asstt. Dir.
10Industrial Safety & Health Office
7/7 Multistoried Bldg., Opp. Race Course
Rajkot, Gujarat.
Shri V.M. Patel
Jt. Director
11Industrial Safety & Health Office
Sweet House, Indira Marg,
Near Hotel Bansi, Jamnagar, Gujarat.
Shri V.R. Soni
Asstt. Director
12Industrial Safety & Health Office
GMB Complex, Ship Building Yard
Alang Taluka – Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Shri V.N. Patel
Dy. Director
13Industrial Safety & Health Office
Room No.203, C-Block, 2nd Floor
Bahumali Bhawan, Rajkot-Kherali Highway
Shri N.H. Zaveri
Asstt. Director
14Industrial Safety & Health Office
Room No.203, C-Block, 2nd Floor
Bahumali Bhawan, Rajkot-Kherali Highway
Shri D.G. Panchmiya
Dy. Director I/C
15Industrial Safety & Health Office
T.H.X. Ward No.12A
Maitry Vidyalaya Road, Adipur.
Shri D.M. Dobaria
Asstt. Dir.
16Industrial Safety & Health Office,
Shri K.M. Shah
Asstt. Dir.
17Industrial Safety & Health Office
T-8 Multistoried Bldg, Palace Road,
Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Shri P.B. Shah
Asstt. Dir.
18Industrial Safety & Health Office
Multistoried Bldg., Ground Floor,
Sardar Patel Bhuvan, Nadiyad.
Shri D.A. Patel
Asstt. Director
19Industrial Safety & Health Office
0/9 New Mental Hospital Compound
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad – 380 016.
Shri D.K. Dave
ISH Officer
20Industrial Safety & Health Office
7th Floor, I-Block, Kuber Bhawan
Kothi Office Compound, Vadodara.
Shri K.K. Patel
Dy. Director
21Industrial Safety & Health Office
0/9 New Mental Hospital Compound
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad – 380 016.
Shri N.N. Rao
Asstt. Dir.
22Industrial Health Laboratory
0-15, New Mental Hospital Compound
Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad – 380 016.
Shri N.J. Joshi
Dy. Dir.
23Industrial Safety & Health Office
IInd Floor Golandaz Bldg.
Golandaz Street Nanpura, Surat.
Shri J.M. Patel
Joint Director
24Industrial Safety & Health Office
C-Block, No.7, 7th Floor, Multistoried Bldg.,
Nanpura, Surat (Gujarat).
Shri D.C. Chaudhary
Dy. Director
25Industrial Safety & Health Office
Behind District Industrial Centre
Sardar Bagh, Junagarh, Gujarat.
Shri V.J. Patel
Asstt. Dir.
26Labour Commissioner Office
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad.
Shri M.V. Jadeja,
Dy. Commissioner of Labour
27Gujarat Pollution Control Board
Paryavaran Bhawan, Gandhinagar.
Dr. G.K. Trivedi
Sr. Scientific Officer
28-do-Mr. R.G. Shah
Environment Engineer
29-do-Dr. G.B. Soni
30-do-Mr. Sanjay Tyagi
Member Secretary
31Gujarat Electricity Board
Mr. D.N. Soni
Executive Engineer
32-do-Mrs. Charu Ben, Dy. Er.
33Director ISH Office
Shri H.K. Prajapati
Research Officer
34Commissioner of Labour,
Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad.
Shri A.K. Bhasin
Additional Comm. Of Labour
35Rural Labour Commissioner Office,
Old Sachivalaya, Gandhinagar
Mr. Bipin Bhai Bhatt
Rural Labour Commissioner
36Office of the Commissioner of Labour,
Mrs. Varsha Dave
Govt. Labour Officer
37Director of Employment & Training
Old Secretariat, Gandhinagar.
Mr. Manish Bharadwaj
Asstt. Dir. (Trg.)
38-do-Shri V.V. Joshi,Asstt. Director
39Budget Estimate of Labour & Employment
Shri A.M. Quadri
Dy. Secretary
Shri M.R. Patel,
Section Officer
40Deptt. Of Planning Commission
New Sachivalaya, Gandhinagar.
Mr. Kishan Bhavsar
Dy. Secretary Planning Commission
41Udyog Bhavan, Gandhinagar.Mr. D.R. Dave
Dy. Dir. (Statistics)
42Commission on Industries, Gandhinagar.Mr. Arvind Agrawal, IAS
43Industries Commissionarate, Gandhinagar Govt. of Gujarat.Mr. G.M. Tank
P.S. to Commissioner
44Gujarat Tourism Development Corpn.
Mr. C.B. Som
Managing Director
45-do-Mr. Joshi
Company Secretary
46GTDC Tourism Policy, GandhinagarMr. Thakur, Manager

