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Head Quarters

The DGFASLI headquarters Mumbai maintains overall liaison with its Central and Regional Labour Institutes, frames policy, plans and executes the program concerning the organization on matters pertaining to safety, health and welfare of workers in industries and docks and implements technical projects and liaises with national and international agencies.

Factory Advice Service

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The Factory Advice Service division coordinates the administration of the Factories Act in the States and advises the Central and State Governments on related matters. The activities include interpretation of the provisions of the Act and the Rules, formulation of Model Rules, recommending amendments to the provisions of the Factories Act, and the Rules whenever necessary, issue of technical guidelines, organizing and conducting training for Inspectors of Factories, recommending approval of flameproof equipment for use in the factories, review and comment on documents on safety and health from the International Labour Organisation and other international agencies and participation in international programmes.

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A conference of the Chief Inspectors of Factories of the States is convened annually for the purpose of obtaining their views and suggestions regarding the changes that need to be made in the Act and Rules to meet the challenges brought about by new technology and changing socio-economic scenario..

The division had organising training for Fellows from developing countries under various technical assistance programmes of the government such as COLOMBO Plan, Special Common Wealth African Assistance Programme (SCAAP), etc. which are generally of three months duration. During period 1981-88, 41 fellows were trained.

Statistical Cell

The statistical cell under the division collects and compiles accident statistics and other information related to the administration of the Factories Act and Rules framed thereunder. This information base is used in planning and implementation of national policie concerning occupational safety and health as well as preparing replies to the various Parliament questions.

Dock Workers Safety Division

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The office of the Chief Adviser of Factories, presently known as DGFASLI drafted the Indian Dock Labourers Regulations,1948 under the Indian Labourers Act, 1934. The Chief Adviser of Factories started administering the Regulations from 1948 in the five major ports of Mumbai, Kolkatta, Chennai, Cochin and Visakhapatnam through the three inspectorates of Dock Safety set up in Mumbai, Kolkatta and Chennai.

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Besides these Regulations, the Dock Workers (Safety,Health &Welfare) Scheme,1961 framed under the Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948 was also enforced by the Inspectorate of Dock Safety in the major ports. Subsequently, six more ports namely, Paradip, Turicorin, New Mangalore, Mormugao, Kandla and Nhava-Sheva, renamed as Jawaharlal Nehru Port, were declared as major ports.

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Consequent to the recommendation of the First National Commission on Labour (Gajendranagar Commission) a common comprehensive law on safety and health of dock workers titled the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act,1986 was framed and made applicable from 15th April 1987. Under this Act a set of comprehensive regulations called the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations 1990 was framed and brought into force with effect from 18th March 1990 and thereby repealing the earlier Regulations and Scheme. The new Act and Regulations are in line with the ILO Convention 152 concerning safety and health in dock work. The Director General, DGFASLI is the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety and the administration of these dock safety statutes is carried out by the Ministry of Labour through DGFASLI, Mumbai

The DGFASLI is also entrusted with the responsibility of enforcing the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989 framed under the Environment(Protection) Act 1986, in the port sector.

The main focus of the Dock Safety division is on:

  • Administering the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act,1986 and the Dock Workers(Safety, Health and Welfare)Regulations 1990 framed there underinvolving administrative approval of decisions arising out of enforcement of the Statutes by the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety and fixing inspection priorities, etc. in all the eleven major ports.
  • Proposing amendments to the existing Dock Safety Legislation
  • Enforcing the Environment (Protection) Act and the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed there under and the Marking of Heavy Packages Act, 1951 and the Rules made there under
  • Planning and policy making
  • Advisory services to the Port Authorities, Dock Labour Boards, Stevedores and other employers of dock workers.
  • Organising international training programmes for port officials from developing countries.
  • Enforcing the Environment (Protection) Act and the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed there under and the Marking of Heavy Packages Act, 1951 and the Rules made there under

The enforcement function is carried out through the ten Inspectorates located at the major ports with their regional inspectorates in Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. These Inspectorates of Dock Safety are responsible for carrying out the following major activities.

Enforcement:

  • Inspection of ships, docks, loose gear, lifting appliances, transport equipment etc.
  • Investigation of accidents
  • Launching of prosecutions.

Training:

  • Carrying out safety studies and surveys through a multi-disciplinary approach
  • Organising and conducting training courses on occupational safety and health

Advisory Services:

Rendering Technical Advice to:

  • The port authorities
  • Other employers of dock workers
  • Port users

Safety Promotional activities:

  • Organising/participating in safety promotional activities such as celebration of Dock Safety Weeks
  • Functioning as representatives of the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety on the Dock Safety Committees at ports

Construction Safety

The Construction Safety division undertakes activities like collection of data related to manpower, accidents and dangerous occurrences in the construction sector of the country and training of managerial and supervisory personnel at the national and international levels with the assistance of international agencies, workers' and employers' associations.