Annexure B

Annexure - B

Industries in Gujarat (Statistical Information) - Medium and Large Industries

Progress of Industrial Approvals (Post liberalization period

(Investment in Rs. Crore)

Sr. No.ApprovalsGujarat Nos investmentIndia Nos investment% Share Nos investment
1IEM (Aug-91 to Dec- 03)643119058051187115584512.616.5
2LOI (Aug-91 to Nov- 03)43020752385510831811.119.2
3(100%)EOU (Aug-91 to Dec-02)4588356391114780711.75.6
4FDI (Aug-91 to Oct-03)62418795172072895183.66.5

Monitoring of Approvals

(As on 01.01.2004)

(Rs. Crore)
A. Projects implemented379193927625345
B. Projects under implementation144852839172610

Industries in Gujarat (Statistical Information) - Medium and Large Industries

Details of IEMs-Gujarat and Other States (Aug-1991 to Dec-2003)

Sr. No.StatesNos.Investment
(Rs. in crore)
3Uttar Pradesh4426
4Andhra Pradesh3426
5Tamil Nadu4290
8All India51187

Progress of EOUs-Gujarat and Other States

(Aug-1991 to Dec-2002

Sr. No.StatesNos.Investment
(Rs. Crore)
3Uttar Pradesh205
4Madhya Pradesh118
5Andhra Pradesh425
6Tamil Nadu571
8All India3911

Details of LOIs-Gujarat and Other States

(Aug-1991 to Sep-2003)

Sr. No.StatesNos.Investment
(Rs. Crore
(11.8% )
3Uttar Pradesh353
4Madhya Pradesh141
5Andhra Pradesh423
6Tamil Nadu724
(8.9 %)
8All India3855

Large Projects Under Implementation in Gujarat (IEM+LOI+LOP)

DistrictInv. upto
Rs. 5 crore
Inv. Rs. 5 - 100 croreInv. Rs. 100 croreAll Projects
Central and South Gujarat
Dangs Ahwa000000000000
Sub Total60250230065275588955221271952685949042591793880
North Gujarat
Sub Total405514123865040483173210398124376499
Sub Total92144471762143019505131283649261671441029148
Not Decided100210250000310250
Sub Total156104638712434672707916650496172961007543083
Grand Total8908054258149911436105853594059824176144852839172610
Product & Groupwise SSI Units Registered
Sr. No.Industry GroupSSI units registered during the year
1Food Products676977889538850878683760733499
2Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Products103849755706459454851
3Cotton Textiles54668479087150157171689306124
4Wool, Silk & Synthetic Fibre Textiles14108765752201781921706072056545
5Hosiery & Garments1855224423501694297632963558260314151998
6Wood Products502486456571580510487337321271
7Paper Products & Printing328328365307302207164179166149
8Leather Products99188901501261251187147117
9Rubber & Plastic products486529522560469425346288448203
10Chemical & Chemical Products627345316296240270209210246172
11Non- Metallic Mineral Products597814543359356422345231298152
12Basic Metal Industries343345449337237177207142137113
13Metal Products664700685821683464489356383289
14Machinery & Parts except ele.1165109411111315930987669578603446
15Electrical Machinery & Apparatus266229245205153149132146124161
16Transport Equipments & Parts10512511390625576747627
17Misc. Manufacturing Industries741656726702675461458234248167
18Repair Services1837220325124100368739233687267715542713
19Other Industries67789710771656190719992409309821072708

Source : Industries Commissionerate

Districtwise & Yearwise SSI Registration (Cummulative)

Name of the DistrictNo. of SSI Units registered at the end of the year
Bharuch & Narmada62236983781486069496102211117411920124831357913533
Junagadh & Porbandar39834261471450985437595465456843729478347924
Kheda & Anand784985229152988310497113411206412715132691416814262
Mehsana & Patan8058887795531045711233121141303013814145871525715524
Panchmahal & Dahod34233785415845434977537958256233648269486994
Valsad, Dang & Navsari953210529113751208713031140271498115781167161754517743
Source : Industries Commissionerate 

Groupwise Registration of SSI Units

(As on 31st March 2004)

Sr. No.Industry GroupNumber
1Food Products15591
2Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Products1399
4Wood Products13184
5Paper Products & Printing7954
6Leather Products2365
7Rubber & Plastic Products11244
8Chemical & Chemical Product15212
9Non- Metallic Mineral Products11000
10Basic Metal Industries8211
11Metal Products22697
12Machinery & Parts except Electronics23222
13Electrical Machinery & Apparatus6139
14Transport Equipments & Parts2837
Source : Industries Commissionerate

Districtwise Classification of SSI Units Information

Sr. No.DistrictFun. UnitClosed UnitOtherTotal
6Dangincluded in Valsad District

Districtwise Functioning Small Scale Units Information

Sr. No.DistrictNo. of UnitsInvestment
(Rs. in lakh)
(Rs. in lakh)

Source : Industries Commissionarate

Industrial Groupwise Classification of SSI Units

Gr. No.ItemNos. of UnitsInvestment
(Rs. in lakh)
(Rs. in lakh)
20-21-22Food Products/Agro Process10011400656507841338
23-24-25Cotton Textiles20942137404244970145283
26Hosiery & Garments23395443213813057438
27Wood Products7249188462359521350
28Paper Products & Printing4722252173104720748
29Leather Products1562170116542719
30Rubber & Plastic Products5118403155292128271
31Chemical & Chemical Products48707980513243546413
32Non-Metallic Mineral Products6582496735457250699
33Basic Metal Industries5442499348320350229
34Metal Products9017396145190839408
35Machinery & Parts except Electronics14962700649308464157
36Electrical machinery & Apparatus2220169262539614321
37Transport Equipments & Parts12137463108456917
38Miscellaneous Manufacturing Industries7871226082893237025
97Repair Services29412399112775357304
99Other Service924586578074517
998Information Not available221516675148678689





Source : Industries Commissionerate

Districtwise Medium & Large Units


Sr. No.DistrictFunctioning
Total Units% Share




Source:- Industries Commissionerate

Districtwise Analysis of Functioning Units

(In Rs. lakh)

Sr. No.DistrictUnitNos.Fixed
  Per unit 3725.63092.9334.4201.5
  Per unit 28220.114438.2238.7121.8
  Per unit 1477.54805.3185.7142.7
  Per unit 10394.48008.0234.2114.6
  Per unit 2880.9955.1105.251.3
  Per unit
  Per unit 3203.63198.5170.279.7
  Per unit 89403.3149455.6476.7288.4
  Per unit 10696.86849.1455.2202.5
  Per unit 4185.13157.7448.0223.1
  Per unit 1811.36603.7197.1128.0
  Per unit 3077.75080.8218.090.8
  Per unit 1599.01621.1157.775.2
  Per unit 764.51627.5206.590.2
  Per unit 2240.14217.1283.6102.3
  Per unit 5436.84670.8140.574.8
  Per unit 8290.43641.8321.7151.4
  Per unit 7052.48422.0438.7222.1
  Per unit 2342.23288.8147.277.5
  Per unit 2387.74266.1292.3154.7
  Per unit 361.45373.5191.0120.0
  Per unit 7384.814480.2961.0678.0
  Per unit 1836.52519.2354.7190.5
  Per unit 399.4453.6204.541.0
  Per unit 7237.35946.4510.3229.1
  Per unit 6178.36931.3240.9125.6

Source : Industries Commissionerate

Industry Groupwise Functioning Units

Rs. In Lakhs.