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The Awards division operates the National safety Awards and the Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar of the Labour Ministry. There are two schemes of National Safety Awards which are presented to the management of factories and ports for best safety performance. The "Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskars" are given to employees of factories, plantations and ports for outstanding suggestions made by them that have resulted in increased productivity, import substitution or higher efficiency.

The Divisions in CLI are organised as below :

Industrial Safety

The Industrial Safety division aims at achieving improvement in working conditions and safety standards of factories and docks through training,consultancy, field studies, surveys and other promotional activities. It has contributed to the following achievements:

  • Evolution of a safety movement in the country
  • Creation of national awareness on safety
  • Development of infra-structure on safety at national level through competence building
  • Better administration of the Factories Act through training of Inspectors of Factories and technical support.

International training in the field of safety for Labour Administrators of factories from Asian Pacific and African countries.

Studies and Surveys:

National surveys are conducted for ascertaining the status of working conditions and standards of safety in particular industries and operations.

Unit level studies are carried out with the objective of assessing the safety related problems and formulating recommendations for improvements. These studies also help the management to take necessary measures towards setting up safety systems, instituting safety programmes and achieving the goal of better safety in their organisations.

Consultancy studies are undertaken at the request of the management or government agencies like the Factory Inspectorates for studying specific problems and rendering advice for corrective measures. The findings of national surveys and unit level consultancy studies become the source of technical inputs while drafting Rules & Regulations and designing various occupational safety and health intervention modules for target groups.

Training:

In keeping with its pioneering role in the field of industrial safety, the division has been conducting training for the benefit of foreign delegates, comprising Factory Inspectors and Labour Administrators under various technical co-operation schemes such as the Colombo Plan, Special Commonwealth African Assistance Programme (SCAAP) and Commonwealth Fellowship for technical co-operation.
Specialised training courses are conducted for identified target groups such as Senior managers, Safety officers, Supervisors, Trade Union officials, and Safety Committee members from the industry. Some of these courses are :

  • Testing and examination of lifting machinery, lifting tackles and pressure vessels
  • Safety audit
  • Safety in chemical industry
  • Safety management techniques
  • Industrial ventilation and noise

In view of the need of inspection of specific industries and major hazards control, specialised courses are also conducted to impart necessary technical knowledge and skill to the Inspectors of Factories Act 1948.

In order to provide industries and docks sector with qualified safety officers the division division conducts one-year post diploma course in industrial safety.

Facilities:

The division has the following facilities:

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  • Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre
  • Safety audit

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The Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre demonstrates methods, arrangements and appliances for promoting safety and health of workers. This centre has models and exhibits regarding safety, health and welfare in the form of properly guarded machines, personal protective equipment, safe methods of material handling, light and colour schemes and other arrangements, for propagating the message of safety and other health of workplaces. This centre is open to organised groups from industry and educational institutions.

Mobile Safety Exhibition:

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In order to carry the message of safety right to the doorsteps of factories and docks, a mobile safety exhibition was set up in the year 1974. The mobile exhibition, the first of its kind in Asia, highlights the hazards in industrial processes, and the use of safety appliances and demonstrates the safeguards, which should be followed to prevent industrial accidents. The exhibition van which was equipped with a daylight film projection system also served as a quick and effective means for creating safety awareness among the workers.

Environmental Engineering Division

The Environmental Engineering Division was added in Central Labour Institute, Mumbai during Seventies with an object to carry out research, consultancy, and training activities in the field of engineering interventions for control of occupational health hazards related to airborne contaminants and physical hazards including Noise, Thermal stress, vibration, faulty industrial illumination etc.

Industrial Hygiene

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The Industrial Hygiene division is concerned with the improvement of industrial work environment and comprises Industrial Hygiene Laboratory (IHL), Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (RETL) and Non-Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (NRTEL).

The division undertakes various studies/surveys, national projects and training courses to protect the health of industrial workers through identification, evaluation and control of occupational health hazards and advises the management on ways to meet the requirements prescribed in the Second Schedule (under Section 41F) to the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987.

The RETL tests the performance and efficiency of indigenous respiratory personal protective equipment such as dust respirators and canisters/cartridge gas respirators,etc.and advises manufacturers on improvements required to meet prescribed standards

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The NRETL carries out the testing of indigenous non-respiratory personal protective equipment such as safety shoes,safety helmets,safety goggles, eye protectors, etc. These personal protective equipment are tested as per the specifications set by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS). Based on the test reports, technical advice and guidance on quality improvement are suggested to the entrepreneurs and manufacturers. User industries are also advised on proper selection, use, care and maintenance of various personal protective equipment.

The division also organises training courses in the areas of industrial hygiene for the specific group of industries given in the First Schedule, Section 2(cb) of the Factories (Amendment)Act,1987. These training courses are meant to help safety officers,chemists, supervisors and middle level managers in the identification, assessment and control of occupational hazards in their factories.

Industrial Medicine

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The Industrial Medicine division aims to prevent and contain health hazards at the workplace brought in by industrialisation. The hazards may arise from chemicals or from physical factors such as noise, heat, vibration and radiation.