IndustryItemUnitsFixed Inv.ProductionEmployment
Food ProductsTotal125.0213225.7536821.532212.015745.0
 Per Unit 1705.84294.6305.7126.0
Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco ProductsTotal8.025857.424533.11205.0782.0
 Per Unit 3232.23066.6150.697.8
Cotton TextilesTotal112.0565402.8391350.650003.033755.0
 Per Unit 5048.23494.2446.5301.4
Wool, Silk & Synthe Fibre TextTotal345.0662231.3479541.957830.034923.0
 Per Unit 1919.51390.0167.6101.2
Hosiery & GarmentsTotal25.028600.931613.54953.03426.0
 Per Unit 1144.01264.5198.1137.0
Wood ProductsTotal3.01326.6701.6169.046.0
 Per Unit 442.2233.956.315.3
Paper Products & PrintingTotal77.0131553.8139909.912813.05288.0
 Per Unit 1708.51817.0166.468.7
Leather & Leather ProductsTotal2.02036.25300.1742.029.0
 Per Unit 1018.12650.1371.014.5
Petroleum & Plastic ProductsTotal101.01859630.53856963.215282.07402.0
 Per Unit 18412.238187.8151.373.3
Chemical & Chemical ProductsTotal317.04223434.33828257.499586.049081.0
 Per Unit 13323.112076.5314.2154.8
Non Metallic Mineral ProductsTotal69.0555210.7376446.218022.08328.0
 Per Unit 8046.55455.7261.2120.7
Basic Metal IndustriesTotal106.0962432.0546085.319332.08330.0
 Per Unit 9079.65151.8182.478.6
Metal ProductsTotal40.023191.553052.05496.02729.0
 Per Unit 579.81326.3137.468.2
Machinery & Parts except ElectronicsTotal103.0161222.8225236.323574.011241.0
 Per Unit 1565.32186.8228.9109.1
Electronic Machinery & ApparatusTotal63.0184202.2215914.913536.07751.0
 Per Unit 2923.83427.2214.9123.0
Transport Equipments & PartsTotal20.046095.543669.06579.03207.0
 Per Unit 2304.82183.5329.0160.4
Miscellaneous Manufacture IndustryTotal26.034403.882122.87703.03391.0
 Per Unit 1323.23158.6296.3130.4
Services Not Else ClassifiedTotal28.019832.644628.43157.01655.0
All IndustryTotal1570.09699890.710882147.4378194.0197109.0
 Per Unit 6178.36931.3240.9125.6

Products Having Annual Production Exceeding Rs. 500 crore.

Sr. No.ProductNo. of unitsProduction
(Rs. in Crore)
1Milk Powder91139
4Hydrogenated oil and Edible Oil and Fats611371
5Cotton Ginning and Bailing10447
6Cotton Textiles (Spinning & Weaving)1103288
7Synthetic Textiles (Spinning & Weaving)2304535
8Paper & Paper Products421227
9Tyres and Tubes2659
10Plastic Industrial Products27626
11Plastic Foam Products/Yarn501255
12Petroleum Products2536481
13Soda Ash51568
14Sodium Bicarbonate3720
15Caustic Soda54007
18Diammonium phosphate1537
20Basic Organic Chemicals6212746
24Drugs & Medicines672697
25Soap and Washing Powder101433
26Turpentine & Resin5604
27Synthetic Material/Yarn212730
28Fine Chemicals9639
29Drug Intermediates21578
30Miscellaneous Chemicals59844
31Glass & Glass Products151160
33Steel Plates131355
34Alloy Steel144400
35Copper Rods/Sheets201048
36Textile Machinery & Parts16583
37Industrial Machinery21572
38Electrical Wires and Cables13541
39TV sets and Antena5487
40Diamond Processing6503
Source : Industries Commissionerate

Industry Groupwise Analysis of Projects Under Implementation

As on 1.1.2004)
(Investment Rs. In Crore)

Sr. No.Industry GroupLO







1Metallurgical Industries0041754827368928116.15.3
2Industrial Machinery005713194182011.20.4
3Transport Equipments116205148300.50.0
4Other Engineering4721543117855018613.43.5
5Electrical Tele & Electronics00232711042594104276.519.7
6Food Processing21002823872187410222127.04.2
8Chemical & Petrochemical2325347511229097233881236926.823.4
9Drugs & Pharmaceuticals73281742509575583.91.0
10Glass, Ceramics & Cement3347287036428037045.57.0
11Infrastructure Projects004043458834580.56.5

Industrial Production of Some Selected Products Manufactured in Gujarat & India

Sr. No.ProductUnitProduction Apri




2002 to March

%Share of Gujarat
Gujarat (P)India
(I)Engineering Industry    
 1. Power Driven Pumps & Mono Block PumpNOS11602914987777.4
 2. Air & Gas CompressorNOS594057806576.1
 3. ForgingsMT3084426649911.6
 4. Machine Tools/Industrial MachineryRs. Lakhs2506021742211.5
 5. Ball& Roller BearingNOS-Lakhs26129768.8
 1. Cotton Cloth000 Sq. Mtr321715149600021.5
 2. Cotton Yarn000 Kg17559321770008.0
(III)Plastic Products    
 1. Laminated/ DecorativeTonnes35832369515.1
(IV)Petrochemical Products    
 1. CaprolactumMT600049904460.6
(V)Chemical Products    
 1 Soda AshTh. MT1341161083.3
 2 Salt (from Jan-02 to Dec-02)Tonnes131421787973.5
 3 Caustic SodaTh. MT435153928.3
 4 Paints & EnamalsMT8928238278223.3
 5 Sulphuric AcidTh. MT1336596122.4
 6 Liquid ChlorinMT13093813.9
 1 Reactive DyesMT1509438334.4
 2 Azo DyesMT648404616.0
(VII)(I) Fertiliser    
 1 Phoshphatic FertilizerTh. MT3107388580.0
 2 Nitrogenous FertilizerTh. MT29571056028.0
(VIII)Mineral Based Industries    
 1 CementTh. MT105821117789.5
(IX)Food Products    
 1 Baby Food & Infant Milk PowderMT6727715476543.5
 T.V. Picture TubeTh. Nos.1468428134.3
(XI)Other Products    
 1 Paper & Paper ProductsTh. MT431334112.9

Districtwise Working Factories and Workers Employed


No. of Working Factories

Ahmadabad City37603641355338974288448141503972509851504166
Rest of Ahmedabad616611510696699753767703--750
Anand       515492490492
Dahod       50475765
Narnada       15161818
Navsari       428439368292
Patan       108110117102
Porbandar       61535541
Source : Office of the Chief Inspector of Factories, Ahmedabad.

No. of Registered Factories, Working Factories and Workers
Employed in Gujarat State

Sr. No.YearNo. of Registered FactoriesNo. of working factoriesAverage No. of workers employed in working factories
Source : Office of the Chief Inspector of Factories, Ahmedabad

Districtwise Working Factories and Workers Employed


Average No.of Workers Employed

Ahmadabad City223374203066200652193451190395193740160679156512200891152933132553 
Rest of Ahmedabad3225129775307563538735766364504020839792 4540133453 
Anand       21646202892179616003 
Dahod       1572154019791887 
Narmada       1792220922462251 
Navsari       16686175751427411616 
Patan       2448287427592941 
Porbandar       7038526942963409 
Source : Office of the Chief Inspector of Factories, Ahmedabad 

Groupwise Working Factories and Workers Employed

Sr. No.Industry GroupAverage No. of workers employed daily in working factories
2Food, Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Products64759723258912889920844428932880510
3Wood & wood products, furniture & Fixture68477659891592889089109469826
4Paper & Paper products & Printing, Publishing & Allied Industries15582212172387023947245952387921566
5Leather & Leather Products5138118421564210822891244
6Rubber, Plastic, Petroleum & Coal Products16714433554878650263537245298348857
7Chemical & Chemical Products58557100859137194141768150911153583136485
8Non-metallic Mineral Products40295548486090464153653046373154949
9Basic Metal Industries18456336594587350335499645196045055
10Metal Products26135328664323843826429894348837876
11Machinery except Electrical Machinery44833559585762258054589915930649336
12Electrical Machinery apparatus appliances & supplies13945266743574832764301352757719748
13Transport Equipment & Parts8815151382162020176219952107418296
Source : Office of the Chief Inspector of Factories, Ahmedabad

Industry Sectors in Gujarat

(As per ASI 2000-01, Factory Sectors) (Rs. in Crores)

GroupIndustryNo. of FactoriesFixed CapitalEmploymentValue of outputValue added
20-21-22Food Product including Tobacco Products1548230980752127251028
23Cotton Textiles10734656871607779578
24Synthetic Fibre Textiles11335111958058303922
26Hosiery and Garments25332013543982148
27Wood Products3111207847497.077.0
28Paper Products & Printing5421476231012778389
30Petrolieum, Petrochemicals & Plastic Products207937198175149532648571
31Chemical & Chemical Products862387727500140481148
32Non-metallic Mineral Products15574396545363925827
33Basic Metal Industries8027628290097893970
34Metal Products944725302741867287
35-36Machinery with Electrical203832507875685081460
37Transport Equipment & Parts36150615682225357
38Misc. Manufacturing Industries27626824008152300
& others
Leather & Other Textile Products2552227962161597
& others
Leather & Other Textile Products2552227962161597
 Sub Total140897208875201312661616867
 All Industries140907208875201312798816868

Towns Classified According to Census 2001

Population (P)

Sr. No.Population SlabsNo. of Towns
 Below 10,00028
210,000 to 20,00042
320,001 to 50,00058
450,001 to 10000027
51,00,001 to 5,00,00025
65,00,001 to 10,00,0002
7Above 10000004

Small Scale Industries

Cummulative Progress of Permanent SSI Registration

Sr. No.YearNumber
Source : Industries Commissionerate

Census of Medium and Large Industries as on 31st March 2000

Survey of Medium and Large Units

Total units coveredNos
Functioning unitsNos.
Closed unitsNos.