Occupational health studies and surveys on industries manufacturing asbestos, dyestuff, cement, chemical, engineering and ports handling such products are carried out to assess the incidence of occupational diseases. The division also runs a National Referral Diagnostic Centre to diagnose occupational diseases Suitable recommendations suchas medical surveillance, use of personal protective equipment, facilities for personal hygiene and first-aid are made to prevent and control health hazards

The division also carries out training, two major ones being the training of factory medical officers and workers on occupational health hazards and first-aid. It has also started a three-month certificate course in Industrial Health for factory medical officers from March, 1993.The laboratory attached to the division has facilities for medical investigation, including visual acuity tests, audiometric evaluation, and pulmonary function tests.

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National Referral Diagnostic Centre

Occupational disease assume a significant dimension in any country and more particularly, in a developing nation like India. There is a considerable prevalence of common disorders like lead poisoning, silicosis, asbestosis, pesticides poisoning, occupational hearing loss, etc. among the industrial workers.

While the emphasis on the prevention, early diagnosis and management of occupational diseases are well accepted as the proven strategy equally important is facilitating for confirming the cases of occupational diseases as these involve legal liabilities. In recognition of this need and the fact that such referral facilities are scarce in our country, a NRDC has been established by DGFASLI in the Central Labour Institute.

Suspected cases of occupational diseases are referred to these centers by Factory Medical Officers, Medical Inspectors of Factories, Certifying Surgeons, Public hospitals, etc. for opinion. The cases are physically examined, subjected to investigations at the institute and report is given by co-relating with the occupational history before arriving at a confirmed diagnosis.

Staff Training

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A pilot project on supervisory training was organized in India by the International Labour Organisation in 1952. Encouraged by the results of the pilot project and realising that such training is an essential requirement for the successful implementation of the plans for the industrialisation of the country the Ministry of Labour, Government of India set up the Training Within Industry (TWI) Centre in Mumbai in 1955 with the assistance of the ILO. In keeping with the changing trend of manpower training and development activities, the centre was later renamed as the Staff Training Division

The division :

  • conducts comprehensive supervisory trainer development projects
  • helps industry to setup training and development cells with persons trained by the division
  • assists industry in institutionalising their manpower training and development efforts by helping them formulate their training and development plans

Over a period of time the activities have expanded to cover the training of management and trade union representatives to help organisation, create a climate conducive for the development of collaborative leadership and bring about improvement in working conditions and productivity. Towards this end, new courses for managers, supervisors, trade union representatives and bipartite forums covering socio- psychological and team building aspects have been developed and conducted.

The division has embarked upon the training of supervisory trainers in chemical industries and trainers of dock workers to help organisations discharge their training responsibility on safety and health aspects under the amended Factories Act and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, respectively. These trainers, in turn, undertake the training of supervisors/workers on safety and health aspects in their organisations.

Productivity

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The productivity division aimd at improving productivity vis-a-vis working conditions and promoting co-operation between labour and management in industrial units. The above objectives are sought to be achieved through training courses and consultancy projects. In consultancy projects a management and labour project team is formed and the experts of the division act as technical consultants and catalyst to the team.

Some of the courses conducted by the division are :

  • Productivity techniques for effective employee participation
  • Work study and wage incentives
  • Wage & Salary Administration
  • Office management

Man-power planning, job evaluation, productivity improvement, organisation and methods and wage incentives are some of the consultancy areas.

Major Accident Hazards Control

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Major Hazards & Chemical Safety Division (MH&CS) formerly known as Major Accident Hazard Control Advisory (MAHCA) Division was added to the CLI as well as in RLIs located at Chennai, Kanpur, & Kolkata in 1987.The Division was the outcome of the ILO project Establishment and Initial Operation of Major Accident Hazards Control System The project was executed by DGFASLI in collaboration with Factory Inspectorates of the various States and Union Territories . Although the project was completed in December, 1990, divisions continue to provide important services for the control of major accident hazards in the country. The activities of divisions were gradually enlarged to include other aspects of chemical safety. The name of the division was changed since the year 2007.

The important achievements are :

  • Setting up of a 3-tier technical organisation on Major Accident Hazards
    Control (MAHC) at the national, regional and state levels.
  • Preparation of Model Rules for Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards.
  • Training of Inspectors of Factories in the inspection of major accident hazard installations.
  • Development and publication of training manuals and checklists.
  • Preparation of guidelines for inspection of chemical plants, on-site emergency
    plans and safety reports.

The division offers the following services :

  • Conducting training courses, seminars and workshops on Major Accident Hazard Control and Chemical Safety for various identified target groups, namely senior executives, trade union leaders, senior government officials, safety officers and members of safety committees in industries.
  • Organizing specialized training courses/workshops on Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) study. Pipeline safety, Safety in process control, dispersion modeling and safety audit.
  • Conducting studies and surveys on specialized areas of Risk Assessment, HAZOP & Safety audit in process industries