Installed Capacity, Generation and Consumption of Electric Power by Uses of Electricity in Gujarat State

Sr. No.YearInstalled Plant Capacity as at the end of the period (MW)Electricity Generated during the year (M Kwh)Consumption of Electricity by uses during the year (in MUS)
Domestic heat small power light


& fans.

Commercial Heat small power light & fansIndustrialOthersTotal consumption $
* Upto November 2002
** Upto September 2002
P : Provisional
$ Excluding captive consumption of ESSAR and GIPCL & consumption of Diu, Daman from Central.
Source : G.E.B., Vadodara, A.E.C., Ahmedabad

Natural Gas; Production and Utilisation in Gujarat and India

Sr. No.YearGross ProductionNet Production% Utilization
of Gujarat
of Gujarat
Source : Energy Statistics, Dir. Of Eco. & Statistics, Gandhinagar.

Installed Capacity of Power in Gujarat State

(As on 31 December 03)

Sr. No.Power Station NameInstalled Capacity (M.W.)Derated Capacity (M.W.)
1Dhuvaran TPS588561
2Ukai TPS850850
3Gandhinagar TPS660660
4Wanakbori TPS12601260
5Sikka TPS240240
6Kachchh (Lign) TPS215215
7Utran (old) TPS450
8Utran (new) TPS135135
9Kadana HYD.240240
10Ukai HYD.300300
11Ukai LB HYD.55
12Panam HYD.22
 Sub Total (A)45404468
1Gandhinagar Unit -V GSECL210210
2Wanakbori Units -VII-GSECL210210
4ESSAR Power300300
6GSECL Dhuwaran107107
 Sub Total (B)27432683
Central Sector   
1NPC-Tarapur APC190160
2NPC-Kakrapar APC125125
5NTPC-Vindhyachal 2239239
 Sub Total (C)15621532
 Grand Total (A+B+C)88458683
Source : Gujarat Power Corporation Ltd., Gandhinagar

Consumption of Major Petroleum Products in Gujarat

(000 TONNES)

Sr. No.YearLiquefied Petrol-eum GasNapthaMotor
High Speed diesel oilLight diesel oilFurnace oilLow Sulphur heavy StockOthers (includes ATF Lubes & Greases etc)

Petroleum Products (Refineries)

Source : (1) Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, Energy) April 2002
(2) Indian Petroleum & Natural Gas Statistics, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Govt. of India

Mineral Reserves of Gujarat

(Upto March-02)

Sr. No.Name of Mineral

In Million Tonnes

Main Locations (Districts)
2Bauxite105Kachchh, Jamnagar
3Bentonite105Kachchh, Bhavnagar, Sabarkantha
5Chalk57.0Porbandar, Rajkot
6China clay163Kachchh, Mahesana, Sabarkantha
7Dolomite720Bhavnagar, Vadodara
9Fireclay155.2Surendranagar, Sabarkantha, Rajkot
10Gypsum23.6Kachchh, Jamnagar
11Lignite2102Bharuch, Kachchh, Bhavnagar, Surat
12Limestone11860Amreli, Kachchh, Kheda, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Panchmahal, Banaskantha, Bhavnagar, Sabarkantha, Porbandar
13Quartz4Panchmahal, Vadodara
14Siderite4.6Kachchh, Bhavnagar
15Marble259.6Panchmahal, Banaskantha, Vadodara
16Oil418Ahmadabad, Mahesana, Bharuch, Surat, Vadodara, Kheda
18Graphite2.0Panchmahal, Vadodara
19Manganese Ore2.5Panchmahal, Vadodara
20Nepheline Syenite19.0Junagadh, Vadodara
22Granite2005Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Vadodara, Panchmahal, Mehsana
Source : Commissioner of Geology and Mining, Gandhinagar

Annexure I & II


THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 ( AMENDED 1987 ), 1948
(See section 89 and 90)

List of notifiable diseases

  • Lead poisoning including poisoning by any preparation or compound of lead or their sequelae.
  • Lead tetra-ethyl poisoning.
  • Phosphorous poisoning or its sequelae.
  • Mercury poisoning or its sequelae.
  • Manganese poisoning or its sequelae.
  • Arsenic poisoning or its sequelae.
  • Poisoning by nitrous fumes.
  • Carbon bisulphide poisoning.
  • Benzene poisoning, including poisoning by any of its homologues, their nitro or amido derivatives or its sequelae.
  • Chrome ulceration or its sequelae.
  • Anthrax.
  • Silicosis.
  • Poisoning by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons, of the aliphatic series.
  • Pathological manifestation due to : -
    • radium or other radioactive substances.
    • X-rays.
  • Primary epitheliomatous cancer of the skin.
  • Toxic anaemia.
  • Toxic jaundice due to poisonous substances.
  • Oil acne or dermatitis due to mineral oils and compounds containing mineral oil base.
  • Byssionosis.
  • Asbestosis.
  • Occupational or contact dermatitis caused by direct contract with chemical and paints. These are of types, that is, primary irritants and allergic sensitizers.
  • Noise induced hearing loss (exposure to high noise levels).
  • Beryllium poisoning.
  • Carbon monoxide.
  • Coal miners' pneumoconiosis.
  • Phosgene poisoning.
  • Occupational cancer.
  • Isocyanides poisoning.
  • Toxic nephritis.




Sl.No.Occupational diseaseEmployment
1.Infectious and parastic diseases contracted in an occupation where there is a particular risk of contamination.
  • All work involving exposure to health or laboratory work;
  • All work involving exposure to veterinary work;
  • Work relating to handling animals, animals carcasses, part of such carcasses, or merchandise which may have been contaminated by animals or animal carcasses;
  • Other work carrying a particular risk of contamination.
2.Diseases caused by work in compressed air.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned.
3.Diseases caused by lead or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
4.Poisoning by nitrous fumes.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
5.Poisoning by organphosphorus compoundAll work involving exposure to the risk concerned


Sl.No.Occupational diseaseEmployment
1.Diseases caused by phosphorus or toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
2.Diseases caused by mercury or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
3.Diseases caused by benzene or its toxic homologues.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
4.Diseases caused by nitro and amino derivatives of benzene or its homologues.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
5.Diseases caused by chromium or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
6.Diseases caused by arsenic or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
7.Diseases caused by radioactive substances and ionising radiations.All work involving exposure to the reaction of radioactive substances or ionising radiations.
8.Primary epithelomatous cancer of the skin caused by tar, pitch bitumen, mineral oil, anthracene or the compounds, products or residues of these substancesAll work involving exposure to the risk concerned
9.Diseases caused toxic halogen derivatives by hydrocarbons (of the aliphatic and aromatic series).All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
10.Diseases caused by carbon disulphide.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
11.Occupational cataract due to infra-red radiations.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
12.Diseases caused by manganese or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
13.Skin diseases caused by physical, chemical or biological agents not include in other items.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
14.Hearing impairment caused by noise.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
15.Poisoning by dinitrophenol or a homologue or by substituted dinitrophenol or by the salts of such substances.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
16.Diseases caused by beryllium or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
17.Diseases caused by cadmium or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
18.Occupational asthma caused by recognised sensitising agents inherent to the work process.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
19.Diseases caused by fluorine or its toxic compounds.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
20.Diseases caused by nitroglycerine or other nitroacid esters.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
21.Diseases caused by alcohols and ketones.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
22.Diseases caused by asphyxiants; carbon monoxide, and its toxic derivatives, hydrogen sulphide.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
23.Lung cancer and mesotheliomas caused by asbestos.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
24.Primary neoplasm of the epithelial lining of the urinary bladder or the kidneys or the ureter.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned


Sl.No.Occupational diseaseEmployment
1.Pneumoconiosis caused by sclerogenic mineral dust (silicosis, anthraoosilicosis asbestosis) and silico-tuberculosis provided that silicosis is an essential factor in causing the resultant incapacity or death.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
2.BagassosisAll work involving exposure to the risk concerned
3.Bronchopulmonary diseases caused by cotton, flax hemp and sisal dust (Byssinosis)All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
4.Extrinsic allergic alvoelities caused by the inhalation of organic dusts.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned
5.Bronchopulmonary diseases caused by hard metals.All work involving exposure to the risk concerned